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Representing Europe's Citizens?: Electoral Institutions and the Failure of Parliamentary Representation

David M. Farrell and Roger Scully

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285020
eISBN:
9780191713651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285020.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The past fifteen years have seen declining public support for European integration, and widespread suggestions that a legitimacy crisis faces the European Union (EU). Many in the EU have believed ... More


Return to Europe

Jan Zielonka

in Europe as Empire: The Nature of the Enlarged European Union

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199292219
eISBN:
9780191603754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199292213.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter traces the initial gap between the current and the new member states. It tries to establish to what degree various domestic reforms undertaken by individual post-communist countries have ... More


Third Force Politics: Liberal Democrats at the Grassroots

Paul Whiteley, Patrick Seyd, and Antony Billinghurst

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199242825
eISBN:
9780191604140
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242828.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This book examines the recovery of the British Liberal Democrat Party, emphasizing the role of the grassroots party members in shaping this recovery. A number of factors have contributed to the ... More


Who Are the Members?

Paul Whiteley, Patrick Seyd, and Antony Billinghurst

in Third Force Politics: Liberal Democrats at the Grassroots

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199242825
eISBN:
9780191604140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242828.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the social and demographic profiles as well as the political attitudes of Liberal Democrat party members, drawing upon an earlier study of Liberal Democrat party to identify ... More


Ideology and the Party Members

Paul Whiteley, Patrick Seyd, and Antony Billinghurst

in Third Force Politics: Liberal Democrats at the Grassroots

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199242825
eISBN:
9780191604140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242828.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter begins by examining if there is evidence that a set of belief structures underlies the attitudes of party members. This is followed by an analysis of the sources of ideological ... More


The European Union as Regional State

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that it would do better to conceive of the EU as a regional state in the making, and as such as a regional union of nation-states in which the creative tension between the Union ... More


The European Union and National Policymaking

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the EU’s policymaking processes in comparison with national processes. It then outlines the EU’s impact on the macro patterns of its member-states’ ... More


Conclusion: The Prospects for Democracy in Europe

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This concluding chapter argues that the prospects for democracy in the EU are nevertheless good so long as national leaders and national publics face up to the problems. But facing up to the problems ... More


THE COORDINATION OF EUROPEAN UNION POLICY: ACTOR PERSPECTIVES

Andrew Jordan and Adriaan Schout

in The Coordination of the European Union: Exploring the Capacities of Networked Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286959
eISBN:
9780191713279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286959.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter introduces the basic administrative mechanisms for coordinating EU policy in the five actors. For each actor, it describes the most important administrative parts and explains the ... More


GERMANY: A REACTIVE AND PASSIVE COORDINATOR?

Andrew Jordan and Adriaan Schout

in The Coordination of the European Union: Exploring the Capacities of Networked Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286959
eISBN:
9780191713279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286959.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter analyses the administrative capacities that this actor has developed to coordinate the implementation of EPI across the whole of the EU (that is, EU-EPI). In so doing, it moves on from ... More


Reforming Electoral Systems in Mexico

Juan Molinar Horcasitas and Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has a long experience with highly majoritarian variants of mixed‐member systems, but has recently been made more proportional in a process of democratization. Electoral reform has developed ... More


The People

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

in The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Looks at the people that make up the UN Security Council. It starts with sections on the Secretary‐General and the President, and goes on to discuss permanent members (of which there are five — from ... More


Re‐running Elections Under Alternative Electoral Systems

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Together with Chs 5 and 6, Ch. 7 forms the historical, empirical, and quantitative heart of the book, providing the foundational evidence against which earlier postulated theories are gauged (Ch 1 ... More


Mixed‐Member Electoral Systems: A Definition and Typology

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mixed‐member electoral systems are described as a mixture of two principles of electoral system design: majoritarian systems, which usually have single‐seat districts with plurality rule and tend to ... More


Whom to Represent? Role Orientations of Legislators in Europe

Bernhard Wessels

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the fifth of six on the question of political representation in the EU. It analyses to what extent institutional differences between the member‐states of the EU are constraining the ... More


The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Procedure of the UN Security Council is the definitive book of its kind and has been widely used by UN practitioners and scholars for over twenty years. This new revised and ... More


Basic Concepts in Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of group problem solving. Group problem solving involves complementary, divisible, optimizing, intellective tasks for which a demonstrably correct ... More


Wishful Thinking Among European Parliamentarians

Sören Holmberg

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the last of six on the question of political representation in the EU. It examines the extent to which European parliamentarians have the correct view of voters’ preferences, and the ... More


Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

Over the last thirty years, the European Union (EU) has created a system of environmental governance in Europe. With a large number of legislative measures, the EU's environmental policy is broad in ... More


Choosing an Electoral System 1

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the third of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, and deals with the theoretical ... More


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