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Representing Europe's Citizens?: Electoral Institutions and the Failure of Parliamentary Representation

David M. Farrell and Roger Scully

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285020
eISBN:
9780191713651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285020.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The past fifteen years have seen declining public support for European integration, and widespread suggestions that a legitimacy crisis faces the European Union (EU). Many in the EU have believed ... More


Return to Europe

Jan Zielonka

in Europe as Empire: The Nature of the Enlarged European Union

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199292219
eISBN:
9780191603754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199292213.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter traces the initial gap between the current and the new member states. It tries to establish to what degree various domestic reforms undertaken by individual post-communist countries have ... More


The European Union as Regional State

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that it would do better to conceive of the EU as a regional state in the making, and as such as a regional union of nation-states in which the creative tension between the Union ... More


The European Union and National Policymaking

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the EU’s policymaking processes in comparison with national processes. It then outlines the EU’s impact on the macro patterns of its member-states’ ... More


Conclusion: The Prospects for Democracy in Europe

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This concluding chapter argues that the prospects for democracy in the EU are nevertheless good so long as national leaders and national publics face up to the problems. But facing up to the problems ... More


THE COORDINATION OF EUROPEAN UNION POLICY: ACTOR PERSPECTIVES

Andrew Jordan and Adriaan Schout

in The Coordination of the European Union: Exploring the Capacities of Networked Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286959
eISBN:
9780191713279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286959.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter introduces the basic administrative mechanisms for coordinating EU policy in the five actors. For each actor, it describes the most important administrative parts and explains the ... More


GERMANY: A REACTIVE AND PASSIVE COORDINATOR?

Andrew Jordan and Adriaan Schout

in The Coordination of the European Union: Exploring the Capacities of Networked Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286959
eISBN:
9780191713279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286959.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter analyses the administrative capacities that this actor has developed to coordinate the implementation of EPI across the whole of the EU (that is, EU-EPI). In so doing, it moves on from ... More


Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

Over the last thirty years, the European Union (EU) has created a system of environmental governance in Europe. With a large number of legislative measures, the EU's environmental policy is broad in ... More


The Free Movement of Goods

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The previous chapter showed how transnational activity, the adjudication of the European Community (EC) law, and EC lawmaking had developed symbiotically to determine much of what is important about ... More


Environmental Protection

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An examination is made of the emergence and institutionalization of a new policy domain for the European Community (EC): environmental protection – a domain that did not exist before the signing of ... More


Conclusion

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The conclusion addresses certain major features of the overall course of European integration in light of the book's priorities and findings, indicating that the book has pursued two main objectives: ... More


Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Marise Cremona (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644735
eISBN:
9780191740695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644735.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

The enlargement of the EU has highlighted the challenges of compliance, but it has also helped to suggest new compliance methodologies. The combination of methodologies used by the EU and the ... More


The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level

Vincent Wright

Hussein Kassim, Anand Menon, and B. Guy Peters (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199248056
eISBN:
9780191601545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248052.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book is the second of two volumes in which leading scholars examine the way in which European Union (EU) member states co-ordinate their European policies, and investigates the structures, ... More


The United Nations

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

UN bodies with responsibility for action against racial discrimination are described. During the period 1945–1995, the number of UN member states grew from 29 to 185. The work of the human rights ... More


Flexibility: A Tool of Integration or a Restraint on Disintegration?

Helen Wallace

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

’Flexibility’ emerged as one of the key words in the practitioners’ discourse during the Intergovernmental Conference leading to the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997. The term became part of the new ... More


East of Amsterdam: The Implications of the Amsterdam Treaty for Eastern Enlargement

Ulrich Sedelmeier

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Despite the member states’ failure to agree in the Amsterdam Treaty on institutional reforms that they presented before the 1996/7 IGC as prerequisites for enlargement, we should not expect the ... More


Precedents and Present Events in the European Union: An Institutional Perspective on Treaty Reform

Ulf Sverdrup

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The 1996‐7 intergovernmental conference was convened to prepare the European Union (EU) for the challenges of the twenty‐first century, for which a radical review and reform of the EU's institutions ... More


Whom to Represent? Role Orientations of Legislators in Europe

Bernhard Wessels

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the fifth of six on the question of political representation in the EU. It analyses to what extent institutional differences between the member‐states of the EU are constraining the ... More


The Role and Status of the European Central Bank: Some Proposals for Accountability and Cooperation

Christopher Taylor

in After the Euro: Shaping Institutions for Governance in the Wake of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296393
eISBN:
9780191599002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296398.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Starting from concerns at the lack of legitimacy and accountability of European monetary institutions, the author develops proposals for improving the accountability of the European Central Bank and ... More


Fiscal Federalism and the Reality of the European Union Budget

Gabriele Tondl

in After the Euro: Shaping Institutions for Governance in the Wake of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296393
eISBN:
9780191599002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296398.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Loss of financial policy autonomy could create major problems for weaker national economies within European monetary union. Considerable progress could be made in tackling this if member governments ... More


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