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The European Union as Regional State

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that it would do better to conceive of the EU as a regional state in the making, and as such as a regional union of nation-states in which the creative tension between the Union ... More


Representing Europe's Citizens?: Electoral Institutions and the Failure of Parliamentary Representation

David M. Farrell and Roger Scully

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285020
eISBN:
9780191713651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285020.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The past fifteen years have seen declining public support for European integration, and widespread suggestions that a legitimacy crisis faces the European Union (EU). Many in the EU have believed ... More


The European Union and National Policymaking

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the EU’s policymaking processes in comparison with national processes. It then outlines the EU’s impact on the macro patterns of its member-states’ ... More


Return to Europe

Jan Zielonka

in Europe as Empire: The Nature of the Enlarged European Union

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199292219
eISBN:
9780191603754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199292213.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter traces the initial gap between the current and the new member states. It tries to establish to what degree various domestic reforms undertaken by individual post-communist countries have ... More


The People

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

in The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Looks at the people that make up the UN Security Council. It starts with sections on the Secretary‐General and the President, and goes on to discuss permanent members (of which there are five — from ... More


Conclusion: The Prospects for Democracy in Europe

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This concluding chapter argues that the prospects for democracy in the EU are nevertheless good so long as national leaders and national publics face up to the problems. But facing up to the problems ... More


The Free Movement of Goods

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The previous chapter showed how transnational activity, the adjudication of the European Community (EC) law, and EC lawmaking had developed symbiotically to determine much of what is important about ... More


From the Velvet Glove to the Iron Fist: Criminal Sanctions for the Enforcement of Union Law

Michael Dougan

in Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644735
eISBN:
9780191740695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644735.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses the obligations concerning the enforcement of substantive Union policies by the member states within the national legal systems. The use of criminal penalties for the ... More


Environmental Protection

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An examination is made of the emergence and institutionalization of a new policy domain for the European Community (EC): environmental protection – a domain that did not exist before the signing of ... More


THE COORDINATION OF EUROPEAN UNION POLICY: ACTOR PERSPECTIVES

Andrew Jordan and Adriaan Schout

in The Coordination of the European Union: Exploring the Capacities of Networked Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286959
eISBN:
9780191713279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286959.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter introduces the basic administrative mechanisms for coordinating EU policy in the five actors. For each actor, it describes the most important administrative parts and explains the ... More


Negotiating Flexible Integration in the Amsterdam Treaty

Alexander C.‐G. Stubb

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the negotiations that led to the institutionalization of closer cooperation or flexible integration, i.e. the possibility for a number of member states to cooperate more closely in ... More


Fiscal Federalism and the Reality of the European Union Budget

Gabriele Tondl

in After the Euro: Shaping Institutions for Governance in the Wake of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296393
eISBN:
9780191599002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296398.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Loss of financial policy autonomy could create major problems for weaker national economies within European monetary union. Considerable progress could be made in tackling this if member governments ... More


GERMANY: A REACTIVE AND PASSIVE COORDINATOR?

Andrew Jordan and Adriaan Schout

in The Coordination of the European Union: Exploring the Capacities of Networked Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286959
eISBN:
9780191713279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286959.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter analyses the administrative capacities that this actor has developed to coordinate the implementation of EPI across the whole of the EU (that is, EU-EPI). In so doing, it moves on from ... More


Federalism and State Governance in the European Union and the United States: An Institutional Perspective

Vivien Schmidt

in The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Starts by briefly comparing and contrasting the institutional structures and policy‐making processes in the USA and the EU. Two interrelated arguments are presented in the rest of the chapter: (1) ... More


Flexibility: A Tool of Integration or a Restraint on Disintegration?

Helen Wallace

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

’Flexibility’ emerged as one of the key words in the practitioners’ discourse during the Intergovernmental Conference leading to the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997. The term became part of the new ... More


Precedents and Present Events in the European Union: An Institutional Perspective on Treaty Reform

Ulf Sverdrup

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The 1996‐7 intergovernmental conference was convened to prepare the European Union (EU) for the challenges of the twenty‐first century, for which a radical review and reform of the EU's institutions ... More


The United Nations

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

UN bodies with responsibility for action against racial discrimination are described. During the period 1945–1995, the number of UN member states grew from 29 to 185. The work of the human rights ... More


Links between National and Supra‐national Institutions: A Legal View of a New Communicative Univers e

Armin von Bogdandy

in Linking EU and National Governance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252268
eISBN:
9780191601040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252262.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Chapter 3 explores the new communicative universe that has been established by the European Union, which coins the linkages between supranational and national governance in its own right, not least ... More


The EC Common Fisheries Policy

Robin Churchill and Daniel Owen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199275847
eISBN:
9780191706080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275847.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is one of the longest established and more controversial of the common policies of the EC. It deals principally with the management of fishery resources, relations ... More


The Slow March of European Legislation: The Implementation of Directives

Giuseppe Ciavarini Azzi

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The job of the EU in the years ahead is likely to consist more of implementing existing policies than of creating new ones. In addition, the future enlargement of the EU will entail problems of ... More


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