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Cutaneous and Ocular Melanoma

STEPHEN B. GRUBER and BRUCE K. ARMSTRONG

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0063
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of cutaneous and ocular melanomas. Cutaneous melanoma is the most lethal form of skin cancer. There were an estimated 160,000 new cases diagnosed worldwide in ... More


Skin tumours

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses skin and soft tissue tumours. Three known skin tumours are the basal cell carcinoma, the squamous cell carcinoma, and the melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma or rodent ulcer ... More


Psychosocial Interventions and Prognosis in Cancer

DAVID SPIEGEL and FAWZY I. FAWZY

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter explores the effects that psychosocial interventions can have on cancer prognosis. The results of major studies that examined the impact of psychosocial and behavioral interventions on ... More


Skin diseases affecting the oro-facial region

Max Robinson, Keith Hunter, Michael Pemberton, and Philip Sloan

in Soames' & Southam's Oral Pathology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697786
eISBN:
9780191918483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697786.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

Examination of the face and hands can identify significant skin diseases and also provide clues to the presence of underlying systemic disease. Many patients ignore ... More


Skin Cancer

Adèle Green, Jolieke Van Der Pols, and David Hunter

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The predominant carcinogen for all three forms of skin cancer is ultraviolet radiation via sun exposure. Personal susceptibility factors include fair hair and skin, and a tendency to burn and not ... More


The development of ultrasound in ophthalmology

Karl C . Ossoinig

in Ultrasound in Clinical Diagnosis: From pioneering developments in Lund to global application in medicine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199602070
eISBN:
9780191918056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602070.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, History of Medicine

The clinical applications of diagnostic ultrasound in ophthalmology were initiated by G.H. Mundt and w.F. Hughes ( 1 ) (1956) as well as A. Oksala and A. Lehtinen ( 2 ... More


Oral cancer

Max Robinson, Keith Hunter, Michael Pemberton, and Philip Sloan

in Soames' & Southam's Oral Pathology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697786
eISBN:
9780191918483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697786.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

The term ‘oral cancer’ encompasses all malignant neoplasms affecting the oral cavity. The majority, greater than 90%, are squamous cell car¬cinomas. The remainder are ... More


Establishing the Diagnosis

Daniel A. Brinton and Charles P. Wilkinson

in Retinal Detachment: Priniciples and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195330823
eISBN:
9780197562543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195330823.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

The differential diagnosis of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment includes secondary (nonrhegmatogenous) retinal detachment and other entities that may ... More


Orbital Vascular And Lymphatic Systems

David Jordan, Louise Mawn, and Richard L. Anderson

in Surgical Anatomy of the Ocular Adnexa: A Clinical Approach

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199744268
eISBN:
9780197563052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199744268.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

The anatomy of the orbital vascular bed is complex, with tremendous individual variation. The main arterial supply to the orbit is from the ophthalmic artery, a branch ... More


Understanding Skin Conditions

Steven J. Ersser

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0022
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

The aim of this chapter is to provide nurses with the knowledge to be able to assess, manage, and care for people with skin conditions in an evidence-based ... More


Protection from Ultraviolet Radiation

Robyn M. Lucas, Rachel E. Neale, Peter Gies, and Terry Slevin

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0067
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Strategies to protect against excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation are required to reduce the risk of melanoma, non-melanoma skin cancers, and eye diseases. The programs that have been ... More


Clinical Presentation of Eyelid Lesions

J. Justin Older

in Surgery of the Eyelid, Lacrimal System, and Orbit

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195340211
eISBN:
9780197562574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195340211.003.0006
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Appropriate evaluation of an eyelid lesion is necessary before deciding on a course of surgical or nonsurgical treatment. A differential diagnosis is established based on the patient’s history and ... More


A Burning Issue

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on the ozone layer present in the lower stratosphere and its biological significance. The ozone is created and destroyed by ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Various natural ... More


Skin Cancer

Adèle C. Green, Catherine M. Olsen, and David J. Hunter

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Skin cancer is one of the few types of cancer for which exposure to the major carcinogen, solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation, is strongly implicated on the basis of descriptive epidemiologic data ... More


Ultraviolet Radiation

Adèle C. Green and David C. Whiteman

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the principal cause of over 95% of keratinocyte cancers (basal cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin), the most common cancers in white populations ... More


Melanoma

Bruce K. Armstrong, Claire M. Vajdic, and Anne E. Cust

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0057
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Melanoma is a cancer of melanocytes, cells that produce the brown-black skin pigment melanin. Melanocytes originate in cells of the neural crest and migrate during embryogenesis, principally to the ... More


Health Promotion and Primary Prevention of Cancer

Dawn K. Wilson and Sarah F. Griffin

in Comprehensive Handbook of Childhood Cancer and Sickle Cell Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195169850
eISBN:
9780197562192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195169850.003.0030
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Oncology

There are a number of important preventable risk factors that have been associated with the prevalence and incidence of various types of cancers. These risk factors include sedentary lifestyle, ... More


Management of Periocular Neoplasms

Robert C. Kersten

in Surgery of the Eyelid, Lacrimal System, and Orbit

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195340211
eISBN:
9780197562574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195340211.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Epithelial malignancy of the eyelid is a common problem, representing about 14% of skin cancers in the head and neck region. The goals when treating any skin cancer are complete elimination of the ... More


Organic, Liaison, and Perinatal Psychiatry

Lena Palaniyappan and Rajeev Krishnadas

in Best of Five MCQs for MRCPsych Paper 3

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199553617
eISBN:
9780191917813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199553617.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions A tumour in which of the following areas is most likely to lead to behavioural/psychiatric manifestation? Frontal lobe Temporal lobe Posterior fossa Parietal lobe Occipital ... More


Dermatology

Iqbal Khan (ed.)

in Best of Five MCQs for the MRCP Part 1 Volume 2

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747161
eISBN:
9780191916922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747161.003.0004
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions 52-year-old man presents to the clinic for review some six weeks after starting phenytoin for complex partial seizures. He is very concerned as he has a rash which began on his face but ... More


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