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Cardiorespiratory Integration

Patrice G. Guyenet

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter describes how the central nervous system (CNS) coordinates respiration and the circulation to achieve pO2 and pCO2 homeostasis and optimal tissue oxygenation. The process occurs at ... More


Descending control of pain processing

G.F. Gebhart and H.K. Proudfit

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Significant progress has been made in understanding the circuitry and function of brainstem neurons that modulate nociception. This chapter shows that neurons in the vlPAG control the activity of ... More


The Ventrolateral Medulla and Sympathetic Regulation of Arterial Pressure

Ann M. Schreihofer and Alan F. Sved

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The ventrolateral medulla plays a critical role in the regulation of arterial blood pressure, mainly by regulating sympathetic nerve activity to cardiovascular targets such as the heart and blood ... More


Regulation of Autonomic Function by Visceral and Somatic Afferents

John C. Longhurst

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses reflex autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system by input from finely myelinated and unmyelinated sensory nerve fibers. The focus is on abdominal and cardiac visceral ... More


Central Circulatory Control: Psychological Stress and the Defense Reaction

Pascal Carrive

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the history and our current understanding of the central pathways mediating cardiovascular responses to psychological stress. The first part of the chapter deals with the ... More


Initiation of locomotion

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The chapter explores the role of the nervous system in the initiation of locomotion in cats. Signals from the brain to the spinal cord are transmitted through several descending pathways: the ... More


The Posterior Pituitary and Water Metabolism

Willis K. Samson

in Textbook of Endocrine Physiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199744121
eISBN:
9780197563045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199744121.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Endocrinology and Diabetes

The neurohypophysis, also called the posterior pituitary or neural lobe , is the ventral extension of hypothalamic tissue derived from a developmental down growth of the neuroectoderm forming the ... More


Gustatory Discharges in the Rat Medulla and Thalamus

Pfaffmann Carl, R. P. Erickson, G. P. Frommer, and B. P. Halpern

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter describes certain new observations on taste relays in the central nervous system in the medulla and thalamus of the rat. In the medulla, electrical activity was recorded in the rostral ... More


Medulla Oblongata

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This section contains a gallery of original Cajal drawings pertaining to the medulla oblongata.


Translating and Explaining Headwords: Elyot's Predecessors

Gabriele Stein

in Sir Thomas Elyot as Lexicographer

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199683192
eISBN:
9780191763205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683192.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Lexicography

Early dictionaries show an interesting interdependence between the lemma part and the gloss. The lemma often has a complex structure with elements preceding and/or following the lemma proper. ... More


Exam 6

Rebecca Hanlon, John Curtis, Hulya Wieshmann, David White, Caren Landes, and Val Gough

in Long Cases for the Final FRCR 2B

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199590001
eISBN:
9780199590001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199590001.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Case 6.1 Clinical details A 70-year-old female patient with weight loss, dyspnoea, and cough. No improvement with antibiotics. No history of immune deficiency. Imaging Chest X-ray. Axial CT ... More


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