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Written Music and Oral Music: Improvisation in Medieval Performance

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter focuses on the subjection of improvisation in medieval music practice. It argues that if ‘improvisation’ with its modern overtones is not properly medieval, if instead medieval music was ... More


Speaking of Jesus

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0015
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In view of its variability, the written transmission of the early trope tradition has been characterized as ‘local production for local use’. This chapter presents an attempt to interpret differences ... More


Medieval Improvisation

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter discusses improvisation in medieval music-making. It argues that the etymological roots of the word ‘improvisation’ and that its wide usage in the 19th and 20th centuries could have ... More


The Marriage of Poetry and Music in Medieval Song

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0017
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The chapter explores the relationship between poetry and music. It argues that a poem, like a melody, is a sounding phenomenon, and it is as both sounding phenomena and syntactical orders that poetry ... More


On the Structure of Alleluia Melisma: A Western Tendency in Western Chant(?)

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter aims to present a concept of Western music as a standard for the evaluation of all music. It argues that rationality, order, and the unity of integrated form that is the counterpart of ... More


The Colonizing Ear

Bernard D. Sherman

in Inside Early Music: Conversations with Performers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195169454
eISBN:
9780199865017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169454.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Christopher Page first ruffled the early-music world in the late 1970s, when he (and, independently, the American scholar Craig Wright) put forward a radical hypothesis. It held that the instruments ... More


Oral, Written, and Literate Process in the Music of the Middle Ages

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter explores both the differentiations and the continuities that must be recognized within the relationship between the oral and written aspects of the making and transmission of medieval ... More


The Politics of Reception: Tailoring the Present as Fulfilment of a Desired Past

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Much of what has been written thus far reveals that coming to know medieval song has been more a matter of its appropriation to the familiar — placing our distant objects under the control of modern ... More


The Vatican Organum Treatise and the Organum of Notre Dame of Paris: Perspectives on the Development of a Literate Music Culture in Europe

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter begins with a discussion of the tradition of music pedagogy in the European Middle Ages. It then discusses the Vatican Organum Treatise, which transmits the earliest known composition ... More


Homer and Gregory: The Transmission of Epic Poetry and Plainchant

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter develops a plausible representation of the way that chants might have been made that would be a way into a critical account of them as sung language. Its objective is genetic criticism — ... More


History and the Ontology of the Musical Work

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0012
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter argues that the question about the ontological state of music must be addressed by taking into account the particular historical situation of the music in question, in its particular ... More


Observations on the Transmission of Some Aquitanian Tropes

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines seven introit tropes or trope groups. It argues that the problem of transmission is critical for the understanding of the musical situation in the central Middle Ages. Tropes ... More


Inside Early Music: Conversations with Performers

Bernard D. Sherman

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195169454
eISBN:
9780199865017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169454.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The attempt to play music with the styles and instruments of its era—commonly referred to as the early music movement—has become immensely popular in recent years. For instance, Billboard’s “Top ... More


Vox Feminae

Bernard D. Sherman

in Inside Early Music: Conversations with Performers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195169454
eISBN:
9780199865017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169454.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Hildegard (1098-1179), the founder and abbess of a Benedictine nunnery in Bingen, Germany, first came to the attention of modern America in a book about headaches. Oliver Sacks’s 1970 book Migraines ... More


‘Peripheral’ and ‘Central’

Leo Treitler

in With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How it Was Made

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214761
eISBN:
9780191713897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214761.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The problem of establishing a musical text is encountered each time we wish to prepare a medieval piece for performance or study. This problem is raised by variation in the transmission of musical ... More


You Can’t Sing a Footnote

Bernard D. Sherman

in Inside Early Music: Conversations with Performers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195169454
eISBN:
9780199865017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169454.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Medieval composers rarely expected their sacred music to be listened to for its own sake. They designed it to accompany church services—events of solemn meaning for medieval worshippers, but not for ... More


Prologue: The First Great Dead White Male Composer

Busse Berger Anna Maria

in Medieval Music and the Art of Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240285
eISBN:
9780520930643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240285.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter provides an historiographical background on Friedrich Ludwig, a German scholar who transcribed and catalogued all medieval polyphony. It suggests that Ludwig's catalog has held up well ... More


A Different Sense of Time

Bernard D. Sherman

in Inside Early Music: Conversations with Performers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195169454
eISBN:
9780199865017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169454.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Newspaper reports on the monks of Santo Domingo de Silos have called their best-selling CD “an album of 1,000-year-old Gregorian chant” or even “1,500-year-old chant”. But both estimates erroneously ... More


Conclusion

Busse Berger Anna Maria

in Medieval Music and the Art of Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240285
eISBN:
9780520930643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240285.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the memorization of medieval music. It discusses how the oral and written transmission of music interacts with the art of memory and ... More


Samāᶜ Intertwined in Practice: Eight Treatises from the 9th to the 15th Centuries

Lisa Nielson

in The Music Road: Coherence and Diversity in Music from the Mediterranean to India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780197266564
eISBN:
9780191889394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266564.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

In the 9th century, Ibn Abi al-Dūnya’s treatise the Dhamm al-Malahi (Censure of Instruments of Diversion) was among the first to argue that samāᶜ (listening), specifically the act of listening to ... More


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