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Medieval Oxford

John North

in Oxford Figures: Eight Centuries of the Mathematical Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681976
eISBN:
9780191761737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681976.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

In this chapter we survey the history of mathematics and astronomy in the emerging University, from earliest times (c.1200) to the Black Death (c.1350). Among the notable figures with an interest in ... More


Introduction

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

in Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The introduction to this book sets the stage with some framing remarks on the significance of computus in the context of medieval culture and on the ‘calendar problem’ as confronted by medieval ... More


Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The Gregorian calendar reform of 1582, which provides the basis for the present-day Western civil calendar, has often been portrayed as a triumph of early modern scientific culture and an expression ... More


Astronomers and the Calendar, 1290–1500

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

in Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter identifies three important developments in the field of late medieval computational astronomy and discusses their influence on the calendar-reform debate. First on is the evolution of ... More


Calendrical Astronomy in the Twelfth Century

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

in Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter employs a range of previously untapped sources to paint a detailed picture of how the so-called Renaissance of the Twelfth Century reshaped computistical literature and spawned the first ... More


The Consolidation of a Calendar-Reform Debate in the Thirteenth Century

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

in Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter follows the story of calendar reform from the end of the twelfth to the end of the thirteenth century, showing how during this period the problem was popularized via two different ... More


Church Councils and the Question of Easter in the Fifteenth Century

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

in Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter begins with an account of the calendar-reform initiative spearheaded in 1411–17 by Cardinal Pierre d’Ailly at the Councils of Rome and Constance, followed by an in-depth look at the ... More


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