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Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Jane Marie Law and Vanessa R. Sasson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

In contemporary Western culture, the word “fetus” introduces either a political subject or a literal, medicalized entity. Neither of these frameworks gives sufficient credit to the vast array of ... More


The Body of Knowledge

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695676
eISBN:
9780191738616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Broad and deep historical trends concerning body, self, mind, and medicine intersected in Germany in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It was within this pervasive and powerful nexus ... More


Biomedicalization and the Practice of Culture: Globalization and Type 2 Diabetes in the United States and Japan

Mari Armstrong-Hough

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469646688
eISBN:
9781469646701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646688.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Over the last twenty years, type 2 diabetes skyrocketed to the forefront of global public health concern. In this book, Mari Armstrong-Hough examines the rise in and response to the disease in two ... More


Medicalizing Mecca: European Policies and Pilgrims' Experiences in Mecca

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The study of sanitary regulations around the Haj has shown that, by the late nineteenth century, Mecca became deeply embedded within medical debates. It was discussed all over the world and found a ... More


Conclusion

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter summarizes discussions of the volume. There were many transformations in the meanings of the pilgrimage during the colonial period and later, right down to the contemporary period. This ... More


Diagnosis/Antidiagnosis

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that diagnosis—the scientific activity of sorting and labeling disorders—is imbued with moral, social, and political meaning. It explores diagnosis as characterization, as ... More


Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Rebecca Tiger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The number of people incarcerated in the United States now exceeds 2.3 million, due in part to the increasing criminalization of drug use: over 25 percent of people incarcerated in jails and prisons ... More


To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Joseph E. Davis and Ana Marta Gonzalez (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The collected essays in To Fix or to Heal examine the persistence of reductionistic approaches to medicine and public health. Despite widespread discontent with such approaches and good reasons to ... More


Multiple Meanings of Chinese Healing in the United States

Linda L. Barnes

in Religion and Healing in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195167962
eISBN:
9780199850150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167962.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Following a front-page story in the New York Times in 1972 by James Reston about his experiences with acupuncture in a Chinese hospital, virtually every article on complementary and alternative ... More


The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Daniel Perlman and Ananya Roy (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Global health remains a worldwide collection of problems. There is to date no agreed-upon definition of the boundaries of topics meaningfully examined under this rubric. This book acknowledges the ... More


The Slumbering Masses: Sleep, Medicine, and Modern American Life

Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674749
eISBN:
9781452947341
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674749.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The book traces the interactions of American allopathic medicine, industrial capitalism, and the human desire for sleep from the late 18th century through the turn of the 21st century. The foundation ... More


What needs to be prevented?

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that the clinical or high-risk approach to prevention has tended to concentrate attention on the conspicuous segment of disease and risk, seeking to understand and control it as ... More


Still Not Safe: Patient Safety and the Middle-Managing of American Medicine

Robert Wears and Kathleen Sutcliffe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190271268
eISBN:
9780190271299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190271268.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Patient safety suddenly burst into public consciousness in the late 1990s and became a “celebrated” cause in the 2000s. It has since gradually faltered, and little improvement has been noted over ... More


Introduction

Kylee-Anne Hingston

in Articulating Bodies: The Narrative Form of Disability and Illness in Victorian Fiction

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620757
eISBN:
9781789629491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620757.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Prompted by Victorians’ frequent conflation of body and text, the introduction argues that Victorian fiction’s narrative form, specifically plot structure and focalization, contributed to the ... More


Violence, Culture, and the Politics of Trauma

Arthur Kleinman

in Writing at the Margin: Discourse Between Anthropology and Medicine

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520209657
eISBN:
9780520919471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520209657.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses the trauma that results from political violence and the ways in which political violence is being turned into a health problem. It first introduces posttraumatic stress ... More


Against Nature—Menopause as Herald of Decay

Margaret Lock

in Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520082212
eISBN:
9780520916623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520082212.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

A potent fear of aging, coupled with a quest for immortal youthfulness and sexual desire, seems to be driving the medicalization of menopause. Commercialized and linked to the puritanical heritage of ... More


Chemically Imbalanced: Everyday Suffering, Medication, and Our Troubled Quest for Self-Mastery

Joseph E. Davis

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226686547
eISBN:
9780226686714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226686714.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

For a generation, an intense debate has been waged over the expanding number of people who are diagnosed with a mental disorder and treated with prescription drugs such as Prozac and Adderall. One ... More


Making Sense of Financial Failure

Stuart Vyse

in Going Broke: Why Americans Can't Hold On To Their Money

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195306996
eISBN:
9780199847099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306996.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The current trend toward the medicalization of every human problem is introduced in this chapter, and it examines the debate on the notion that thinking over the debt does not mean there is a ... More


Medicalizing Delinquency

David S. Tanenhaus

in Juvenile Justice in the Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195306507
eISBN:
9780199850587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306507.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the medicalization of juvenile delinquency (i.e., treating youthful offending as a mental condition that should be adjusted through individualized treatment plans). Although ... More


The Gospel of Health and the Scientific Spirit

Pamela E. Klassen

in Spirits of Protestantism: Medicine, Healing, and Liberal Christianity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520244283
eISBN:
9780520950443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244283.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter focuses on early-twentieth-century Protestant arguments for merging Christianity and medicine. It highlights the prescription of both prayer and Bible reading to patients on grounds that ... More


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