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Public Health Policy and the “Great Doctors' Meeting”

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The fire policy rekindled dissension within the Hawaiian Medical Society, which initially voted no confidence in the Board of Health. Those favoring traditional sanitation approaches to public health ... More


December's Debates and “a Sad Christmas Present”

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The quarantine policy stirred personal rivalries and fanned dissension among members of the Hawaiian Medical Society, not all of whom believed that bacteriology could prove the presence of bubonic ... More


The Triumvirate Struggles On

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Hawaiian Medical Society remained divided over the Board of Health's bacteriology-based policies. Experimental vaccines offered little help against cases of bubonic plague. Disputes arose between ... More


The Frustrations of Mopping Up

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Board of Health expanded its fire policy to Kahului's Chinatown on the island of Maui, and continued to deal with a divided Hawaiian Medical Society and a hostile Citizens' Sanitary Commission in ... More


Oaths and Codes of Medical Police and Ethics, 1806–1846

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the challenges faced by American medical societies in the antebellum period, including their attempts to develop common standards of practice, differentiate between legitimate ... More


A National Code of Medical Ethics

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter recounts the story of the creation of a national medical society and a national code of medical ethics. It highlights the role played by four key actors: Nathan Smith Davis (1817–1904), ... More


The Anti-Code Revolt: Laissez-Faire Medical Ethics, 1876–1979

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the transformation of the American Medical Association's (AMA) instrument of ethical self-regulation—the 1847 Code of Medical Ethics—from an icon of professional pride into a ... More


The Limits of Professional Self-Regulation: Findings From a National Physician Survey

Eric M. Patashnik, Alan S. Gerber, and Conor M. Dowling

in Unhealthy Politics: The Battle over Evidence-Based Medicine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203225
eISBN:
9780691208565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203225.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores the institutional roots of medical professionalism in the United States. It examines why the U.S. health care system delegates therapeutic authority to individual doctors and ... More


Co-operatives in health care: global prospects for the development of co-operatives as instruments of consumer-centred health care

Vern Hughes

in Mainstreaming Co-Operation: An Alternative for the Twenty-First Century?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719099595
eISBN:
9781526120731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099595.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter argues that consumer co-operatives offer great potential for health care reform that integrates care around the needs of consumers and contains health costs. Two case studies – of the ... More


Sanitary Reform

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Cleanliness sidled up to godliness, and the sanitarian movement was born around the middle of the nineteenth century. Sanitarianism was viewed as a battle against a grave social problem. The sanitary ... More


Developing a Culture of Opioid Stewardship: The Pennsylvania Example

Allison Michalowski, Sarah Boateng, Michael R. Fraser, and Rachel L. Levine

in A Public Health Guide to Ending the Opioid Epidemic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190056810
eISBN:
9780190056841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056810.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The goal of opioid stewardship is to provide public health practitioners and health care professionals with the education and tools they need to appropriately prescribe opioid medications to patients ... More


Sham Surgery: A Case Study of the Use of Medical Evidence

Eric M. Patashnik, Alan S. Gerber, and Conor M. Dowling

in Unhealthy Politics: The Battle over Evidence-Based Medicine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203225
eISBN:
9780691208565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203225.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter presents a detailed case study of a sham knee surgery case. The knee case is illustrative of systemic problems in the promotion of evidence-based medicine. Clearly, many medical ... More


Sutton the Parvenu

Gavin Weightman

in The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter assesses how Daniel Sutton became a veritable Georgian parvenu. Greatly admired as he was for his skills as an inoculator, Sutton was aware that he was regarded socially as no more than ... More


Political Showdown

Lisa Yarger

in Lovie: The Story of a Southern Midwife and an Unlikely Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630052
eISBN:
9781469630076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630052.003.0025
Subject:
History, Family History

This chapter explores the resurgence of interest in home birth and midwifery (primarily among college-educated white women) as a result of second-wave feminism. Midwives such as Ina May Gaskin begin ... More


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