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The American Medical School Between the World Wars

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Typically regarded as a quiet time in American medical education, the interwar period was in fact highly dynamic. Medical research advanced and medical schools grew in size, wealth, and complexity. ... More


The Forgotten Medical Student

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

American medical schools of the 1960s were larger, more complex institutions than they had been a generation before. Indeed, they bore no more resemblance to pre-World War II medical schools than the ... More


Academic Health Centers Under Stress: Internal Dilemmas

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0015
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout its history, the American medical school, like the rest of the country's system of higher education, had been shaped by social, economic, and political developments in the larger society. ... More


Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book provides an account of American medical education in the 20th century, concluding with a call for the reformation of a system currently handicapped by managed care and by narrow, ... More


Creating the System

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Scientific advance, technological achievement, and individual and collective professional ambition all played indispensable roles in the complex story of the creation of America's system of medical ... More


Undergraduate Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

If knowledgeable physicians agreed on one principle, it was that medical education was a lifelong process. The education of a physician began long before medical school, since a student's success at ... More


A Second Revolutionary Period

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the 20th century was ending, a second revolutionary period in American medical education had begun. Major characteristics of this period included the erosion of the clinical learning environment, ... More


The Rise of Graduate Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the years following World War I, medical knowledge, techniques, and practices were growing and changing too rapidly. Even a superior experience in medical school could no longer prepare a person ... More


The Ascendancy of Research

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The ties formed between the federal government and academic medical centers during World War II irrevocably altered the scale of medical research in the United States. Over the next two decades, ... More


Medical Education in an Era of Protest and Civil Rights

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1960s and 1970s, America was rocked by social unrest, as the antiwar and civil rights movements tore at the fabric of American society. The passions, moral fervor, and discord swept through ... More


Internal Malaise

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0016
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1970s and 1980s a distinct malaise pervaded many medical schools. As they increased their role in patient care, and as they grew ever larger in size, they struggled to maintain their ... More


Academic Health Centers Under Stress: External Pressures

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Domestic tranquility returned quickly to the United States with the end of the Vietnam War. Nevertheless, in the 1970s and 1980s, academic health centers came under new external pressures. Other ... More


The Expansion of Clinical Service

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The expansion of clinical service in the two decades following World War II created strains within academic medical centers, largely because of the distractions that patient care inevitably placed on ... More


Medicare, Medicaid, and Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

With the passage in 1965 of Medicare and Medicaid, a new era began—one in which the clinical activities of medical schools began to hypertrophy, swelling out of proportion to their other duties. This ... More


Academic Medical Centers and the Public

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Though medical schools and teaching hospitals were separate entities, they operated extremely closely, and their individual successes depended very much on their collaboration. In the late 1920s, the ... More


The Maturation of Graduate Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The explosion of knowledge in all academic disciplines after World War II shattered traditional approaches toward scholarship. Fragmentation of disciplines and academic specialization occurred ... More


Medical Education in an Era of Cost Containment and Managed Care

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the mid-1980s a new paradigm became accepted, which emphasized that there were limits to what the country could spend on health care, given the reality of finite resources in the face of a ... More


World War II and Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Medical schools had long been responsible for the quality of care rendered civilians, but during World War II they took direct responsibility for the military's medical care as well. The proportion ... More


Medicine

Charles Webster

in The History of the University of Oxford: Volume VIII: The Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229742
eISBN:
9780191678912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229742.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines teaching and research in medicine at Oxford during the period from 1914 to 1970. During the early part of the 20th century, medicine lost grounds to the humanities and the ... More


Teaching Hospitals

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

After World War I, teaching hospitals championed the same academic ideals as their affiliated medical schools, and the two institutions acted in concert in education, research, and patient care. The ... More


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