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Fitness to practise panels: the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service

John Martyn Chamberlain

in Medical Regulation, Fitness To Practice and Revalidation: A critical introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447325444
eISBN:
9781447325543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447325444.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter outlines recent developments in the fitness to practice hearings where complaints are made against doctors. It traces the introduction of the medical practitioner tribunal service as a ... More


‘What is Wrong’ and ‘How We Know It’: Changing Concepts of Illness in General Practice

Marshall Marinker

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the different changes in regards to understanding morbidity and human biology, the range and power of medicines, and the techniques of clinical investigation and surgery. It ... More


Witch‐Finders, Witchdoctors, and Healers

Robin Briggs

in The Witches of Lorraine

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198225829
eISBN:
9780191708947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198225829.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the lives of individuals sometimes called ‘white witches’, men and women who formed part of a ragged and disorganized phenomenon which historians of early modern medicine now ... More


American Physicians and Sexual Defense

Carolyn Herbst Lewis

in Prescription for Heterosexuality: Sexual Citizenship in the Cold War Era

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834251
eISBN:
9781469606385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899540_lewis.5
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

Physicians' assertions regarding their role in civil defense both reflected and reinforced the cultural authority that medical practitioners held. In the 1950s and 1960s, physicians used this ... More


Commerce and Medicine in Amsterdam

Harold J. Cook

in Matters of Exchange: Commerce, Medicine, and Science in the Dutch Golden Age

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300117967
eISBN:
9780300134926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300117967.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how the associations between the knowledge of useful matters of fact and commercial interests were very clear in the medical marketplace. Even patients with limited resources had ... More


Exceptions to the Rule

Karen A. Cerulo

in Never Saw It Coming: Cultural Challenges to Envisioning the Worst

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226100326
eISBN:
9780226100296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100296.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses the concept of the so-called negative asymmetry, the tendency to focus on worst-case scenarios. It identifies medical practitioners and computer information technicians as ... More


Obstetric Training as a Rite of Passage1

Robbi E. Davis-Floyd

in Birth as an American Rite of Passage

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520229327
eISBN:
9780520927216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520229327.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines obstetric training in the U.S. as an initiatory rite of passage. It considers the process by which medical practitioners are socialized both into the core belief and value ... More


Ethics and euthanasia

Clive Seale

in Ethics: Contemporary challenges in health and social care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347558
eISBN:
9781447302216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347558.003.0019
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Public support for laws that allow medical practitioners to end life by active measures has risen in recent years, but the medical profession in the UK has been reluctant to endorse this development. ... More


Jewish Physicians: In and Out of the German Ghetto

John M. Efron

in Medicine and the German Jews: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300083774
eISBN:
9780300133592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300083774.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses the presence of Jewish medical practitioners in German-speaking Europe. While their story is less well documented than that of their co-religionists in Southern Europe, Jewish ... More


Prescription for Heterosexuality: Sexual Citizenship in the Cold War Era

Carolyn Herbst Lewis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834251
eISBN:
9781469606385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899540_lewis
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This work explores how medical practitioners, especially family physicians, situated themselves as the guardians of Americans' sexual well-being during the early years of the Cold War. The author ... More


Confidentiality in practice: non-Western perspectives on privacy

Ian Harper

in Private and confidential?: Handling personal information in the social and health services

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349064
eISBN:
9781447303077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349064.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter draws on the author's experiences as a medical practitioner and researcher in Nepal to reflect on the idea of ‘confidentiality’ both from an interdisciplinary perspective and in the ... More


“A Fine Field for Professional Improvement”: Sites and Sources of Medical Authority in the Revolutionary War

Simon Finger

in The Contagious City: The Politics of Public Health in Early Philadelphia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448935
eISBN:
9780801464003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448935.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter details the contributions of Philadelphia's medical community during the War of Independence. Throughout the conflict, disease killed far more Americans than combat; and commanders ... More


Introduction

Carolyn Herbst Lewis

in Prescription for Heterosexuality: Sexual Citizenship in the Cold War Era

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834251
eISBN:
9781469606385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899540_lewis.4
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

During the Cold War, medical practitioners in the United States situated themselves as the guardians of the sexual well-being of all American citizens. In this period, the rising rates of premarital ... More


Introduction

Gretchen Long

in Doctoring Freedom: The Politics of African American Medical Care in Slavery and Emancipation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835838
eISBN:
9781469601472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807837399_long.4
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book traces the history of the place of African American patients and medical practitioners in the nation's medical landscape from slavery through the Civil War and Reconstruction up to the turn ... More


Tools of the Trade

Elaine G. Breslaw

in Lotions, Potions, Pills, and Magic: Health Care in Early America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787175
eISBN:
9780814739389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787175.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the various treatments used by doctors and domestic healers throughout the Western world during the eighteenth century, based on a theory of illness that had prevailed for 2,500 ... More


Matters of Conscience

Kate Greasley

in Arguments about Abortion: Personhood, Morality, and Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198766780
eISBN:
9780191821059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766780.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter comments on the controversy surrounding the scope of the right of medical practitioners to conscientiously object to participation in abortion provision. It addresses the question of how ... More


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