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Becoming inspectors of brothels: public health authorities' experience of implementing the Prostitution Reform Act

Cheryl Brunton

in Taking the crime out of sex work: New Zealand sex workers' fight for decriminalisation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423344
eISBN:
9781447303664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423344.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The passage of the Prostitution Reform Act (PRA) in 2003 brought with it new and unexpected responsibilities for the public-health authorities, particularly the Medical Officers of Health. The ... More


The Impact of Local Preventive Medicine

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The work of the local sanitary departments in implementing both nuisance reform and more especially any version of the stamping-out policy, could only take place with the broad cooperation of the ... More


Generalists, Specialists, and Others

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Within a wider medical world, inter- and intra-professional disputes over medical terrain meant that the role of GPs, indeed their survival in a very competitive situation, became problematic. The ... More


 Coming of Age in the Great War: 1914–1919

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Polanyi served as a medical officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army. As time allowed, he worked on the Nernst Heat Theorem, a novel theory about the adsorption of gases and the paradoxes associated with ... More


The Lost Pays of the Patrie

Thomas Dodman

in What Nostalgia Was: War, Empire, and the Time of a Deadly Emotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226492803
eISBN:
9780226493138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226493138.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Throughout the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars (1792-1815), nostalgia was considered one of the most widespread and dangerous diseases in the French army. Frightful epidemics swept across the ... More


Mental Incapacity, Ill-Health and Poverty: Family Failure in Post-War Britain

Pat Starkey

in Child Welfare and Social Action in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: International Perspectives

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236764
eISBN:
9781846312816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236764.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter, which explores the work of Pacifist Service Units (PSU) and its successor organisation, Family Service Units (FSU), in England during and immediately after the Second World War, ... More


Anti-diphtheria Immunization in the Irish Free State

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter three examines the rollout of anti-diphtheria schemes in the Irish Free State. It argues that a successful – albeit small-scale – anti-diphtheria scheme undertaken in Dundalk, Co. Louth, in ... More


A duty to learn: attendant training in Victoria, Australia, 1880–19071

Lee-Ann Monk

in Mental health nursing: The working lives of paid carers, 1800s-1900s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096938
eISBN:
9781781708637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096938.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the introduction and early history of attendant training in Victoria, Australia from the attendant perspective, exploring their reactions and asking whether training offered ... More


Sodomy

Matthew S. Seligmann

in Rum, Sodomy, Prayers, and the Lash Revisited: Winston Churchill and Social Reform in the Royal Navy, 1900-1915

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198759973
eISBN:
9780191820489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759973.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter explores the secret policy introduced by the British Admiralty in 1911 to stamp out homoerotic practices in the Royal Navy. Homosexual acts were illegal in pre-First World War Britain ... More


The Three Bashaws

in The Vaccination Controversy: The Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310867
eISBN:
9781846314216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314216.008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, more popularly known as the New Poor Law. It then considers the impact of the 1840 bill, ‘An Act to Extend the Practice of ... More


A Competent and Energetic Officer

in The Vaccination Controversy: The Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310867
eISBN:
9781846314216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314216.009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the medical profession's push for compulsory vaccination. In July 1849 they inaugurated the Epidemiological Society of London. Numerous committees were set up, including the ... More


Bomber Command

in The Turnstone: A Doctor's Story

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237570
eISBN:
9781846314292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237570.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the author's military service during the war. In August 1943, he received his call-up papers to join the Royal Air Force (RAF) as a medical officer with the rank of flying ... More


The Turnstone: A Doctor's Story

Geoffrey Dean

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237570
eISBN:
9781846314292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314292
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is an account of more than sixty years of travel, medical research, and clinical practice. The author was born in Wales in 1918 and trained as a doctor in Liverpool before serving with ... More


Developing Burroughs Wellcome Alum-Toxoid

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter four suggests that although the practical application of anti-diphtheria immunization in Cork achieved good results, its success was qualified somewhat by the limitations of Burroughs ... More


Trial Day One: Friday, August 26, 1966

Peter H. Reid

in Every Hill a Burial Place: The Peace Corps Murder Trial in East Africa

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179988
eISBN:
9780813179995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179988.003.0021
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Judge Platt describes the trial procedure. Bill Kinsey enters his plea. Prosecutor Ededen Effiwat gives his opening statement. The prosecution’s medical expert Philip Mganga, the assistant medical ... More


Women, Sex, and Rural Life

Ann Goldberg

in Sex, Religion, and the Making of Modern Madness: The Eberbach Asylum and German Society 1815-1849

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195125818
eISBN:
9780197561348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195125818.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, History of Medicine

The making of nymphomaniacs occurred not only within the confines of the asylum walls, but in the wider social world that produced mental patients. Before incarceration, twenty-five of the ... More


Masturbatory Insanity and Delinquency

Ann Goldberg

in Sex, Religion, and the Making of Modern Madness: The Eberbach Asylum and German Society 1815-1849

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195125818
eISBN:
9780197561348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195125818.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, History of Medicine

As argued in chapter 4, masturbatory insanity was closely linked to male identity and contemporary notions of masculinity. An additional factor contributing to the obsessive focus of medical ... More


‘The Tower of Hunger’: August–November 1920

William Murphy

in Political Imprisonment and the Irish, 1912-1921

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199569076
eISBN:
9780191747373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569076.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter explores the hunger strikes at Cork and Brixton prisons that resulted in the deaths of Terence MacSwiney, Joseph Murphy, and Michael Fitzgerald in October 1920. The chapter also examines ... More


Jews and the Criminalization of Madness

Ann Goldberg

in Sex, Religion, and the Making of Modern Madness: The Eberbach Asylum and German Society 1815-1849

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195125818
eISBN:
9780197561348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195125818.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, History of Medicine

Distinctions between delinquency and illness were ill-defined and problematic, as we have seen in the case of the masturbator Johann A. And it was precisely in this vague grey zone between the two ... More


Doctors and Patients: The Practice(s) of Nymphomania

Ann Goldberg

in Sex, Religion, and the Making of Modern Madness: The Eberbach Asylum and German Society 1815-1849

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195125818
eISBN:
9780197561348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195125818.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, History of Medicine

The peasant Margaretha D., noted the asylum log, “often suffers from hysterical attacks, with which she wants to be treated like a distinguished lady . . . She raises herself above her social ... More


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