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Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Over the last several decades, advocates have championed a bewildering variety of methods for understanding and resolving difficult ethical problems in medicine, including principlism, wide ... More


From 1966 to 2005: Balancing Protection and Access in Pediatric Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the changes in policies regarding children in research between 1966 and 2003. It reviews Henry Beecher’s famous article, Ethics and Clinical Research, which described 22 ... More


Would Kant Say we should Respect Autonomy?

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The principle of respect for autonomy that is employed in medical ethics and other branches of applied ethics is widely taken to be a roughly Kantian principle, but there actually is no close ... More


Well-Mannered Medicine: Medical Ethics and Etiquette in Classical Ayurveda

Dagmar Wujastyk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199856268
eISBN:
9780199950560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856268.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

When is it right for a doctor to lie to a patient? What is more important: a patient's health, or his dignity? When should a patient refuse to follow the doctor's orders? What is acceptable medical ... More


Payment in Pediatric Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ethics of payment in pediatric research that does not offer the prospect of direct benefit (nontherapeutic research). It addresses the ethical objection that payment ... More


Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199739172
eISBN:
9780199918683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book challenges fundamental doctrines of established medical ethics. It is argued that the routine practice of stopping life support technology causes the death of patients and that donors of ... More


Feminism, Context, and Care

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Feminism is perhaps most commonly identified with a political goal: identifying and correcting conditions which contribute to the oppression of women, or of others more generally. But where there are ... More


Clinical Asthma Trials

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines four ethical issues raised by clinical asthma research involving children subjects: (1) to what extent are clinical asthma trials designed as placebo-controlled trials as ... More


Introduction

Dagmar Wujastyk

in Well-Mannered Medicine: Medical Ethics and Etiquette in Classical Ayurveda

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199856268
eISBN:
9780199950560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856268.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The introduction states the aim and scope of the book, the methodological approach, and introduces the questions that are examined in the following chapters. It includes a survey of literature on ... More


World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines the provisions of the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki, which was developed as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other ... More


Law and Bioethics: A Rights-Based Relationship and Its Troubling Implications

Daniel Sperling

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores the relationship between law and bioethics and calls for a careful evaluation of the law's contributions to bioethics. It argues that while the law contributed extensively to ... More


Bioethical Entanglements of Race, Religion, and AIDS

Michele Goodwin

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The domains of religious doctrine and practice provide ground for double bind analysis, particularly as applied to race, religion, and bioethics. In these spheres, reconciling church doctrine with ... More


Informed consent and public health

Onora O'Neill

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Medical ethics, as it has developed across the last twenty-five years, has concentrated almost entirely on clinical ethics. It has focussed on the ethically acceptable provision of healthcare to ... More


Consent to Clinical Research

Franklin G. Miller

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the scope and limits of consent to participate in research. Following discussion of a famous historical case of clinical research without informed consent, it examines the ... More


Doctoring Legal Ethics: Studies in Irony

Derek Morgan

in Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259312
eISBN:
9780191681936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259312.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter closes by asking whether medical ethics can throw light on legal ethics. The Age of Scepticism has led to a different, perhaps new and more urgent puzzlement about the nature and meaning ... More


Introduction and Overview

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to equip practitioners of broadly defined disciplines that affect health to understand how medical knowledge, ethics, and ... More


Consent to Medical Care: The Importance of Fiduciary Context

Steven Joffe and Robert D. Truog

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses three of the central challenges in the literature on informed consent to medical treatment. First, how does the nature of the physician-patient relationship, which establishes ... More


Virtue Theory

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses two roles for virtues in our bioethical thinking—as powers for knowing the right thing to do; and as dispositions which reflect the moral excellence of persons. The first role ... More


Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Robert Baker

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book narrates the history of American medical ethics from its colonial origins to current bioethical controversies over abortion, AIDS, animal rights, and physician-assisted suicide. The book ... More


Casuistry: Ruled by Cases

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

After rejecting several mistaken understandings of what “casuistry” denotes, I focus on a key defining feature– its reliance on analogy as a form of reasoning—and discuss arguments to be made on ... More


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