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Creating the System

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Scientific advance, technological achievement, and individual and collective professional ambition all played indispensable roles in the complex story of the creation of America's system of medical ... More


The Rise of Graduate Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the years following World War I, medical knowledge, techniques, and practices were growing and changing too rapidly. Even a superior experience in medical school could no longer prepare a person ... More


The Loss and Recovery of Medical Knowledge

Richard S. Weiss

in Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335231
eISBN:
9780199868803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335231.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

In Tamil-speaking south India, and in South Asia more generally, secrecy as a mode of disseminating knowledge has undergone a radical change in value, from its consideration as a moral duty that ... More


The Forgotten Medical Student

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

American medical schools of the 1960s were larger, more complex institutions than they had been a generation before. Indeed, they bore no more resemblance to pre-World War II medical schools than the ... More


Academic Health Centers Under Stress: Internal Dilemmas

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0015
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout its history, the American medical school, like the rest of the country's system of higher education, had been shaped by social, economic, and political developments in the larger society. ... More


Education and Careers

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Quakers founded their own schools to ensure that their children learned Quaker values and would not be contaminated by, say, Anglican principles. Science played a significant role in Quaker ... More


Teaching from the Crossroads:: On Religious Healing in African Diaspora Contexts in the Americas

Linda L. Barnes

in Teaching African American Religions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195167979
eISBN:
9780199784981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019516797X.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter proposes two ways to study religion and healing. The first outlines a program that involves an urban ethnographic study of culturally/religiously based approaches to healing in the ... More


Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book provides an account of American medical education in the 20th century, concluding with a call for the reformation of a system currently handicapped by managed care and by narrow, ... More


The American Medical School Between the World Wars

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Typically regarded as a quiet time in American medical education, the interwar period was in fact highly dynamic. Medical research advanced and medical schools grew in size, wealth, and complexity. ... More


A Second Revolutionary Period

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the 20th century was ending, a second revolutionary period in American medical education had begun. Major characteristics of this period included the erosion of the clinical learning environment, ... More


The Maturation of Graduate Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The explosion of knowledge in all academic disciplines after World War II shattered traditional approaches toward scholarship. Fragmentation of disciplines and academic specialization occurred ... More


Medical Education in an Era of Cost Containment and Managed Care

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the mid-1980s a new paradigm became accepted, which emphasized that there were limits to what the country could spend on health care, given the reality of finite resources in the face of a ... More


Academic Medical Centers and the Public

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Though medical schools and teaching hospitals were separate entities, they operated extremely closely, and their individual successes depended very much on their collaboration. In the late 1920s, the ... More


Medical Education in an Era of Protest and Civil Rights

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1960s and 1970s, America was rocked by social unrest, as the antiwar and civil rights movements tore at the fabric of American society. The passions, moral fervor, and discord swept through ... More


Women and Universities

R. D. Anderson

in European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206606
eISBN:
9780191717307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The admission of women to universities stretched over several decades. The process was determined by factors which included religion and the organization of girls' secondary education. The countries ... More


Recruitment, Education, and Training

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows that in the case of general practice education was a poor training for later professional survival, being geared toward the needs of specialists. This was because of the power of ... More


Teaching Hospitals

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

After World War I, teaching hospitals championed the same academic ideals as their affiliated medical schools, and the two institutions acted in concert in education, research, and patient care. The ... More


The Ascendancy of Research

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The ties formed between the federal government and academic medical centers during World War II irrevocably altered the scale of medical research in the United States. Over the next two decades, ... More


The Expansion of Clinical Service

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The expansion of clinical service in the two decades following World War II created strains within academic medical centers, largely because of the distractions that patient care inevitably placed on ... More


General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Irvine Loudon, John Horder, and Charles Webster (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book provides a history of general practice under the National Health Service, from 1948 to the present. Between them, the chapters cover all the main aspects of general practice, including ... More


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