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Toward a Sociology of Decision Making

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The book’s last chapter provides a more systematic presentation of the call for a sociology of decision-making in three interrelated ways. First, it formulates and schematically articulates how the ... More


The Scientific Management of Life—and Death: Part II

Simon Head

in The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179835
eISBN:
9780199850211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179835.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines managerial medicine's effort to standardize industrial engineering in hospitals, clinic and the doctor's office. Managerial medicine provides a long agenda for investigation. ... More


How Decisions Are Made

Neil J. Smelser and John S. Reed

in Usable Social Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273566
eISBN:
9780520954144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273566.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The social-scientific preoccupation with decision making is interpreted, in part, as reflecting an American cultural emphasis on instrumentalism. Its confusion of meanings as a distinct phenomenon is ... More


What Is Needed for Better Health Care: Better Systems, Better Patients or Both?

Markus A. Feufel, Gerd Antes, Johann Steurer, Gerd Gigerenzer, J. A. Muir Gray, Marjukka Mäkelä, Albert G. Mulley, David E. Nelson, Jay Schulkin, Holger Schünemann, John E. Wennberg, and Claudia Wild

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Patients’ health illiteracy is, in part, a consequence of how the health care system has been set up. Conversely, the flaws of the health care system and the interest groups it caters to can only ... More


Trust-Your-Doctor: A Simple Heuristic in Need of a Proper Social Environment

Odette Wegwarth and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Many health decisions appear so complex and inscrutable that laypersons may feel the best solution for making a right decision to be “trust your doctor.” Although applying this heuristic may have ... More


Making it Stick

Dennis Rosen

in Vital Conversations: Improving Communication Between Doctors and Patients

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164443
eISBN:
9780231538046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164443.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter identifies ways of improving physician–patient communication at a systems level, through the strategic use of medical decision-making aids, health-information technology, and better ... More


Law and Bioethics: Constructing the Inter-Discipline

Michael Freeman

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the roots of ethical thinking about medical decision-making. It then considers bioethical disputes and the value of law of bioethicists. It argues that when ... More


“Life”: Medical Decision-Making for Children

Samuel M. Davis

in Children's Rights Under and the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199795482
eISBN:
9780190259990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795482.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines the issue of the right to life, or medical decision-making for children. It shows that over last three decades the trend has been toward greater state involvement in the medical ... More


Evidencing Visuals

Christa Teston

in Bodies in Flux: Scientific Methods for Negotiating Medical Uncertainty

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226450520
eISBN:
9780226450834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450834.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Making disease visible is often the first step in mapping a plan for how to navigate medical uncertainty—especially when caring for patients with cancer. To better understand the backstage biomedical ... More


“I Would Rather Die than Live Like This”: When the Newly Disabled Refuse Life-Sustaining Treatment

Andrew M. Courtwright

in Disability in Practice: Attitudes, Policies, and Relationships

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198812876
eISBN:
9780191850660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812876.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The medical view of autonomous decision making (MVAD)—in which a patient’s decision-making capacity is evaluated according to his beliefs and understanding of his clinical situation and how his ... More


Weighing Lives

John Broome

in Weighing Lives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents examples of the practical problem of weighing lives, from medicine, global warming and elsewhere. It also sets out in general terms the theoretical problem that the book will ... More


Decision-Making with Planning

Amy Ziettlow and Naomi Cahn

in Homeward Bound: Modern Families, Elder Care, and Loss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190261092
eISBN:
9780190666590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190261092.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing, Marriage and the Family

Chapter 4 explores how family members assumed responsibilities as the primary decision-maker when the parent engaged in formal planning in advance. The primary decision-maker acts as a complement to, ... More


Evidence-Based Medicine as Empiric Medicine

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with an account of the development of the elements of evidence-based medicine: the randomized controlled trial, evidence hierarchies, meta-analysis, and systematic review. It ... More


cross-cultural issues and medical decision-making: worlds apart

maren grainger-monsen and stephen murphy-shigematsu

in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735365
eISBN:
9780190267520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735365.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the ethical issues raised by the documentary film Worlds Apart (2003). The film tells the story of four culturally diverse patients and families faced with critical medical ... More


life-prolonging treatment in minors: lorenzo’s oil

mark s. pian

in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735365
eISBN:
9780190267520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735365.003.0083
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The film Lorenzo's Oil (1993) tells the story of Lorenzo Odone and the struggle of his parents, Augusto (Nick Nolte) and Michaela (Susan Sarandon), to find an effective treatment for his progressive ... More


Looking Back and Looking Forward

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio

in Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226428918
eISBN:
9780226428932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.003.0163
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter discusses the evolution of the new style of practice, for instance, its incorporation of molecular practices via comparative effectiveness research (CER). It considers the ... More


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