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Chapter Chapter Risk‐Sharing in Retiree Medical Benefits

George Wagoner, Anna Rappaport, Brian Fuller, and Frank Yeager

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The increase in both retiree medical care expenditures and the retired fraction of the population has put pressure on retiree health care insurance providers. This chapter assesses future prospects ... More


Justice Across the Spheres

Amy Gutmann

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Amy Gutmann argues that a just society could not, pace Michael Walzer, distribute social goods in accordance with the standards of complex equality. To support this view, Gutmann points to conflicts ... More


The Dangers of the Market Panacea

Mark Schlesinger

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the emergence of market ideology and how it has reshaped understanding of the nature and import of inequality within the American health-care system. It describes four changes ... More


How Market Ideology Guarantees Racial Inequality

Deborah Stone

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on racial disparities in health care. It shows how certain principles of political organization in culture in the United States perpetuate racial disparities. The chapter ... More


The Expansion of Clinical Service

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The expansion of clinical service in the two decades following World War II created strains within academic medical centers, largely because of the distractions that patient care inevitably placed on ... More


The American Medical School Between the World Wars

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Typically regarded as a quiet time in American medical education, the interwar period was in fact highly dynamic. Medical research advanced and medical schools grew in size, wealth, and complexity. ... More


Changing Palliative Care Practice in Academic Medical Centers

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter reviews the barriers and opportunities to changing end-of-life care within the medical school environment. The academic medical center represents the pinnacle of modern medical ... More


Universal Medical Care and Health Inequalities: Right Objectives, Insufficient Tools

Noralou P. Roos, Marni Brownell, and Verena Menec

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter aims to answer the question: What role does medical care play in determining population health? The Canadian health care system, with its universal medical care coverage, provides an ... More


Caring and curing

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1991 commentary on the costs of medical care. It addresses the question: Can we afford miracle medicine's full cost, given that it involves an enormous outlay of community ... More


Economic Impact of Cancer in the United States

MARTIN L. BROWN and K. ROBIN YABROFF

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the economic impact of cancer in the United States. Three categories of cost domains are identified: direct costs, resulting from the use of resources for medical care; ... More


On the Take: How Medicine's Complicity with Big Business Can Endanger Your Health

Jerome P. Kassirer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195300048
eISBN:
9780199850518
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300048.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

We all know that doctors accept gifts from drug companies, ranging from pens and coffee mugs to free vacations at luxurious resorts. But as this book exposes, these innocuous-seeming gifts are just ... More


Health

John Knight and Lina Song

in The Rural-Urban Divide: Economic Disparities and Interactions in China

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293309
eISBN:
9780191684975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293309.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter states that the fulfilment of such basic needs such as freedom from illness, malnutrition, and premature death may well be correlated with income, but that this relationship is unlikely ... More


Everyday Consumables

Jane Whittle and Elizabeth Griffiths

in Consumption and Gender in the Early Seventeenth-Century Household: The World of Alice Le Strange

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199233533
eISBN:
9780191739330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233533.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Food and other household consumables such as cleaning products and fuel have been neglected in the history of consumption. The Le Strange accounts include kitchen accounts which record the food ... More


Teaching Hospitals and the Urban Poor

Eli Ginzberg

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300082326
eISBN:
9780300133011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300082326.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Academic health centers (AHCs) have played a key role in propelling the United States to world leadership in technological advances in medicine. At the same time, however, many of these urban-based ... More


World War II and Medical Education

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Medical schools had long been responsible for the quality of care rendered civilians, but during World War II they took direct responsibility for the military's medical care as well. The proportion ... More


Shopping Mall Medicine

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on what New York Times reporter Milt Freudenheim called “shopping mall medicine,” dedicated to providing quick and convenient service to patients every day of the week. It traces ... More


Financing an Expanding System of Medical Care: The Colonial State and Its Critics, c. 1890–1920

Samiksha Sehrawat

in Colonial Medical Care in North India: Gender, State, and Society, c. 1830-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198096603
eISBN:
9780199082773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096603.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter charts the growth and expansion of public medical infrastructure between 1880 and 1920. The number of hospitals and dispensaries increased dramatically over the twentieth century as did ... More


Zenana Medical Care: The Dufferin Fund, the Colonial State, and Female Medical Experts

Samiksha Sehrawat

in Colonial Medical Care in North India: Gender, State, and Society, c. 1830-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198096603
eISBN:
9780199082773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096603.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the role of gender in shaping medical care for women in India. Orientalist essentializations about native women were reiterated in the construction of the zenana patient, whose ... More


Price Indexes for Medical Care Goods and Services: An Overview of Measurement Issues

Ernst R. Berndt, David M. Cutler, Richard G. Frank, Zvi Griliches, Joseph P. Newhouse, and Jack E. Triplett

in Medical Care Output and Productivity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226132266
eISBN:
9780226132303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226132303.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The measurement of the output of the medical care system is necessary to assess the productivity levels and growth of a country's economy and medical care system. Medical price indexes have uses ... More


The Roles and Ethical Dilemmas for Military Medical Care Workers

Victor W. Sidel and Barry S. Levy

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the roles and ethical dilemmas for military medical care workers, including obligations to enhance military strength versus obligations to meet the needs of individual military ... More


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