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Introduction

E. Philip Davis

in Pension Funds: Retirement-Income Security and Capital Markets: An International Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198293040
eISBN:
9780191684944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293040.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

Because of lower fertility and the various advances in terms of medicine, the number of people over 60 will have raisen from 500 million in 1990 to about 1.4 billion in 2030. If seen on a global ... More


Are Baby Boomers Living Well Longer?

Brigitte Madrian, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Beth J. Soldo

in Redefining Retirement: How Will Boomers Fare?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199230778
eISBN:
9780191710971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230778.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter uses the Health and Retirement Study to describe the relationship between work and health for older persons by age. It examines patterns within a given cross-section and also trends in ... More


Conceptions of Risk: Legal and Medical Interventions against Pregnant Women

Linda C. Fentiman

in Blaming Mothers: American Law and the Risks to Children's Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780814724828
eISBN:
9780814770290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724828.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter addresses the intense surveillance placed upon American women during pregnancy. Given the dynamic connections between medical, media, and political attitudes toward pregnancy and a view ... More


Evidence-Based Medicine

John S. Haller

in Shadow Medicine: The Placebo in Conventional and Alternative Therapies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169042
eISBN:
9780231537704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169042.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter recounts the emergence of orthodox medicine. Medical care and medical education emerged as a scientific enterprise in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, with the help of the ... More


Introduction

David A. Wise

David M. Cutler (ed.)

in Health at Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of Declining Disability Among the Elderly

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226132310
eISBN:
9780226132327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226132327.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This book deals with the various research methods, data sources, and definitions of work disability and study populations. The first section examines the long-term historical changes in health and ... More


Measuring the Gains from Medical Research: An Economic Approach

Kevin M. Murphy and Robert H. Topel (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226551784
eISBN:
9780226551791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551791.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In 1998, health expenditures in the United States accounted for 12.9 percent of national income—the highest share of income devoted to health in the developed world. The United States also spends ... More


Clinical Obesity and Everyday Obesity

Georges Vigarello

in The Metamorphoses of Fat: A History of Obesity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159760
eISBN:
9780231535304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159760.003.0017
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter discusses changing perceptions of bodily forms in the second half of the nineteenth century. These perceptions were influenced by the ascendancy of “free time,” the revolutionary changes ... More


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