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How Votes Are Counted

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Voting rules producing a single absolute winner include unanimity, majority, and plurality rules. Multiple winners are created, in contrast, by electoral systems of proportional representation and ... More


Fluctuating Political Forces

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political variables (median voter and median parliamentary, government and ministry positions) change more radically and more quickly than policy outputs. This accounts for the lack of relationships ... More


Representing the Median Voter

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter performs a static analysis of correspondences between median voter, Parliamentary median, and government preferences by individual government and election. Distortions are widespread but ... More


Politics and Policy Regimes: Setting a Long‐Term Equilibrium

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter clinches the previous analysis by linking equilibria on both sides, (politics and policy) showing that they correspond closely. Broadly speaking, political preferences are transmitted ... More


Mandates Without Obvious Majorities?

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The government mandate in its full form fails descriptively because few spontaneous majorities form in support of one party, and there is no guarantee that the plurality party is not actually opposed ... More


Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Ian Budge, Michael McDonald, Paul Pennings, and Hans Keman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This venture into democratic theory offers a new and reinvigorating thesis on how democracy delivers on its promise of public control over public policy. In theory, popular control could be achieved ... More


The Centre, Downs, and New Labour

Andrew Hindmoor

in New Labour at the Centre: Constructing Political Space

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199273140
eISBN:
9780191601897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273146.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The median voter theorem states that political parties will move to the electoral centre to maximise their vote. This theorem has been routinely linked to Downs and An Economic Theory of Democracy. ... More


Electoral Supply, Median Voters, and Feelings of Representation in Democracies *

Christopher J. Anderson

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the determinants of feelings of electoral representation in cross-national perspective. Based on CSES data from thirty-four democracies around the world, it argues that a ... More


Political Activism and Electoral Democracy: Perspectives on Economic Inequality and Political Polarization

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter uses evidence about political activity to shed light on two puzzles. First, the chapter considers why, in a two-party system with equal voting, contrary to the logic of the median voter ... More


Communicating Preferences: The Public Policy Space

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

For democracy to work, politicians and electors have to see the world in the same party–related terms. Evidence is cited from both surveys and party programmes to show this must be the Left–Right ... More


Research Questions for Comparative Investigation

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the data and the way thse are deployed operationally in the subsequent analysis. The data falls into three main categories: aggregate voting results for post-war national ... More


Introduction

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Introduces basic concepts of social choice. Describes the median voter theorem for one issue dimension, and its chaotic failure in more than one. It explains what rhetoric and heresthetics are, also ... More


The elites–masses gap in European integration

Wolfgang C. Müller, Marcelo Jenny, and Alejandro Ecker

in The Europe of Elites: A Study into the Europeanness of Europe's Political and Economic Elites

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602315
eISBN:
9780191738951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602315.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

The chapter makes one conceptual and one empirical contribution to the study of the elite–masses gap in European integration. While most research focuses on substantive representation of voter ... More


Political Economy: Downsian Perspectives

Bernard Grofman

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Defends Down's three main arguments in An Economic Theory of Democracy. These three arguments relate to the costs associated with voting and rational non‐voting, party competition costs of attempting ... More


Citizen Preferences and Public Policy

Ian Budge, Hans Keman, Michael McDonald, and Paul Pennings

in Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Average citizen positions are almost identical to average voter positions over the long run. This chapter offers a spatial view of how public policy, as measured through government expenditure, ... More


The Political Economy of Skilled Immigration

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This chapter analyses the drivers of individual attitudes towards skilled immigration, looking at how preferences towards overall and skilled immigration change depending on the relative skill ... More


Politics and Social Choice

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Social choice theory helps to design a research strategy. Three institutional variables producing different degrees of stability and different amounts of social utility are: (1) the dispersion of ... More


Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Iain McLean

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

A study of rhetoric and manipulation (otherwise known as heresthetics). Rhetoric is the art of making people believe that the world is as you say it is. A recent example is Margaret Thatcher's claim ... More


Collective Choice and Voting

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter begins with a brief voting discussion and then presents a problem and explanation from Schelling's course. It looks at sincere and strategic voting, the idea of a secret ballot, selling ... More


Wage Rigidity and Social Cohesion

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

We study the effect of rigidity when there exists a redistributive system. We show that rigidity reduces redistributive pressure by bringing the median income closer to the mean. Consequently, it is ... More


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