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Architectonic structure of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex

Joseph L. Price

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter describes the structural organization of the orbital cortex (OFC), together with the medial prefrontal cortex. It reviews previous areal maps of this cortex, and provides a description of ... More


The social–subjective memory system of hominins

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

As the granular prefrontal cortex expanded during hominin evolution, new and higher levels of hierarchy emerged. According to our proposal, these new hierarchical levels supported species-specific ... More


A Comparative Perspective on Executive and Motivational Control by the Medial Prefrontal Cortex

Mark Laubach

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter highlights recent efforts in studying the functional significance of a rodent’s medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) with regard to cognitive and motivational control. It describes the ... More


The Frontal Lobes and Mental State Attribution

R. Shayna Rosenbaum and Jennifer S. Rabin

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0035
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Inferring what other people are thinking or feeling appears effortless. It is becoming increasingly clear that this “theory of mind” (ToM) that humans possess engages separable cognitive and ... More


Locating and Constructing Subjective Value in the Front of the Brain

Paul W. Glimcher

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744251
eISBN:
9780199863433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744251.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter shows that many areas contribute specialized input to the core valuation circuits of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and the striatum. Current data identifies at least five of these ... More


The Parental Brain in Humans

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 8 reviews the human parental brain. Most functional magnetic resonance imaging research has examined the maternal brain, with some research on the paternal brain. Although woman show ... More


Trauma, Learned Helplessness, Its Neuroscience, and Implications for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Vincent M. LoLordo and J. Bruce Overmier

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Forty years ago it was discovered that animals that had previously experienced inescapable aversive events, but not ones that had learned to escape these events, subsequently failed to learn to ... More


Perceiving Humanity or Not: A Social Neuroscience Approach to Dehumanized Perception

Lasana T. Harris and Susan T. Fiske

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Social neuroscience can be used to understand dehumanized perception, a failure to think about another person's mind (mentalizing). This extreme form of prejudice entails perceiving a person as less ... More


Understanding emotional and cognitive empathy: A neuropsychological perspective

Anat Perry and Simone Shamay-Tsoory

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Empathy is a broad concept that refers to the cognitive as well as the emotional reactions of one individual to the observed experiences of another. Questions regarding how we understand others have ... More


Culture, Self, and Brain: Sociocultural Influences on Neurocognitive Processes of the Self

Shihui Han

in Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458850
eISBN:
9780190465629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458850.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Human behaviors vary remarkably across cultures and are strongly influenced by how people think about the self in relation to others. The research on cultural differences in neurocognitive ... More


Development of the Parental Brain in Nonhuman Mammals

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 9 examines the development of the parental brain in animals, emphasizing that the way a mother treats her offspring affects their brain development and their subsequent maternal behavior, ... More


Development of the Parental Brain in Humans

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 10 deals with the development of the parental brain in humans, emphasizing experiential influences on the intergenerational continuity of maternal behavior: A history of experiencing ... More


Cultural differences in neurocognitive processing of the self

Shihui Han

in The Sociocultural Brain: A Cultural Neuroscience Approach to Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198743194
eISBN:
9780191840210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743194.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 4 examines the difference in self-concept proposed by philosophers and psychologists in Western and East Asian cultures. It then introduces a dominant theoretical framework of cultural ... More


Role of Estrogens in Addiction-Related Learning

Hanna Yousuf

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Females exhibit more vulnerability to cocaine abuse compared to males. Sexually dimorphic patterns of cocaine seeking have been observed in both humans and rodents during the different stages of the ... More


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