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Mechanisms are real and local

Phyllis McKay Illari and Jon Williamson

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0038
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Mechanisms have become much‐discussed, yet there is still no consensus on how to characterize them. This chapter starts with something everyone is agreed on–that mechanisms explain–and investigate ... More


Turing machines and causal mechanisms in cognitive science

Lappi Otto and Anna‐Mari Rusanen

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

A body of recent literature has proposed that explanation in neurosciences, including cognitive neuroscience, is mechanistic. It has also been argued that the mechanistic model could be extended to ... More


Explanation: Mechanistic and Otherwise

Stuart Glennan

in The New Mechanical Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198779711
eISBN:
9780191824746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779711.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter offers an abstract account of explanation as such, arguing that explanations involve the construction of models that always show what the targets of explanation depend upon ... More


The Shift to Mechanistic Explanation and Classification

Kelso Cratsley

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Despite widespread recognition that psychiatry would be better served by a classificatory system based on etiology rather than mere description, it goes without saying that much of the necessary work ... More


From Functional Analysis to Mechanistic Explanation

Gualtiero Piccinini

in Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199658855
eISBN:
9780191748158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658855.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that traditional accounts of functional analysis suffer from two problems: they explicate functional analysis in terms of computation (whereas it should be the other way around) ... More


Neural Computation, Multiple Realizability, and the Prospects for Mechanistic Explanation

David M. Kaplan

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There is an ongoing philosophical and scientific debate concerning the nature of computational explanation in the neurosciences. Recently, some have cited modeling work involving so-called canonical ... More


Teleology in Spinoza and Early Modern Rationalism

Don Garrett

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter seeks to establish (1) that Spinoza accepts the legitimacy of many teleological explanations; (2) that in two important respects, Leibniz's view of teleology is not more, and perhaps ... More


Enriching the Strategies for Creating Mechanistic Explanations in Biology

William Bechtel

in Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's "General Cytology"

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226520483
eISBN:
9780226520650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520650.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

To demonstrate that a proposed mechanism can explain a phenomenon, biologists must recompose the mechanism. Traditionally they have relied on mentally rehearsing the operations, often aided by a ... More


Mechanistic versus Functional Understanding

Tania Lombrozo and Daniel Wilkenfeld

in Varieties of Understanding: New Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190860974
eISBN:
9780190861001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190860974.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many natural and artificial entities can be predicted and explained both mechanistically, in term of parts and proximate causal processes, as well as functionally, in terms of functions and goals. Do ... More


Integrating Mind and Brain Science: A Field Guide

David M. Kaplan

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There is growing appreciation that understanding the complex relationship between neuroscience and psychological science is of fundamental importance to achieving progress across these scientific ... More


The Development and Application of Efficient Coding Explanation in Neuroscience

Mazviita Chirimuuta

in Explanation Beyond Causation: Philosophical Perspectives on Non-Causal Explanations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198777946
eISBN:
9780191823404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777946.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the philosophy of neuroscience, much attention has been paid to mechanistic causal explanations, both in terms of their theoretical virtues, and their application in potential therapeutic ... More


Explanatory Understanding: A Plurality of Models

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the philosophical debate on scientific explanation from the perspective of the understanding question. Since the 1950s, explanation has been a central topic of discussion among ... More


Literalism and Mechanistic Explanation

Carrie Figdor

in Pieces of Mind: The Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809524
eISBN:
9780191846861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809524.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Chapters 8 and 9 present objections to Literalism inspired by its implications. Chapter 8 presents the homuncular functionalist view of psychological explanation, which holds that in order to ... More


Neuroscience, Psychology, Reduction, and Functional Analysis

Martin Roth and Robert Cummins

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The pressure for reduction in science is an artifact of what we call the nomic conception of science (NCS): the idea that the content of science is a collection of laws, together with the ... More


Evo-Devo and the Structure(s) of Evolutionary Theory: A Different Kind of Challenge

Alan C. Love

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Many researchers have argued that evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) constitutes a challenge to standard evolutionary theory, requiring the explicit inclusion of developmental processes ... More


Are Humans Intuitive Philosophers?

Steven Sloman, Jeffrey C. Zemla, David Lagnado, Christos Bechlivanidis, and Babak Hemmatian

in Varieties of Understanding: New Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190860974
eISBN:
9780190861001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190860974.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the criteria that people use to evaluate everyday explanations? This chapter focuses on simplicity, coherence, and unification. It considers various operationalizations of each construct ... More


Ungrounded Dispositions

Jennifer McKitrick

in Dispositional Pluralism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198717805
eISBN:
9780191787317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717805.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Some dispositions have causal bases or grounding properties. However, ungrounded dispositions do not have causal bases. Ungrounded dispositions are also known as powers, baseless dispositions, and ... More


Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's "General Cytology"

Karl S. Matlin, Jane Maienschein, and Manfred D. Laubichler (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226520483
eISBN:
9780226520650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520650.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Although cell biology is often considered to have arisen following World War II in tandem with certain technological developments—in particular, the electron microscope and cell fractionation—its ... More


Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

David M. Kaplan (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

While it has long been a topic of discussion among philosophers and scientists alike, there is growing appreciation that understanding the complex relationship between neuroscience and psychological ... More


Epilogue: Missing Information?

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

in Evolving Enactivism: Basic Minds Meet Content

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036115
eISBN:
9780262339773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036115.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The epilogue takes a last look at the possibility that REC may be leaving out something explanatorily important because it says nothing about how the brain processes informational content. Focusing ... More


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