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The Mechanical, the Historical, and the Statistical

John J. McDermott (ed.)

in The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II: Logic, Loyalty, and Community

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823224845
eISBN:
9780823284894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823224845.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter begins by describing vitalism and materialism. The name “vitalism” is often given to those doctrines which have used the hypothesis that the phenomena of living organisms are due to some ... More


Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors: Bulk and Microstructures

P. K. Basu

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526209
eISBN:
9780191706790
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526209.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Semiconductor optoelectronic devices are at the heart of all information generation and processing systems and are likely to be essential components of future optical computers. With more emphasis on ... More


Robert Boyle’s Corpuscular Chemistry: Atomism before Its Time

Alan Chalmers

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

In her important and pioneering work on Robert Boyle’s contributions to chemistry Marie Boas Hall (Boas 1958; and Hall 1965, 81–93) portrayed Boyle’s advances as being tied up with and facilitated ... More


Metallic Compounds

Mark Ladd

in Bonding, Structure and Solid-State Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198729945
eISBN:
9780191818783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729945.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 5 is devoted to the properties of the metallic bond and semiconductors. The Drude–Lorentz free-electron model is discussed together with its applications. The Hall effect demonstrates the ... More


Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The methods of coupled quantum field theory, which had great initial success in relativistic elementary particle physics and have subsequently played a major role in the extensive development of ... More


Heat: the missing piece to the puzzle

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Historians explore the various theories of heat and the invention of the thermometer that eventually served to quantify the energy related to heat.


Caloric theory: beginning of its end

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The early 1800s provided new evidence challenging the caloric theory when Rumford bored a cannon and boiled water, Davy melted ice by using friction, and Young made the connection between light and ... More


Energy: science (and some history)

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Energy lies at the core of the first law of thermodynamics as a concept to quantify change. Events happen but total energy remains the same. It’s the change in energy that matters. The realization ... More


Quantum Mechanical Ensemble Averages and Statistical Thermodynamics

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 6 introduces quantum-mechanical ensemble theory by proving the asymptotic equivalence of the quantum-mechanical, microcanonical ensemble average with the quantum grand canonical ensemble ... More


How Symbolic and Iconic Languages Bridge the Two Worlds of the Chemist: A Case Study From Contemporary Bioorganic Chemistry

Emily R. Grosholz and Roald Hoffmann

in Of Minds and Molecules: New Philosophical Perspectives on Chemistry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128345
eISBN:
9780197561416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128345.003.0023
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

Chemists move habitually and with credible success—if sometimes unreflectively—between two worlds. One is the laboratory, with its macroscopic powders, crystals, solutions, and intractable sludge, ... More


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