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First Thoughts

Daniel Garber

in Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566648
eISBN:
9780191722035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566648.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter begins with Leibniz's early views, examining his first thoughts about the physical world, deeply inspired by the physics of Thomas Hobbes, and how they fit into his early concerns about ... More


Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Catherine Wilson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book examines the role played by the rediscovery of the writings of the ancient atomists — the Greek philosopher Epicurus and his Latin successor, Titus Carus Lucretius — in the articulation of ... More


Platonism in early modern natural philosophy:: The case of Leibniz and Conway

Christia Mercer

in Neoplatonism and the Philosophy of Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693719
eISBN:
9780191739019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693719.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Platonism played a much more significant part in the development of the new natural philosophy in the seventeenth century than has generally been understood. This paper displays the crucial role that ... More


The idea of mechanism

Stathis Psillos

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0036
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter disentangles two ideas of mechanism and point to the key problems they face. Section 36.2 offers an outline of the mechanical conception of mechanism, as this was introduced in the ... More


Boyle, Sennert, and the Mechanical Philosophy

in Atoms and Alchemy: Chymistry and the Experimental Origins of the Scientific Revolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226576961
eISBN:
9780226577036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577036.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The matter-theory of the physicist refers to the very corpuscularian philosophy to which Boyle devoted his life's work, the explanation of phenomena in terms of matter and motion at the microlevel. ... More


Christiaan Huygens: A Great Natural Philosopher Who Measured Gravity and an Illuminating Foil for Newton on Method

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I gives background on Huygens’ theory-mediated measurement of gravity. It reviews his reaction to differing pendulum measurements from different latitudes and his application of rotation to give ... More


Descartes's Physics and Descartes's Mechanics: Chicken and Egg?

Alan Gabbey

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses various bases of mechanical philosophy generally known as virtual work, virtual speeds, and explanations why some machines can lift heavy loads with small force. This chapter ... More


Chemical Philosophy vs. Rationalistic Mechanicism: The Heuristic Limits of Cartesianism for Chemistry

Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino

in The Chemical Philosophy of Robert Boyle: Mechanicism, Chymical Atoms, and Emergence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780197502501
eISBN:
9780197502532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502501.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the mechanical philosophy as it relates to early modern chemistry and chemical philosophy. The chapter begins by addressing the Cartesian rejection of Scholastic substantial ... More


Early Modern Models of Reality in Science and Religion

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Modem science has gradually produced a new model of the universe and how that universe operates, at model partly at odds with traditional Western religious belief, though it has contributed to some ... More


Introduction

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of radical thought in the Early Enlightenment. It argues that Europe's war of philosophies during the Early Enlightenment down to 1750 was never ... More


From Curious to Ingenious Knowledge

Hjalmar Fors

in The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the influence of mechanical philosophy on chymistry during the first half of the eighteenth century. The first section of the chapter discusses the journey to England of ... More


Tychism & Evolution

Vincent G. Potter

in Charles S. Peirce: On Norms and Ideals

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823217090
eISBN:
9780823284733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823217090.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This concluding chapter looks at Charles S. Pierce's remark that Charles Darwin's ideas must inevitably kill mechanical philosophy. According to him, Darwin's theory—nourished by positive ... More


Suárez’s Last Stand for the Substantial Form

Helen Hattab

in The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583645
eISBN:
9780191738456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this essay Suárez’s defense of the scholastic doctrine of substantial forms is critically examined. Suárez’s innovative solution to the problem of the eduction of form from matter during ... More


Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation

Patrick Carroll

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247536
eISBN:
9780520932807
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247536.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This study explores the profound relationship between science and government to present a new understanding of modern state formation. Beginning with the experimental science of Robert Boyle in ... More


What Is the New Mechanical Philosophy?

Stuart Glennan

in The New Mechanical Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198779711
eISBN:
9780191824746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779711.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the New Mechanical Philosophy and situates it within the history of science and its philosophy. The New Mechanism is an extension and revision of older mechanical ... More


Richard Baxter as Philosophical Theologian

David S. Sytsma

in Richard Baxter and the Mechanical Philosophers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190274870
eISBN:
9780190274894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274870.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues for Baxter’s importance as a theologian engaged with philosophy. Although Baxter is largely known today as a practical theologian, he also excelled in knowledge of the scholastics ... More


Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Hume's Skepticism and Naturalism concerning Knowledge and Causation

Graciela De Pierris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716785
eISBN:
9780191785368
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716785.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book reorients our understanding of Hume’s skepticism and naturalism with a new account of Hume’s transformation of the tradition inherited from Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, and Newton. Hume’s ... More


The Supernatural, Science and ‘Atheism’

Michael Hunter

in The Decline of Magic: Britain in the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300243581
eISBN:
9780300249460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243581.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This introductory chapter explores the Scientific Revolution and its relationship with the supernatural, as well as the significance of atheism. It identifies two developments in the Scientific ... More


Suárez on Propinquity and the Efficient Cause

Dennis Des Chene

in The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583645
eISBN:
9780191738456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This essay explores Suárez’s commitment to the important causal principle of propinquity or spatial contiguity. Like many, Suárez accepted the principle of no action at a distance. It is argued that ... More


Germination: Ramism, Artisanal Learning, and the Mechanical Philosophy,1618–1639

Howard Hotson

in The Reformation of Common Learning: Post-Ramist Method and the Reception of the New Philosophy, 1618 - 1670

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780199553389
eISBN:
9780191898440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199553389.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Decades ago, Walter Ong intuited a powerful link between the advent of printing with moveable type, the subsequent spatialization of discourse most strikingly evident in Ramism, and the corpuscular, ... More


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