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Counterintuitive Images and the Mechanical Arts

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter focuses on counterintuitive images and the mechanical arts. For much of their early prehistory, the relationship of composite figures, including animals, to humans was largely one of ... More


The Discourse of Ars in the Latin Middle Ages

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Most medieval authors maintained Aristotle’s distinction between philosophical and productive knowledge, episteme and techne, liberal and mechanical arts. The concept of mechanical arts first arose ... More


Introduction: Savants, Artisans, Artistes

Paola Bertucci

in Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This introductory chapter focuses on the artiste to explain the relationship among science, the mechanical arts, and the state in Old Regime France. Its main chronological arc is between the ... More


Lost Knowledge and the History of the Arts

Paola Bertucci

in Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter situates the emergence of the projects on the “history of the arts” in the political and cultural contexts of the 1660s, particularly with respect to the memorandum on trade that Colbert ... More


L’Esprit in the Machine

Paola Bertucci

in Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the role of the mechanical arts in the articulation of educational programs and of projects of reform of the manufacturing system. It shows that around the 1730s, mechanical ... More


Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Paola Bertucci

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

What would the Enlightenment look like from the perspective of artistes, the learned artisans with esprit, who presented themselves in contrast to philosophers, savants, and routine-bound craftsmen? ... More


Epilogue

Paola Bertucci

in Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This concluding chapter explains that by focusing on the artiste, the study has uncovered the heterogeneous interests that gravitated around the mechanical arts in the years between the foundation of ... More


Theory, Practice, Improvement

Paola Bertucci

in Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter talks about early attempts to constitute associations dedicated to the improvement of the mechanical arts, casting light in particular on the earlier, little-known Société des Arts ... More


Réaumur and the Science of the Arts

Paola Bertucci

in Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227413
eISBN:
9780300231625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227413.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter looks at the connections between natural history and the mechanical arts in the work of René Réaumur, a prominent member of the Académie des Sciences. It argues that his understanding of ... More


Epilogue: The Rude Fantasticals

Suparna Roychoudhury

in Phantasmatic Shakespeare: Imagination in the Age of Early Modern Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501726552
eISBN:
9781501726569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501726552.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Why has Shakespeare’s sensitivity to the cognitive discourse of imagination not been noticed before? In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Theseus’ speech on imagination is followed by the play-within-play ... More


Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Eric Schatzberg

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In modern life, technology is everywhere. Yet as a concept, technology is a mess. In popular discourse, technology is little more than the latest digital innovations. Scholars do little better, ... More


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