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Measurement as Representation: 1. The Physical Correlate

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores measurement ‘from above’: that is, looking for a view that we can have after the measurement procedures, concepts, and theories have stabilized. This resting point in the ... More


Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

William L. Harper

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines Newton’s argument for universal gravity and his application of it to resolve the problem of deciding between geocentric and heliocentric world systems by measuring masses of the ... More


Foundations of a Measurement‐Theoretic Account of the Attitudes

Robert J. Matthews

in The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and their Attribution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199211258
eISBN:
9780191705724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211258.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a brief introduction to the numerical measurement theory upon which the ‘measurement-theoretic’ account of the attitudes will be modeled. Topics covered include the ... More


Christiaan Huygens: A Great Natural Philosopher Who Measured Gravity and an Illuminating Foil for Newton on Method

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I gives background on Huygens’ theory-mediated measurement of gravity. It reviews his reaction to differing pendulum measurements from different latitudes and his application of rotation to give ... More


Generalization by Induction (Propositions 5 and 6 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I is devoted to Newton’s argument for proposition 5 and his important Rule 4 for reasoning in natural philosophy. Rule 4 is a very informative characterization of theory acceptance for Newton ... More


Measurement Theory

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews measurement theory in quantum mechanics. The measurement prescription in quantum mechanics can be stated in a few lines and has found an enormous range of applications, in all of ... More


Indeterminacy

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Takes up the question of the indeterminacy of interpretation, according to which there is no unique correct interpretation theory for another speaker. Argues that indeterminacy cannot be made sense ... More


Quantum Mechanics

P.J.E. Peebles

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book explains the often counterintuitive physics of quantum mechanics, unlocking this key area of physics for students by enabling them to work through detailed applications of general concepts ... More


Measurement

Marcel Boumans

in Science Outside the Laboratory: Measurement in Field Science and Economics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199388288
eISBN:
9780199388318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the development of the theory of measurement from a classical physics-based theory of measurement to the representational theory of measurement, which is more appropriate for ... More


Metrological Naturalism and ADT

Kevin Scharp

in Replacing Truth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653850
eISBN:
9780191760631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653850.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains how the axiomatic theory of ascending truth and descending truth (ADT) from Chapter 6 is to be interpreted. The chapter favors Donald Davidson's strategy of using measurement ... More


From Utility Measurement to the Representational Theory of Measurement: The Case of Suppes, 1950–1970

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter 15 offers a conclusion to the history of measurement theory by reconstructing the origins of the representational theory of measurement in the early work of Patrick Suppes. In particular, the ... More


Modern Measurement

Louis Narens and Brian Skyrms

in The Pursuit of Happiness: Philosophical and Psychological Foundations of Utility

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198856450
eISBN:
9780191889721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856450.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Extensive measurement from Helmholtz and Holder is the standard physical account. It gives a ratio scale. Stevens introduces interval and ordinal scales. Scott and Suppes give a representational ... More


Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Ivan Moscati

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The book reconstructs the history of utility measurement in economics, from the marginal revolution of the 1870s to the beginning of behavioral economics in the mid-1980s. Part I covers 1870–1910 and ... More


Prologue

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The prologue outlines the main passages in the history of utility measurement in economics and presents the four main goals of the book. First, the book reconstructs in detail economists’ ideas and ... More


The Expected Utility Theory and Measurement Theory of von Neumann and Morgenstern, 1944–1947

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter 9 discusses the axiomatic version of expected utility theory (EUT), a theory of decision-making under risk, put forward by John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern in their book Theory of Games ... More


Our Initial Issues, Revisited

George E. Smith and Raghav Seth

in Brownian Motion and Molecular Reality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190098025
eISBN:
9780190098056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098025.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In addition to giving summary answers to the two issues singled out in Chapter 1—concerning (1) what Perrin established about Brownian motion itself and (2) how the standing of molecular theory ... More


Introduction

George E. Smith and Raghav Seth

in Brownian Motion and Molecular Reality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190098025
eISBN:
9780190098056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098025.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Lore has it that research on Brownian motion, spearheaded on the theoretical side by Albert Einstein, but then strongly supported by Jean Perrin’s experimental efforts, finally ended the controversy ... More


Postscript on the Realism-Instrumentalism Debate

George E. Smith and Raghav Seth

in Brownian Motion and Molecular Reality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190098025
eISBN:
9780190098056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098025.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The body of the monograph has throughout skirted around the philosophic literature comprising the “realist-instrumentalist” debate. This Postscript does not take sides in this debate, but offers ... More


Scaling

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The goal of visual psychophysics is the quantification of perceptual experience—understanding the relationship between the external stimulus, the internal representation, and the overt responses. ... More


Measurement theory and the typology of scales

Daniel Lassiter

in Graded Modality: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198701347
eISBN:
9780191770616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198701347.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Computational Linguistics

Most previous work on graded modality has relied on qualitative orderings, rather than degree semantics. This chapter introduces Representational Theory of Measurement (RTM), a framework which makes ... More


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