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Universal to Selective

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The principle of universalism in the allocation of social benefits, that is the availability of social benefits to everyone as of right, is contrasted with allocation on a selective basis in which ... More


Supporting unemployed people: income protection and activation

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of social protection for unemployed people. It explains basic parameters of unemployment protection systems, contrasting contemporary ... More


Social Spending and the Boundaries Between Public and Private Sectors

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Discusses social spending, its extent, and issues in the design of social security programmes, examining both public and private spending on areas that have traditionally come under the heading of ... More


A New Deal for the Alien

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the Social Security Act and the disparate treatment of blacks, Mexicans, and European immigrants in the administration of Social Security, Unemployment Insurance, Aid to ... More


One-Sample and Difference-of-Means Tests

Quan Li

in Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190656218
eISBN:
9780190656256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656218.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates the types of questions one could ask about a continuous random variable of interest and answer using statistical inference. It provides conceptual preparation for ... More


Constraints and Pressures

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The previous chapter suggests that progress has been made in tackling some of the problems outlined earlier in the book. However, the pressures on social spending and on distribution do not stand ... More


Liberal Welfare States and Immigrants’ Social Rights

Diane Sainsbury

in Welfare States and Immigrant Rights: The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654772
eISBN:
9780191744747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654772.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

This chapter deals with the two liberal regime countries — the US and the UK — and how the defining properties of the liberal welfare regime, such as heavy reliance on means tested benefits and ... More


Targeting welfare: on the functions and dysfunctions of means testing in social policy

Wim van Oorschot

in World poverty: New policies to defeat an old enemy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343956
eISBN:
9781447304340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter describes the shift towards the selective targeting of welfare in both Western and Eastern European countries in recent years. It discusses the pros and cons of means testing in relation ... More


Means-Tested Subsidies and Economic Dynamics Since 2007

Casey B. Mulligan

in The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter estimates impacts of the expanding social safety net on the major macroeconomic variables—including GDP, consumption, investment, and labor hours—in a dynamic economic model with capital ... More


Taking a Stand: The Response of the Unemployed 1931–34

Stephanie Ward

in Unemployment and the state in Britain: The means test and protest in 1930s south Wales and north-east England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086809
eISBN:
9781781705995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086809.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter draws together the themes of the previous two chapters to analyse how the unemployed responded to the means test. While many studies of the unemployed have noted that the movement ... More


For universalism and against the means test

Carol Walker

in Fighting poverty, inequality and injustice: A manifesto inspired by Peter Townsend

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427151
eISBN:
9781447302353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427151.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter sets out the reasons for Peter's impassioned arguments against means tests and in favour of universalism: a campaign which began in the 1950s, in relation to failures of the British ... More


Defiance and Disobedience: Local Government, The Unemployed and Whitehall

Stephanie Ward

in Unemployment and the state in Britain: The means test and protest in 1930s south Wales and north-east England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086809
eISBN:
9781781705995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086809.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the complex relationship between the unemployed, local government officials, elected councillors and Whitehall. It focuses on the introduction of a household means test, by the ... More


What were the lasting effects of Thatcher’s legacy for social security? The burial of Beveridge?

Michael Hill and Alan Walker

in The Legacy of Thatcherism: Assessing and Exploring Thatcherite Social and Economic Policies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265703
eISBN:
9780191771880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265703.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the sustained attack on the social benefits, increasing in intensity across the period of Thatcher’s premiership. These undermined social insurance and (in interaction with ... More


Economic Consequences of Universal Old Age Social Pensions

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Diversity and Occasional Anarchy: On Deep Economic and Social Contradictions in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9789888139446
eISBN:
9789888180349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139446.003.0020
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

In this chapter, the author provides estimates of the long term cost of having a universal social pension scheme that offers every individual aged over 65 a fixed monthly payment. Universal schemes ... More


Liberal Welfare States and the Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Diane Sainsbury

in Welfare States and Immigrant Rights: The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654772
eISBN:
9780191744747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654772.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces changes in immigrants' social rights first in the United States and then in the United Kingdom. The politics of inclusion and exclusion in the US have centered on the extension ... More


Social Citizenship in new Labour’S new “Active” Welfare State: The case of the United Kingdom

Ruth Lister

in Social Policy and Citizenship: The Changing Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754045
eISBN:
9780199979455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0029
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The chapter begins with a general section on social citizenship, which covers its theoretical framework and the context of how social citizenship has been understood and debated in the UK, leading to ... More


Conclusion

Stephanie Ward

in Unemployment and the state in Britain: The means test and protest in 1930s south Wales and north-east England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086809
eISBN:
9781781705995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086809.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

The conclusion explains the differences in the response to the means test in south Wales and the north-east of England and highlights the importance of place, topography and political culture. ... More


Case Study: Social Pensions in the Global South

Lutz Leisering

in The Global Rise of Social Cash Transfers: How States and International Organizations Constructed a New Instrument for Combating Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198754336
eISBN:
9780191815997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754336.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter provides a case study of the most common and particularly successful cash transfer programme, ‘social’ (non-contributory) pensions, based on a unique database that covers all social ... More


Introduction

Stephanie Ward

in Unemployment and the state in Britain: The means test and protest in 1930s south Wales and north-east England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086809
eISBN:
9781781705995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086809.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter serves as an historiographical introduction to the major themes of the book. It provides a critique of the historiography of the interwar depression and examines the evolution of studies ... More


Unemployment and the state in Britain: The means test and protest in 1930s south Wales and north-east England

Stephanie Ward

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086809
eISBN:
9781781705995
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086809.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Unemployment and the State in Britain offers an important and original contribution to understandings of the 1930s. This is the first full-length study of the highly controversial household means ... More


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