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The Case Against Objective Value

Alan H. Goldman

in Reasons from Within: Desires and Values

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199576906
eISBN:
9780191722288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576906.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Objective values need not be ‘queer’ or intrinsically motivating, but they would require motivation from us. This chapter argues first that we are not typically motivated in that way and that it ... More


Depression and Identity

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Meaningful lives embody defensible values (objective meaning) and are enlivened by a sense of worthwhileness (subjective meaning). The therapeutic trend has led psychotherapists to explore all ... More


Self‐Deception and Hope

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethicists have linked meaningful life and honesty with oneself. Similarly, therapists regard honesty with oneself as integral to healing, and they regard contact with reality as a criterion for ... More


Philosophical Counseling

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter applies the moral-therapeutic perspective to philosophical counseling. Philosophical counseling applies ethical perspectives, critical thinking, and other philosophical resources to help ... More


Facts in Constitutional Cases

David L. Faigman

in Constitutional Fictions: A Unified Theory of Constitutional Facts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195341270
eISBN:
9780199866878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341270.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter provides an introduction to the pivotal role facts play in both the interpretation and application of the Constitution. It considers two basic areas of the Supreme Court's modern ... More


Rejecting Supernaturalism

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 5 through 7 demonstrate that the most promising motivation for holding any form of supernaturalism is the perfection thesis that meaning requires engagement with a maximally conceivable ... More


Lives of Meaning and Significance

Irving Singer

in Meaning in Life: The Creation of Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513562
eISBN:
9780262259187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513562.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Although happiness and meaning are interrelated, they are not the same. A person may renounce happiness in favor of uncomfortable resistance. This kind of choice is often associated with heroes and, ... More


Geographies of Meaningful Living

Cheshire Calhoun

in Doing Valuable Time: The Present, the Future, and Meaningful Living

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190851866
eISBN:
9780190851897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851866.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Where in our conceptual geography is “meaningful” best located and what conceptual work should it do? Agent-independent and agent-independent-plus conceptions of meaningfulness locate “meaningful” ... More


Projects of Worth?

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines what makes a life significant, focusing on the philosophers' argument that certain activities are more worthy than others, and that lives spent engaged in those more worthy ... More


What Good Is Commitment?

Cheshire Calhoun

in Doing Valuable Time: The Present, the Future, and Meaningful Living

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190851866
eISBN:
9780190851897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851866.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter critically evaluates the commonplace idea that people not only will, but ought to, make commitments, and that it is good for the individual to do so. The chapter briefly raises doubts ... More


“I Have Learned to Be Content”: Happiness According to St. Paul

Colleen Shantz

in The Bible and the Pursuit of Happiness: What the Old and New Testaments Teach Us about the Good Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199795734
eISBN:
9780199979691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795734.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Paul’s letters afford unique access to happiness in the Bible, because they speak directly in Paul’s own voice. Paul himself says his life contained much suffering, which leads to the question of how ... More


Conclusion

Cheshire Calhoun

in Doing Valuable Time: The Present, the Future, and Meaningful Living

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190851866
eISBN:
9780190851897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851866.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This brief conclusion reviews central themes of the book. One central theme is living meaningfully. The book defends the view that meaningful living consists in spending your life’s time on ends that ... More


Taking an Interest in One’s Future

Cheshire Calhoun

in Doing Valuable Time: The Present, the Future, and Meaningful Living

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190851866
eISBN:
9780190851897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851866.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter’s topic is the motivating interest we take, and sometimes lose, in our own future. A set of questions are addressed: How is the valuing attitude taken toward ends connected to taking an ... More


Living with Boredom

Cheshire Calhoun

in Doing Valuable Time: The Present, the Future, and Meaningful Living

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190851866
eISBN:
9780190851897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851866.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Rejecting the standard focus on boredom as a cultural or personal problem, this chapter examines how boredom illuminates the kinds of problems that evaluators face just in being evaluators. The ... More


Third Crossroad: Place

Tzachi Zamir

in Ascent: Philosophy and Paradise Lost

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190695088
eISBN:
9780190695118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190695088.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Because God is not merely a prescriptive entity but, by virtue of his omnipresence, also a place, Milton implies that knowledge, vitality, and meaningful action depend upon one’s sense of location. ... More


Doing Valuable Time: The Present, the Future, and Meaningful Living

Cheshire Calhoun

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190851866
eISBN:
9780190851897
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851866.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We are evaluators. We pursue what we take to be valuable, strive to live meaningfully, judge whether our present circumstances are good enough, and have standards for what we are willing to take an ... More


Introduction: Being Cheerful and Modern

Peter N. Stearns

in Satisfaction Not Guaranteed: Dilemmas of Progress in Modern Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783627
eISBN:
9780814783634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783627.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This introductory chapter ponders on the optimistic notions of modernity posited throughout history, noting that while in some ways these predictions have been accurate modernity has seemed to fail ... More


Death

Susan J. Stabile

in Growing in Love and Wisdom: Tibetan Buddhist Sources for Christian Meditation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199862627
eISBN:
9780190258337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199862627.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter describes a Tibetan Buddhist analytic meditation that has been adapted for Christian prayer, followed by a commentary that explains the Buddhist goals for and principles underlying the ... More


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