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Kant's Theory of Action

Richard McCarty

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The theory of action underlying Immanuel Kant's moral theory is the subject of this book. What “maxims” are, and how we act on maxims, are explained here in light of both the historical context of ... More


Introduction

Nicola Luckhurst

in Science and Structure in Proust's: A la recherche du temps perdu

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198160021
eISBN:
9780191673740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198160021.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Proust began to work on A la recherche after a crucial period of hesitation between exploring two genres, the essay and the novel. For the first readers of A la recherche, it was the presence of both ... More


Introduction

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter describes the ontological, cognitive, and methodological foundations of language studies, discussing in particular the relation between realism and formalism and advocating non‐hardware ... More


Men of Influence: Stalin's Diplomats in Europe, 1930-1939

Sabine Dullin and Editions Payot

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622191
eISBN:
9780748651290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622191.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Making an addition to the new historiography of mid-twentieth-century Soviet history, the author of this book has researched the history of Soviet diplomacy from 1930 to 1939 through a variety of ... More


Toxic Shock Syndrome from Tampons: Krystal H. Rinehart v. International Playtex

Roger W. Shuy

in Fighting over Words: Language and Civil Law Cases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328837
eISBN:
9780199870165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328837.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This case focused entirely on the warning label on the package insert of a tampons product used by a young woman who subsequently suffered from toxic shock syndrome (TSS). One side of the tightly ... More


APPENDIX: How Linguists Can Help in Corporate Civil Cases

Roger W. Shuy

in Fighting over Words: Language and Civil Law Cases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328837
eISBN:
9780199870165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328837.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the important requirements of linguists and lawyers who work together on the seven types of corporate cases discussed in the book. First, the linguist needs to have complete ... More


What is This Thing Called Happiness?

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 contained criticism of sensory hedonism. Chapter 6 contains a defense of attitudinal hedonism about happiness. According to this theory, the atoms of happiness are episodes in which a ... More


Acting for a Reason

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Starting from the debate over whether practical reasons are mental states or the facts to which those mental states are a response, this chapter argues that being motivated by a practical reason must ... More


The Rise of Neo-Gricean Pragmatics

Jay David Atlas

in Logic, Meaning, and Conversation: Semantical Underdeterminacy, Implicature, and their Interface

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133004
eISBN:
9780199850181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133004.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The parallel between saying something and articulating a more informative statement and saying something and articulating the more informative implies that such can apply for both positive and ... More


Retroduction

Nicola Luckhurst

in Science and Structure in Proust's: A la recherche du temps perdu

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198160021
eISBN:
9780191673740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198160021.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The ‘retroduction’ of this chapter aims to reconnect the images of ‘Proust's science’ with the rhetoric of sententiousness. In effect, it reconnects metaphor and maxim. The dynamic and literal ... More


Kant on Weakness of Will

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter reviews the background in Kant’s moral psychology, suggests how weakness of will might be understood in Kant’s theory, and comments on the implications for moral responsibility. In ... More


The Principle of Pragmatism: Peirce’s Formulations and Examples

Christopher Hookway

in The Pragmatic Maxim: Essays on Peirce and pragmatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199588381
eISBN:
9780191745089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588381.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Charles Peirce's pragmatic maxim is a rule for obtaining reflective clarity about the contents of concepts and hypotheses. The chapter identifies and compares a number of different formulations of ... More


Philosophy and Fiction (Nobody's Madeleine)

Joshua Landy

in Philosophy As Fiction: Self, Deception, and Knowledge in Proust

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169393
eISBN:
9780199787845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169393.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The introductory chapter examines Proust's philosophy, arguing that it is both coherent and original. Particular attention is paid to Proust's moraliste-inspired philosophy of mind: many of the ... More


Plato's Hesiod: An acquired taste?

G. W. Most

in Plato and Hesiod

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199236343
eISBN:
9780191717130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236343.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

By analysing the pattern of Hesiodic quotations across Plato's works, this chapter concludes that Plato came to admire and use Hesiod — especially the Works and Days — more as he got older. The ... More


Plato's two Hesiods

Andrew L. Ford

in Plato and Hesiod

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199236343
eISBN:
9780191717130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236343.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the extent to which Hesiodic poetry became associated with specific contexts of reading, from the courts to school-room teaching and philosophical debate. The Theogony and Works ... More


Linguistic canons and interpretative technique

F. A. R. Bennion

in Understanding Common Law Legislation: Drafting and Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564101
eISBN:
9780191705465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564101.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

A linguistic canon reflects the nature and use of non-legal language. An Act is read as a whole. Except in a consolidation Act, different words are given different meanings and the same words the ... More


Gorky’s Gulag

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199794577
eISBN:
9780199932245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter establishes how the writer Maxim Gorky's return to the Soviet Union from European exile in 1928 to become a chief architect of Stalinist culture was a watershed in the history of the ... More


Schopenhauer’s Anti-Kantian Account of Morality

Barbara Hannan

in The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter gives an overview of Kant's ethical theory, including both its appealing features and its problematic points. It notes that the following possess intuitive appeal: (1) Kant's notion that ... More


Acting on Maxims

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Maxims are traditionally understood as major premises of the practical syllogism, or of practical reasoning. In maxims, objects to be brought about by action are represented as “good”. As rationalist ... More


Incentives

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Kant's concept of incentives is the key to solving the problem of justification and explanation. The “incorporation” of incentives into the maxims that justify actions enables them also to explain ... More


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