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Fat Economics: Nutrition, Health, and Economic Policy

Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213856
eISBN:
9780191695902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The obesity epidemic and the growing debate about what, if any, public health policy should be adopted is the subject of endless debates within the media and in governments around the world. Whilst ... More


THE DILEMMA AS REGARDS PERSONAL NEUTRALITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter sets out the second dilemma or conflict between the rationalist aim of having rational attitudes and the satisfactionalist aim of fulfilment-maximization. Since it has been found that ... More


Political Economy: An Overview

James E. Alt and Alberto Alesina

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides an overview of the political economy approach as it relates to the political economy of institutions and the political economy of public policy. The field has developed and the literature ... More


Political Economy: Sociological Perspectives

Claus Offe

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

As paradigms conflict, so the fields of political economy and sociology conflict, yet they also cross‐fertilize. Reviews the contribution of political economy to sociology and vice versa, pointing to ... More


Party Policies and Voter Choices

Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

in The Rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245116
eISBN:
9780191599453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245118.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The authors offer a multiplicative model that provides a comprehensive framework to place the main findings of the volume. The model is based on the standard ‘expected utility maximization’ model of ... More


Path Dependence, Precedent, and Judicial Power

Alec Stone Sweet

in On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This paper is the first part of a much longer version (co-authored by Maragaret McCown) that was presented at the Colloquium on Law, Economics, and Politics, at the Law School, New York University, ... More


Beyond Constraint‐Based Models: Communication Channels and Growth Rates

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The number of communication channels may well turn out to be a major building block in constructing quantitatively predictive logical models in social sciences. This number does determine ... More


Are Politicians Vote‐Maximizers?

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

According to the assumption of the public‐choice theory, politicians are guided by their self‐interest and vote maximization. By analysing studies based on theories of the political business cycle, ... More


Are Bureaucrats Budget‐Maximizers?

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Even if bureaucrats carry out the wishes of the voters and the decisions of the politicians by performing various sorts of tasks, it is, according to the assumption of the public‐choice theory, their ... More


Decision Technology

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on decision technology—the rules and tools that help us make wiser decisions. It begins by reviewing the three rules that are at the heart of most traditional decision ... More


Statistical Alternatives and Supplements to Random Sampling

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the following alternatives and complements to RS in terms of their assumptions, implementations, strengths, and weaknesses: (1) randomization tests; (2) multiple imputation; ... More


Śāntideva and After

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter discusses the views of êāntideva, the most sophisticated and influential of all Indian Buddhist ethicists. His writings contain explicit statements of classical act-utilitarianism. ... More


Rational Decision Making in Primates: The Bounded and the Ecological

Jeffrey R. Stevens

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews decision making behavior in primates. Evidence from both human and nonhuman primates demonstrates that decision makers often fail to behave as predicted by economic principles of ... More


Overview of a Theory

David Gauthier

in Morals by Agreement

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249924
eISBN:
9780191597497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249926.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Presents an overview of the book, introducing the problem of showing the rationality of moral constraints, and the conception of rationality as maximization, which on the face of it seems ... More


Preservation of the Estate, Maximization of Value, and Facilitation of Rescues

Irit Mevorach

in Insolvency within Multinational Enterprise Groups

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199544721
eISBN:
9780191705564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544721.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter focuses on the administration of MEG insolvencies and examines ‘linking tools’ which could enhance preservation of the estate, wealth maximization and rescues. It asks to what extent and ... More


Relationships and Commitments

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter was written around the theme of trust and commitment in business and personal relationships. The argument of the first part centres around the unsuccessful attempt to formalize trust ... More


Revealed Preference

Hal R. Varian

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter emphasizes the utility maximization of Samuelson's Revealed Preference Theory. It looks for consistency, form, forecasting, and recoverability criteria within the theory. It concludes ... More


Assembling Efficient Organizations?

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This paper appeared in a Festschrift in honour of Kenneth Arrow in 1986 (Uncertainty, Information and Communication Essays in Honor of Kenneth J. Arrow, iii, eds W. P. Heller, R. M. Starr, and D. A. ... More


Maximization of Bequests: The First Turnpike Theorem

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The conditions for the Golden Equilibrium have been established earlier in the book and this chapter turns to an examination of the economy for stability; it asks whether a Hicks–Malinvaud ... More


Dynamic Utility Functions Proposed

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Various dynamic utility functions are proposed for optimum economic growth. The different sections of the chapter discuss: maximization of satisfaction over time; whether dynamic utility should be ... More


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