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Explaining Expenditure Outcomes

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Uses statistical techniques to model the determinants of aggregate social expenditure change in 21 OECD countries over the period 1980 to 1998. The main focus is on testing hypotheses relating to the ... More


Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Most organisms show substantial changes in size or morphology after they become independent of their parents and have to find their own food. Furthermore, the rate at which these changes occur ... More


Spin Glasses and Complexity

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Spin glasses are disordered magnetic systems that have led to the development of mathematical tools with an array of real-world applications, from airline scheduling to neural networks. This book ... More


Post‐Industrial Pressures on the Mature Welfare States

Paul Pierson

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the sources of pressure on contemporary national welfare states, all of which seek to show how examining the sources of strain carries implications for ... More


Postnatal Maturation of Dopamine Actions in the Prefrontal Cortex

Patricio O’Donnell and Kuei Y. Tseng

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

To understand the modulation of prefrontal cortical activity by dopamine (DA), it is critical to consider not only different receptor subtypes and the cell type DA acts upon, but also complex changes ... More


Hand Function Across the Lifespan

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The changes in hand function from infancy to old age are the subject of this chapter. As a child grows and the central nervous system matures, there are physical changes in the hands and in the ... More


Evolution of the Human Family: Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks

Mark V. Flinn, Robert J. Quinlan, Kathryn Coe, and Carol V. Ward

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Humans are characterized by a distinctive set of traits, including: (1) large brains, (2) long periods of juvenile dependence, (3) extensive biparental care including large transfers of information, ... More


Religious Criticism

Steven J. Friesen

in Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131536
eISBN:
9780199834198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131533.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Lays out a theoretical orientation that allows Friesen to compare the evidence for the imperial cult institutions of mainstream society with a visionary religious text like Revelation, which was ... More


Imperial Cults as Religion

Steven J. Friesen

in Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131536
eISBN:
9780199834198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131533.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The four components of Lawrence E. Sullivan's comparative model allow us to summarize the role that imperial cults played in the polytheistic religious systems of Asia. Imperial cults had some ... More


Communities Worshipping Humans

Steven J. Friesen

in Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131536
eISBN:
9780199834198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131533.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The author of Revelation promoted a particular view of church life. John described the churches as a divine kingdom chosen from the peoples of the earth. The most important leaders were, according to ... More


Characteristics and Functions of Rituals

Bernard Cooke and Gary Macy

in Christian Symbol and Ritual: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195154115
eISBN:
9780199835591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154118.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The study of symbols and rituals raise several problems given their ambiguous nature and central importance to human communities. This chapter discusses the problems of objectivity in describing ... More


Rituals in the Christian Context

Bernard Cooke and Gary Macy

in Christian Symbol and Ritual: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195154115
eISBN:
9780199835591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154118.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Christians have their own language for the rituals they use including the word “sacrament”, the Christian term for their most important rituals. This chapter explains the role that Jesus plays for ... More


The Role of Sleep in the Development of Central Visual Pathways

Marcos G. Frank and Michael P. Stryker

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews evidence in support of the hypothesis that sleep may play an important role in brain maturation. It begins by reviewing the role of endogenous neural activity and experience in ... More


The Sites of Transition: Fear, Struggle, Acceptance, Family Processes, Maturation

Monika Renz, Mark Kyburz, and John Peck

in Dying: A Transition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170888
eISBN:
9780231540230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170888.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Five important factors of dying processes (fear, struggle, denial and acceptance, family processes, maturation) are explained and related to the main process of transition. The transitional process ... More


Life Stages, Hormones, and Brain Remodeling: Early Hormonal Influences on Brain Mutability

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the prominent role that hormones have in defining the timing and regional specificity of the plastic developmental changes in the central nervous system, and how they coordinate ... More


Life Stages, Hormones, and Brain Remodeling: The Transition from Childhood to Adulthood

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter analyzes the hormonal influences on brain plasticity during the prepubertal period, puberty, and adolescence. It begins by describing some examples of brain plastic changes associated ... More


Introduction

Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter intrudes the key elements of this volume. This volume focuses on the age period between mid adolescence and early adulthood (roughly ages 15-29) and it addresses what we know about ... More


The evolution of multisensory vocal communication in primates and the influence of developmental timing

Asif A. Ghazanfar

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews data suggesting that adult monkeys and humans (infants and adults) share behavioural and neural homologies in the domain of multisensory vocal communication. Yet, despite certain ... More


Age-Based Genders among the Kayapo

William. H. Fisher

in Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia: An Exploration of the Comparative Method

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520228511
eISBN:
9780520935815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228511.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter argues that age and gender should not be separated, in the sense that they are part of the same complex of ideas. Amazonian and Melanesian accounts generally concur on the inconstancy of ... More


Why Red?: The Evolution of Color Display

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are a number primary models for why males in bird species like the House Finch evolved bright feather coloration: the Fisherian model of sexual selection, the honest advertisement model, the ... More


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