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Beyond Core Object Cognition

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers a type of knowledge structure that is different in many ways from mathematical representations: intuitive theories. It begins with an analysis of local incommensurability from ... More


Material Activity

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Eighteenth‐century matter theory—primarily the study of electricity, magnetism, pneumatics, chemistry, and physiology—appears as a network of different kinds of practice having no intrinsic ... More


Aperiodic Crystals: From Modulated Phases to Quasicrystals

Ted Janssen, Gervais Chapuis, and Marc de Boissieu

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567776
eISBN:
9780191718335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567776.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Until the 1970s, all materials studied consisted of periodic arrays of unit cells, or were amorphous. In the last decades a new class of solid state matter, called aperiodic crystals, has been found. ... More


The Stoics on Matter and Prime Matter: ‘Corporealism’ and the Imprint of Plato's Timaeus

Jean‐Baptiste Gourinat

in God and Cosmos in Stoicism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556144
eISBN:
9780191720864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556144.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter contends that Stoics are materialists if, and only if, their theory fulfils the two following conditions: (1) their system must be materialistic monism; and (2) the ‘inferior reality’ ... More


Living and Dead Matter

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Mid‐eighteenth century studies of electricity and chemistry encouraged an understanding of matter as something active, but they were unable to offer any account of what this activity was in general ... More


The Natural Philosophy of 1805/6

H. S. Harris

in Hegel's Development: Night Thoughts (Jena 1801–1806)

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246541
eISBN:
9780191680991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246541.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The first section of this chapter describes mechanics, or the theory of matter. The physical model of the logic of Understanding was the Newtonian theory of the Solar System. Hegel identified his ... More


The Hylomorphic Turn

Daniel W. Graham

in Aristotle's Two Systems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243151
eISBN:
9780191680649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presented how the problematic of Physics i and Aristotle's prior philosophic positions and certain ‘facts’ generate a conception of form and matter. Aristotle sets himself the task of ... More


TWO-DIMENSIONAL FIELD THEORY AND BOSONIZATION

Kazuo Fujikawa and Hiroshi Suzuki

in Path Integrals and Quantum Anomalies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529132
eISBN:
9780191712821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529132.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the quantum anomalies in two-dimensional field theory. Two-dimensional field theory is important in connection with conformal field theory and its applications to string theory ... More


Changing Aristotle's Mind

Martha C. Nussbaum and Hilary Putnam

in Essays on Aristotle's De Anima

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236009
eISBN:
9780191598104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823600X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay is a response to Myles Burnyeat’s paper that attacks an interpretation of the credibility and acceptability of Aristotle’s views of the body and soul. It begins with a discussion of ... More


What were the ἄναρμοι ὄγκοι?

J. T. Vallance

in The Lost Theory of Asclepiades of Bithynia

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242482
eISBN:
9780191680489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242482.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Asclepiades’ physiological theory has exercised the minds of scholars sporadically for seven hundred years. Ancient witnesses for him are agreed that he explained disease in terms of the interaction ... More


Physics

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyses the ideas and thoughts of John Duns Scotus related to physics. It discusses Scotus's theory of matter and theory of unity, and describes his view on the debate on the unicity or ... More


Kant's Dynamics

Daniel Warren

in Kant and the Sciences

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Kant contrasts dynamical and mechanistic approaches to physics, and rejects the latter. This paper attempts to connect this rejection to Kant’s views about a fundamental shift in the conception of ... More


The Corpuscular Theory of Daniel Sennert and Its Sources

in Atoms and Alchemy: Chymistry and the Experimental Origins of the Scientific Revolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226576961
eISBN:
9780226577036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577036.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the corpuscular theory of Daniel Sennert and its sources. The chapter focuses mainly on Sennert's early publications, leading up to and including his first atomist manifesto ... More


Meteorology, Matter Theory, and Mechanics

María M. Portuondo

in The Spanish Disquiet: The Biblical Natural Philosophy of Benito Arias Montano

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226592268
eISBN:
9780226609096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226609096.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The exploration of the Anima and Corpus continues with discussions of Montanian meteorology, matter theory and terrestrial physics. Although Arias Montano did not discuss matter theory or terrestrial ... More


Rethinking the Nature of Matter

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739–1841

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757634
eISBN:
9780191817366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757634.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter establishes the existence of a radical change in the understanding of basic natural processes. In the middle of the eighteenth century, mechanism had relinquished any role in those ... More


Elements of Enlightenment

Hjalmar Fors

in The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the interconnectedness of mining knowledge in a wider German and Swedish cultural sphere, and how the Officials of the Bureau began to distinguish themselves from their ... More


Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199699322
eISBN:
9780191779435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Quantum field theory is arguably the most far-reaching and beautiful physical theory ever constructed, with aspects more stringently tested and verified to greater precision than any other theory in ... More


Descartes’s Musical Apprenticeship

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, Western

René Descartes began his career writing about music, which affected his innovative natural philosophy throughout its development. His first book was about music, addressed to another natural ... More


Robert Boyle’s Corpuscular Chemistry: Atomism before Its Time

Alan Chalmers

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

In her important and pioneering work on Robert Boyle’s contributions to chemistry Marie Boas Hall (Boas 1958; and Hall 1965, 81–93) portrayed Boyle’s advances as being tied up with and facilitated ... More


Without God: Gravity as a Relational Quality of Matter in Newton’s Treatise

Eric Schliesser

in Newton's Metaphysics: Essays

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197567692
eISBN:
9780197567722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197567692.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that when Newton drafted the first edition of the Principia in the mid-1680s, he thought that (at least a part of) the cause of gravity is the disposition inherent in any ... More


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