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Modelling forest dynamics

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes techniques for modeling forest dynamics. Topics covered include the equation of population flux, life tables, transition matrix models, population viability analysis, growth ... More


STRING THEORY AND GAUGE THEORY

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the relationship between gauge theories and topological strings. A precise correspondence between string theory and gauge theory was formulated by 't Hooft (1974), who used as a ... More


MATRIX MODELS

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter starts with explaining some basic aspects and techniques of matrix models. Matrix models are the simplest examples of quantum gauge theories; they are quantum gauge theories in zero ... More


STRING FIELD THEORY AND GAUGE THEORIES

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter shows that both Chern-Simons gauge theories and matrix models with polynomial potentials can be realized as open string theories. To show that Chern-Simons theory and matrix models with ... More


CHERN–SIMONS THEORY AND KNOT INVARIANTS

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents various aspects of Chern-Simons theory. In a groundbreaking paper, Witten (1989) showed that Chern-Simons gauge theory, which is a quantum field theory in three dimensions, ... More


Monte Carlo Models

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents a brief introduction to the modelling of exclusive final states from high-energy collisions between elementary particles. It starts with the matrix element models for the ... More


Advanced statistical techniques: spatial patterns, life tables, modelling, and population viability analysis

David J. Gibson

in Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199671465
eISBN:
9780191792496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671465.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter moves forward from Chapter 7 (planning, choosing, and using statistics) and introduces some more advanced statistical methods that are of particular importance to plant population ... More


GEOMETRIC TRANSITIONS

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gopakumar and Vafa demonstrated in an important paper (1999) that there is a closed string theory leading to the resummations (2.179) and (2.181). The intuition behind the result of Gopakumar and ... More


Demography, life histories, and population dynamics

Olga L. Montenegro

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the main field and analytical techniques used for demography, life history, and population dynamics research in primates. These methods are mainly used in free-ranging primates, ... More


Transport models

Jérôme Faist

in Quantum Cascade Lasers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198528241
eISBN:
9780191755545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528241.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Unlike other optoelectronic devices, quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) cannot be described by simple drift-diffusion equation. Whereas in interband semiconductor lasers the assumption of separate ... More


Daniel J. Elazar and Federalism as Covenant

Michael Burgess

in In Search of the Federal Spirit: New Comparative Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199606238
eISBN:
9780191752476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606238.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

The chapter provides a brief intellectual biography of Elazar and examines in detail his major contribution to the study of federalism. His distinctive approach to and understanding of federalism is ... More


Population structure and exponential growth

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Populations may be structured by various individual states like age, developmental stage, or conditions of location. The life histories of individuals can be described as series of stochastic ... More


Business Model Transformation: Driven by Strategy or Customer?

Henk Volberda, Frans van den Bosch, and Kevin Heij

in Reinventing Business Models: How Firms Cope with Disruption

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198792048
eISBN:
9780191834233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792048.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Chapter 6 explores the dynamics of business model innovation by discussing the interactions between Sony and Apple over the minidisc and the MP3 player. Seemingly, a period of business model renewal ... More


A digest of matrix models

Razvan Gurau

in Random Tensors

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198787938
eISBN:
9780191829918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787938.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

There are many excellent reviews on random matrices both in mathematics and in physics literature. This chapter presents only a very quick overview of some selected topics in random matrix theory: ... More


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