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## Modelling forest dynamics

*Adrian C. Newton*

### in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198567448
- eISBN:
- 9780191717895
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes techniques for modeling forest dynamics. Topics covered include the equation of population flux, life tables, transition matrix models, population viability analysis, growth ... More

## STRING THEORY AND GAUGE THEORY

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the relationship between gauge theories and topological strings. A precise correspondence between string theory and gauge theory was formulated by 't Hooft (1974), who used as a ... More

## MATRIX MODELS

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter starts with explaining some basic aspects and techniques of matrix models. Matrix models are the simplest examples of quantum gauge theories; they are quantum gauge theories in zero ... More

## STRING FIELD THEORY AND GAUGE THEORIES

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter shows that both Chern-Simons gauge theories and matrix models with polynomial potentials can be realized as open string theories. To show that Chern-Simons theory and matrix models with ... More

## CHERN–SIMONS THEORY AND KNOT INVARIANTS

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents various aspects of Chern-Simons theory. In a groundbreaking paper, Witten (1989) showed that Chern-Simons gauge theory, which is a quantum field theory in three dimensions, ... More

## Monte Carlo Models

*GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING*

### in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199566419
- eISBN:
- 9780191708060
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents a brief introduction to the modelling of exclusive final states from high-energy collisions between elementary particles. It starts with the matrix element models for the ... More

## Advanced statistical techniques: spatial patterns, life tables, modelling, and population viability analysis

*David J. Gibson*

### in Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology, Second Edition

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- January 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780199671465
- eISBN:
- 9780191792496
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671465.003.0008
- Subject:
- Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter moves forward from Chapter 7 (planning, choosing, and using statistics) and introduces some more advanced statistical methods that are of particular importance to plant population ... More

## GEOMETRIC TRANSITIONS

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gopakumar and Vafa demonstrated in an important paper (1999) that there is a closed string theory leading to the resummations (2.179) and (2.181). The intuition behind the result of Gopakumar and ... More

## Demography, life histories, and population dynamics

*Olga L. Montenegro*

### in Primate Ecology and Conservation

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199659449
- eISBN:
- 9780191774775
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0015
- Subject:
- Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the main field and analytical techniques used for demography, life history, and population dynamics research in primates. These methods are mainly used in free-ranging primates, ... More

## Transport models

*Jérôme Faist*

### in Quantum Cascade Lasers

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780198528241
- eISBN:
- 9780191755545
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528241.003.0012
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Unlike other optoelectronic devices, quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) cannot be described by simple drift-diffusion equation. Whereas in interband semiconductor lasers the assumption of separate ... More

## Daniel J. Elazar and Federalism as Covenant

*Michael Burgess*

### in In Search of the Federal Spirit: New Comparative Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199606238
- eISBN:
- 9780191752476
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606238.003.0007
- Subject:
- Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

The chapter provides a brief intellectual biography of Elazar and examines in detail his major contribution to the study of federalism. His distinctive approach to and understanding of federalism is ... More

## Population structure and exponential growth

*Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna*

### in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- August 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780199577859
- eISBN:
- 9780191823787
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0004
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

Populations may be structured by various individual states like age, developmental stage, or conditions of location. The life histories of individuals can be described as series of stochastic ... More

## Business Model Transformation: Driven by Strategy or Customer?

*Henk Volberda, Frans van den Bosch, and Kevin Heij*

### in Reinventing Business Models: How Firms Cope with Disruption

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- December 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198792048
- eISBN:
- 9780191834233
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198792048.003.0006
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Organization Studies

Chapter 6 explores the dynamics of business model innovation by discussing the interactions between Sony and Apple over the minidisc and the MP3 player. Seemingly, a period of business model renewal ... More

## A digest of matrix models

*Razvan Gurau*

### in Random Tensors

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198787938
- eISBN:
- 9780191829918
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787938.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

There are many excellent reviews on random matrices both in mathematics and in physics literature. This chapter presents only a very quick overview of some selected topics in random matrix theory: ... More

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