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Dragonfly flight performance: a model system for biomechanics, physiological genetics, and animal competitive behaviour

James H. Marden

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Adult dragonflies are heavily dependent on their flight muscles and flight ability for nearly all of their adult activities. This chapter reviews research that presents dragonflies as model organisms ... More


Communication of mate quality in humans

S. Craig Roberts

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In most human societies, individuals compare between numerous potential mates. Recent research on biological determinants of mate preferences explores the idea that attractive physical ... More


The Guaraní

Nicholas P. Cushner

in Why Have You Come Here?: The Jesuits and the First Evangelization of Native America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307566
eISBN:
9780199784936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307569.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Guaraní welcomed European missionaries because they saw the missionaries as buffers between them and Spaniards in Asunción who wanted Indians as laborers, they wanted protection from the ... More


A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Geoffrey E. Hill

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The House Finch is among the most mundane birds, so ubiquitous and familiar across the U.S. and Canada that it does not rate a glance from most bird enthusiasts. But males have carotenoid-based ... More


Adaptive Diversification Due to Resource Competition in Sexual Models

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines evolutionary branching in sexual populations. As sexual populations converge to what would be a branching point in clonal models, splitting obviously becomes a problem, because ... More


Reproduction

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Trinidadian guppies have become one of the classic examples of female choice. This chapter begins by summarizing the reproductive biology of male and female fish. Male tactics and female choice are ... More


Evolution of reproductive isolation

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The previous chapters testify to rapid population differentiation as a result of selection. Certain populations have also been geographically isolated for extremely long periods of time. Guppy ... More


Clonality by Incest: Hermaphroditic Self-Fertilization

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Habitual self-fertilization by hermaphroditic individuals is a sexual route by which genetically identical individuals can arise. The phenomenon occurs in various plants and invertebrates but is ... More


Fitness landscapes, mortality schedules, and mating systems

Bradley R. Anholt

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Acquiring the resources for reproduction comes at the risk of death. After emergence, females of most odonate species gain more mass than males and concomitantly suffer higher mortality rates. ... More


Testing hypotheses about parasite-mediated selection using odonate hosts

Mark R. Forbes and Tonia Robb

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Parasites are thought to select for host traits, such as elaborate ornaments and intricate immune systems. Dragonflies have proven useful hosts for studying parasite-mediated selection. This chapter ... More


Deacon's Dilemma: The Problem of Pair-bonding in Human Evolution

Robin Dunbar

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Humans have an unusual mating system — nominally monogamous pair-bonds set within multimale/multifemale communities. In the context of large, dispersed communities, this inevitably places a ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

J. Emmett Duffy and Martin Thiel (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding of animal social and sexual evolution has seen a renaissance in recent years with discoveries of frequent infidelity in apparently monogamous species, the importance of sperm ... More


BREEDING BIOLOGY AND REPRODUCTIVE STRATEGY

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter summarizes the reproductive strategy of the House Sparrow. Although monogamy is the primary mating system of the species, significant rates of extra-pair fertilizations have been ... More


Evolutionary Branching in a Classical Model for Sympatric Speciation

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by considering the Maynard Smith model. Much of this work concentrated on the genetic mechanisms for assortative mating and reproductive isolation, based on the assumption that ... More


Variation and evolution of reproductive traits in the Mediterranean mosaic

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the population ecology, variability, and evolution of reproductive traits in the spatially heterogeneous Mediterranean mosaic landscape. Three main themes are explored. First, ... More


Pollination, Mating, and Reproduction in Plants

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines pollination, mating, and reproduction in plants. Plant reproduction can be either sexual or asexual, but the generation of new variants (which is the underlying necessity for ... More


Physiological Bases of Fecundity/Longevity Tradeoffs

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

As sexually reproducing animals, birds must balance the competing nutritional needs of growth and self-maintenance with those of reproduction. This creates a fecundity-longevity tradeoff. Extrinsic ... More


INSECTS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

This chapter describes a few general features of insects, mating and molting in particular, along with a sample of observations of specific groups. Butterflies and moths are better represented than ... More


Predation and the Reproductive Behavior of Fiddler Crabs (Genus Uca)

John H. Christy

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Predation affects fiddler crab reproductive timing, male competition for females, visual systems and orientation mechanisms, mechanisms and patterns of female choice, and the kinds of signals males ... More


The Mating System of Symbiotic Crustaceans: A Conceptual Model Based on Optimality and Ecological Constraints

J. Antonio Baeza and Martin Thiel

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter proposes a conceptual model predicting the mating system of symbiotic crustaceans. It assumes that males and females have different optimal mating strategies which they attempt to attain ... More


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