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John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Noel Malcolm and Jacqueline Stedall

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematician John Pell was a member of the Royal Society and one of the generation of scientists that included Boyle, Wren, and Hooke. Although he left a huge body of manuscript materials, he ... More


Using Perl to Do Calculations

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

in Perl for Exploring DNA

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.003.05
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter elucidates some of the mysteries of calculating with Perl. Arithmetic in Perl is fairly intuitive in its use of symbols. There are all sorts of reasons for doing a little arithmetic on ... More


Bayesianism—its Scope and Limits

Elliott Sober

in Bayes's Theorem

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the scope and limits of Bayesianism. The first topics discussed are the math and philosophy embedded in Bayesianism and the standard objection to Bayesianism. The concept of ... More


Epistemic Position and the First Meditation

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter treats a number of interpretive issues including the ontological status of the simple natures that survive the painter analogy, the transparent truths and whether or not they are clearly ... More


Lines of Thought: Central Concepts in Cognitive Psychology

Lance Rips

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195183054
eISBN:
9780199865109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183054.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book addresses how we are able to think about abstract possibilities: How can we think about math, despite the immateriality of numbers, sets, and other mathematical entities? How are we able to ... More


Numbers

Lance J. Rips

in Lines of Thought: Central Concepts in Cognitive Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195183054
eISBN:
9780199865109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183054.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter canvasses proposed connections between minds and numbers that might make knowledge of mathematics possible. The goal is to determine whether any promising leads are available in ... More


The New Math: A Political History

Christopher J. Phillips

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226184968
eISBN:
9780226185019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226185019.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The new math changed the way Americans think about mathematics. The mathematicians and teachers who designed the novel and controversial curriculum in the late 1950s--generously supported by the ... More


The Trouble with Math

Ralph Abraham

in Educating the Whole Child for the Whole World: The Ross School Model and Education for the Global Era

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741405
eISBN:
9780814786550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741405.003.0010
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter disagrees with how math is being taught today, addresses the development of a now pervasive “math anxiety,” and aims to devise an approach to teaching math that seeks to avoid it. ... More


Modern Hindu Personalism: The History, Life, and Thought of Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati

Ferdinando Sardella

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199865918
eISBN:
9780199979998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199865918.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This book explores the life and work of Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī (1874–1937), a guru of the Chaitanya (1486–-1534) school of Vaishnavism, who, at a time when various interpretations of nondualistic ... More


Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī and ISKCON

Ferdinando Sardella

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: Modern Hinduism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198790839
eISBN:
9780191833281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790839.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

The Hindu and Bengali renaissance of the nineteenth century revolved in many respects around a recovery of early texts of Hinduism such as the Upanishads and a revival of Advaita Vedānta. It also ... More


Life and Works

Ferdinando Sardella

in Modern Hindu Personalism: The History, Life, and Thought of Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199865918
eISBN:
9780199979998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199865918.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This is a detailed biographical chapter depicting the life and work of Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī as well as the development of his modern religious movement, the Gaudiya Math. From his father ... More


Mathematics and Culture

William Irwin Thompson

in Educating the Whole Child for the Whole World: The Ross School Model and Education for the Global Era

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741405
eISBN:
9780814786550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741405.003.0012
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter argues that significant historical events, works of art, literature, and scientific discoveries are profoundly interconnected and that barriers between disciplines and areas of knowledge ... More


California Dreaming: Reforming Mathematics Education

Suzanne Wilson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094329
eISBN:
9780300127539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094329.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This book presents a history of efforts to reform mathematics education in California throughout the last two decades of the 20th century. That history is a contentious one, full of such fervour and ... More


Improving Literacy in America: Guidelines from Research

Frederick J. Morrison, Heather Bachman, and Carol Connor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106459
eISBN:
9780300130256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106459.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

An alarmingly high number of American students continue to lack proficiency in reading, maths, and science. The various attempts to address this problem have all too often resulted in “silver bullet” ... More


Empowering Science and Mathematics Education in Urban Schools

Angela Barton, Edna Tan, Erin Turner, and Maura Varley Gutiérrez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226037974
eISBN:
9780226037998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226037998.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

Math and science hold powerful places in contemporary society, setting the foundations for entry into some of the most robust and highest-paying industries. However, effective math and science ... More


Curriculum Wars

Suzanne M. Wilson

in California Dreaming: Reforming Mathematics Education

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094329
eISBN:
9780300127539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094329.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter introduces the problems with regards to reforming mathematics education in California during the last two decades of the last century. It looks particularly at the curriculum wars that ... More


“Ours Is Not to Reason Why. Just Invert and Multiply”: School Mathematics and Its Critics

Suzanne M. Wilson

in California Dreaming: Reforming Mathematics Education

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094329
eISBN:
9780300127539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094329.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter first looks at traditional mathematics in school, a mathematics that is not riddled with the stuff of high drama, a mathematics teaching that is predictable and familiar. In its familiar ... More


Earlier Reforms and Their Legacies

Suzanne M. Wilson

in California Dreaming: Reforming Mathematics Education

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094329
eISBN:
9780300127539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094329.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter looks at reforms in mathematics education in California, particularly the 1980s math reform, the 1985 Framework. It looks first at past frameworks that preceded the 1985 Framework, such ... More


Policy, Teaching, and Learning

David K. Cohen and Heather C. Hill

in Learning Policy: When State Education Reform Works

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300089479
eISBN:
9780300133349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300089479.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter provides an overview of the California math policy. It elaborates on its goals and objectives and the actions that implementers need to undertake. The reformers' main aim was to improve ... More


Policy and Learning

David K. Cohen and Heather C. Hill

in Learning Policy: When State Education Reform Works

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300089479
eISBN:
9780300133349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300089479.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This concluding chapter reviews the innovative features of the California math reforms and the positive effects of California's effort to improve mathematics teaching and learning. It also discusses ... More


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