## Developing predictive models

*E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe*

### in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- January 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198530367
- eISBN:
- 9780191713095
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The effective management of natural resources use requires a mechanistic understanding of the system, not just correlations between variables of the kind discussed in Chapter 4. Understanding may ... More

## Population dynamics: modelling demographic Allee effects

*Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne*

### in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198570301
- eISBN:
- 9780191717642
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0003
- Subject:
- Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Much of what is known about Allee effects comes from mathematical models. This chapter deals with models of demographic Allee effects. It shows what types of model are available, what their ... More

## Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

*Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan*

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195168167
- eISBN:
- 9780199790159
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.001.0001
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

The main focus of the book is the presentation of the inertial view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the level of the ... More

## Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

*Ramon Marimon and Andrew Scott (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2001
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780199248278
- eISBN:
- 9780191596605
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199248273.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Macroeconomics increasingly uses stochastic dynamic general equilibrium models to understand theoretical and policy issues. Unless very strong assumptions are made, understanding the properties of ... More

## Transport of Radionuclides in Groundwater

*Richard B. Codell and James O. Duguid*

### in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780195127270
- eISBN:
- 9780199869121
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0005
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Humans can be exposed to radioactive materials released to the ground by processes such as mining and milling of uranium, disposal of radioactive waste in repositories and landfills, or through ... More

## CONSTRUCTIVE SET THEORIES AND THEIR CATEGORY-THEORETIC MODELS

*Alex Simpson*

### in From Sets and Types to Topology and Analysis: Towards practicable foundations for constructive mathematics

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198566519
- eISBN:
- 9780191713927
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566519.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter advocates a pragmatic approach to constructive set theory, using axioms based solely on set-theoretic principles that are directly relevant to (constructive) mathematical practice. The ... More

## Formal Models in Narrative Analysis

*David Herman*

*Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)*

### in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691149042
- eISBN:
- 9781400842681
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter considers formal models of narrative and the nature of the theory of narrative. After discussing the diachronic and synchronic approaches to investigating the role of formal models in ... More

## Kelvin and Statistical Mechanics

*Oliver Penrose*

### in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199231256
- eISBN:
- 9780191710803
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0015
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Kelvin played a big part in the development of statistical mechanics, both for equilibrium and non-equilibrium. This chapter reviews these developments, taking a particular interest in Kelvin's own ... More

## Mathematical Model

*Joshua M. Epstein*

### in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691158884
- eISBN:
- 9781400848256
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This part of the book describes explicit mathematical models for the affective, cognitive, and social components of Agent_Zero. It first considers some underlying neuroscience of fear and the role of ... More

## Some Growing Tips

*C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna*

### in The Science of False Memory

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780195154054
- eISBN:
- 9780199868384
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0009
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers what the near future of the science of false memory may hold by exploring some emerging areas of experimentation. It focuses on three specific areas: mathematical models of ... More

## Mathematics and Narrative: A Narratological Perspective

*Uri Margolin*

*Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)*

### in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691149042
- eISBN:
- 9781400842681
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0014
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter examines the manifold relations between narrative and mathematics from the point of view of narratology. In particular, it considers some of the ways in which we can speak of mathematics ... More

## Imaging, Picturing, and Scaling

*Bas C. van Fraassen*

### in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199278220
- eISBN:
- 9780191707926
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0003
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Resemblance comes in, not when we are answering the question — What is representation? — but rather when we address How does this or that representation represent, and how does it succeed? The ... More

## General introduction

*Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman*

### in Models of Cellular Regulation

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198570912
- eISBN:
- 9780191718717
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the primary goal of this book, which is to provide an account of networks of physicochemical interactions and the cellular processes that ... More

## Visual Pattern Analyzers

*Norma Van Surdam Graham*

- Published in print:
- 1989
- Published Online:
- January 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780195051544
- eISBN:
- 9780199872183
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.001.0001
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

From the light that falls on the retina, the visual system must extract meaningful information about what is where in our environment. At an early stage in this process, it analyzes the incoming ... More

## New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

*Martine Ben Amar, Alain Goriely, Martin Michael Müller, and Leticia Cugliandolo (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199605835
- eISBN:
- 9780191729522
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In July 2009, many experts in the mathematical modelling of biological sciences gathered in Les Houches for a four-week summer school on the mechanics and physics of biological systems. The goal of ... More

## Fictions and Folk Ontology

*Michael Weisberg*

### in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- May 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199933662
- eISBN:
- 9780199333004
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0004
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 3 develops a version of the maths view of mathematical models. On this view, mathematical and computational models are interpreted mathematical structures. However, in the last few years, a ... More

## Mathematical and computational modelling tools

*Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman*

### in Models of Cellular Regulation

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780198570912
- eISBN:
- 9780191718717
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter reviews chemical kinetics to illustrate the formulation of model equations for a given reaction mechanism. For spatially uniform systems, these model equations are usually ordinary ... More

## Introduction

*J. N. REDDY*

### in An Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198525295
- eISBN:
- 9780191711671
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525295.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

One of the most important thing engineers and scientists do is to model natural phenomena. They develop conceptual and mathematical models to simulate physical events, whether they are aerospace, ... More

## Introduction

*Michael Doebeli*

### in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691128931
- eISBN:
- 9781400838936
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0001
- Subject:
- Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of frequency-dependent selection—the phenomenon that the evolving population is part of the changing environment determining the evolutionary ... More

## Item Response Theory

*Christine DeMars*

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780195377033
- eISBN:
- 9780199847341
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377033.001.0001
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book addresses an important issue for the design of survey instruments, which is rarely taught in graduate programs beyond those specifically for statisticians. Item Response Theory is used to ... More