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Maternal Care in Britain, 1900–1935

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the features and condition of maternal care in Great Britain during the period from 1900 to 1935. This period witnessed the increasing involvement of medical, government, and ... More


Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Irvine Loudon

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book studies maternal care and maternal mortality. Over the last two hundred years different countries developed quite different systems of maternal care. This book is an analysis, firmly ... More


Australia and New Zealand

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0028
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter compares maternal mortality in Australia and New Zealand. In the 1920s, about 700 mothers died annually from maternal causes. The distribution of maternal deaths by cause is similar to ... More


Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality in Selected European Countries

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0027
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the levels and trends in maternal care and mortality in certain European countries. It suggests that maternal mortality rates in certain European countries, particularly in ... More


Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality in Britain, 1935–1950

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines maternal care and maternal mortality in Great Britain during the period from 1935 to 1950. During this period, the maternal mortality rate fell so steeply that the 1950 rate was ... More


European Midwives

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0025
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes midwives in Europe. It argues that certain European countries were safer than the US and Great Britain in terms of childbirth not only because of the quality of obstetric ... More


Maternal Care in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the condition of maternal care in Great Britain during the 19th century. During this period, there was an immense obstetric literature and a multitude of new obstetric ... More


Specific Measures Required to Secure the Right to Health

John Tobin

in The Right to Health in International Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199603299
eISBN:
9780191731662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603299.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The formulation of the right to health in international law lists a series of explicit measures that states must pursue in order to secure the full implementation of this right. These measures, which ... More


The Geography and Politics of Maternal Care in the USA: Introduction

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0017
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the geography and politics of maternal care in the US Though there was a higher doctor-to-patients ratio in the US than in Europe, it was not uncommon in the US during the 1920s ... More


Introduction

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the history, trends, and causes of maternal mortality. This book analyses the various systems of maternal care in ... More


The Trans-generational Influence of Maternal Care on Offspring Gene Expression and Behavior in Rodents

Frances A. Champagne and James P. Curley

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter reviews a large body of recent research showing that variations in maternal care patterns of laboratory rats and mice can alter the behavior, reproductive development, neuroendocrine ... More


Whither Women’s Health?: Reproductive Politics and the Legacy of Maternalism

Miranda R. Waggoner

in Zero Trimester: Pre-Pregnancy Care and the Politics of Reproductive Risk

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520288065
eISBN:
9780520963115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288065.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter reflects on the state of women’s health care and the policy that undergirds the contemporary vibrancy of the pre-pregnancy care framework. It explains why pre-pregnancy care was ... More


Neural Circuits Regulating Maternal Behavior: Implications for Understanding the Neural Basis of Social Cooperation and Competition

Michael Numan

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What are the neural mechanisms that determine whether an individual cooperates or competes with another member of his or her species? In other words, what neural mechanisms determine whether ... More


Maternal Effect and Offspring Development

Nicole M. Cameron and Justin R. Garcia

in Evolution's Empress: Darwinian Perspectives on the Nature of Women

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199892747
eISBN:
9780199332786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892747.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

For most mammals, motherhood is an important investment. This is especially true among humans. While the ultimate rewards can include increased reproductive fitness, motherhood is costly to females, ... More


Maternal Effects in Fissiped Carnivores

Kay E. Holekamp and Stephanie M. Dloniak

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter describes a wide range of maternal effects on offspring development in fissiped carnivores. It discusses the influence of maternal social rank on offspring status, reproductive ... More


Beliefs about Maternal Employment

Maria Charles and Erin Cech (eds)

in Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women, and Household Work in Cross-National Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763578
eISBN:
9780804773744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763578.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter describes the variability in women's attitudes toward maternal employment across 32 industrial, transitional, and developing countries and territories. Drawing on surveys for these ... More


The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Marga Vicedo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The notion that maternal care and love will determine a child's emotional well-being and future personality has become ubiquitous. In countless stories and movies we find that the problems of the ... More


Europe: Introduction

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0024
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines maternal care and mortality in Europe, focusing on the continent of Europe including Scandinavia but excluding Great Britain. It compares certain aspects of childbirth in some ... More


Childcare in the pre-school years

Fiona Roberts, Sandra Mathers, Heather Joshi, Kathy Sylva, and Elizabeth Jones

in Children of the 21st century (Volume 2): The first five years

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424761
eISBN:
9781447301790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424761.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter is concerned with the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) children's experience of care from people other than the mother, with an emphasis on those children who attended group childcare ... More


The Nature of Love: Mary Ainsworth’s Observational and Experimental Work

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the development of Mary Ainsworth's views about attachment in the context of her relationship with John Bowlby. It shows her evolution from being Bowlby's defender to ... More


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