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Maternal Behavior

Stephanie L. Rees, Vedran Lovic, and Alison S. Fleming

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes maternal behavior of the laboratory rat and outlines various methods of observing and quantifying this behavior. Although in some rodent biparental species males also show ... More


The Neurobiology of Maternal Behavior in Mammals

Frédéric Lévy and Alison S. Fleming

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the factors that affect a new mother's initial responses to her offspring and how she is changed by those responses, taking into account the mechanisms underlying maternal ... More


Maternal Programming of Defensive Responses Through Sustained Effects on Gene Expression

Michael J. Meaney

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter provides an overview of the long-term effects of early stress on the subsequent development of both physical and mental disorder. It then discusses the role of maternal care during pre- ... More


Hormonal Control of Maternal Behavior in Nonhuman Mammals

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 3 describes the hormones that promote the immediate onset of maternal behavior at parturition, drawing on research from rats, rabbits, sheep, mice, and nonhuman primates. The critical ... More


Development of the Parental Brain in Nonhuman Mammals

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 9 examines the development of the parental brain in animals, emphasizing that the way a mother treats her offspring affects their brain development and their subsequent maternal behavior, ... More


Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Robert A. LeVine, Sarah LeVine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Decades of research have shown that women’s school attainment is correlated with reduced child mortality and fertility in developing countries – without clarifying the processes involved. This book ... More


Parental Behavior: Descriptions, Terms, and Definitions

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 2 describes the types of parental behavior that can occur in vertebrates: maternal, paternal, and alloparental behavior. The dominant form of parental behavior in mammals is a uniparental ... More


The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Michael Numan

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution takes a three-pronged approach to the parental brain. The first part of the book deals with neural mechanisms. Subcortical circuits are ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


Dopamine and social cooperation

Richard J. Beninger

in Life's rewards: Linking dopamine, incentive learning, schizophrenia, and the mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198824091
eISBN:
9780191862755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824091.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Dopamine and social cooperation describes how, in humans, dopamine-innervated brain areas or cell body regions are activated during cooperative social interactions, suggesting that social stimuli may ... More


Puberty, Hormones, and the Social Brain

Cheryl L. Sisk and Russell D. Romeo

in Coming of Age: The Neurobiology and Psychobiology of Puberty and Adolescence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780195314373
eISBN:
9780197507094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195314373.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins with some history of the field of behavioral neuroendocrinology and traces the origins of the classic organizational-activational hypothesis to explain sexual differentiation of ... More


Personalized Psychiatry and Scientific Causal Explanations: Two Accounts

Aaron Kostko and John Bickle

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Contemporary personalized psychiatry faces head-on the tension to be individualized and patient-centered, while also striving to be scientific. We explore this tension by applying two accounts of ... More


Synthesis

Louise H. Emmons

in Tupai: A Field Study of Bornean Treeshrews

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222915
eISBN:
9780520925045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222915.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the treeshrews of Borneo. It explains that the small number of living tupaiid species and the fossil record suggests that the treeshrews' ... More


Education Begins at Home

Marc Marschark, Harry G. Lang, and John A. Albertini

in Educating Deaf Students: From Research to Practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195310702
eISBN:
9780197562468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195310702.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

Parents, siblings, and others provide young children with a context in which development occurs and supports and promotes early learning. In this chapter, ... More


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