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Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The main focus of the book is the presentation of the inertial view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the level of the ... More


Ties That Bind: Maternal Imagery and Discourse in Indian Buddhism

Reiko Ohnuma

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199915651
eISBN:
9780199950058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915651.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book is an exploration of maternal imagery and discourse in premodern South Asian Buddhism, drawing primarily on textual sources preserved in Pali and Sanskrit. It argues that Buddhism in India ... More


 Research Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating the exclusion of women in biomedical research, experimental treatment and maternal fetal surgery, human reproductive cloning, and embryonic stem cell research are presented. For ... More


Dumbo

Daniel M. Ogilvie

in Fantasies of Flight

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157468
eISBN:
9780199894024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157468.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter continues the author's habit of illustrating a set of ideas by applying them to a story: a modern fairy tale called Dumbo, the Flying Elephant. The notations on some of the main elements ... More


Contribution of the parent plant to dispersal

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter considers aspects of the maternal parent, other than the tissues immediately around the seed, which contribute to the distances dispersed by plant propagules. It shows how plant ... More


Mothers and Daughters in the Medieval Greek World

Judith Herrin

in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153216
eISBN:
9781400845217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153216.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter surveys the pattern of the female life cycle that defined most possibilities for women in Byzantium, and explores elements of maternal education, together with the alternative that ... More


The Influence of Family Context on the Development and Persistence of Antisocial Behavior

Linda S. Pagani

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the links between family influences and the development and persistence of antisocial behavior. Bearing a strong preference for longitudinal designs, it synthesizes the ... More


Biological Factors and the Development of Persistent Criminality

Patrick Sylvers, Stacy R. Ryan, S. Amanda Alden, and Patricia A. Brennan

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter orients the reader to the current biological models of delinquent psychopathology and provides an overview of the biological literature; including heritability, psychophysiology, ... More


 The Children

Suzanne Vromen

in Hidden Children of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195181289
eISBN:
9780199870752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181289.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The chapter is based on interviews with formerly hidden children and is illustrated by numerous quotes. It describes various responses to the wearing of the yellow star and the desperate search for ... More


Childbirth and the Law

John Seymour

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198264682
eISBN:
9780191682759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264682.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This book examines aspects of English, United States, Canadian, and Australian law as it applies to the fetus, the pregnant woman, and the doctor or midwife who provides antenatal and perinatal care. ... More


Maternal Behavior

Stephanie L. Rees, Vedran Lovic, and Alison S. Fleming

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes maternal behavior of the laboratory rat and outlines various methods of observing and quantifying this behavior. Although in some rodent biparental species males also show ... More


Parental Care: Incubation and Chick-Rearing

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on individual variation in parental care, the relationship between individual variation and maternal fitness, and the physiological mechanisms underlying this variation. For ... More


Conclusions and Future Directions

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The conspicuous nature of birds and their high-energy lifestyles has made them an attractive research model for many behavioral and physiological studies. Previous chapters give a sense of the scope ... More


THE MATERNAL EFFECT HYPOTHESIS

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes an effect which produces population cycles and may be thought of as the mechanism for inertia in population growth. This effect, the maternal effect, is the passing of quality ... More


INERTIAL GROWTH

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The term “inertia” was first used in population ecology in relation to the property of overshooting equilibria due to any one of a variety of causes. This chapter tries to flesh out the details of a ... More


The Egg

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the diverging views of embryologists and geneticists about heredity and evolution. The two main reasons for this stemmed from research started in the 19th century. First, ... More


Parent–Offspring Conflict

Catherine A. Salmon

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

At first glance, the relationship between parent and child seems to begin in perfect harmony. The image of parents' devotion to their infant is one that has been depicted in art for thousands of ... More


Postscript: Our Maternities: The Historical Legacy

Chris Laoutaris

in Shakespearean Maternities: Crises of Conception in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624362
eISBN:
9780748671687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624362.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

The maternal body has a rich and complex history. It is hoped that this book has been a first step towards recuperating a maternal body which is not historically passive but dynamic, active and ... More


Maternal Mortality as an Indicator of the Standard of Living in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Slavonia

Eugene A. Hammel and Aaron Gullickson

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This study of maternal mortality on the Croatian-Bosnian border in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries shows that the chance of death in childbirth was sensitive to major changes in the social ... More


Australia and New Zealand

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0028
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter compares maternal mortality in Australia and New Zealand. In the 1920s, about 700 mothers died annually from maternal causes. The distribution of maternal deaths by cause is similar to ... More


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