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What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Eric T. Olson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discussions of personal identity commonly ignore the question of our basic metaphysical nature: whether we are biological organisms, spatial or temporal parts of organisms, bundles of perceptions, or ... More


What Now?

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter proposes that animalism, the temporal‐parts view, and nihilism are the best accounts of what we are. It then takes up metaphysical objections to animalism hinted at earlier. It is ... More


World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Michael C. Rea

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophical naturalism has dominated the Western academy for well over a century. However, there is an important sense in which naturalism's status as orthodoxy is without rational foundation. ... More


Visual Objects

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Vision presents features as located in environmental things. In this chapter, the structure of this feature-locating scheme is investigated. Austen Clark argues, correctly, that visual features are ... More


Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy

P. F. Strawson

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198751182
eISBN:
9780191695032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198751182.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

All developed human beings possess a practical mastery of a vast range of concepts, including such basic structural notions as those of identity, truth, existence, material objects, mental states, ... More


Parthood and Location

Raul Saucedo

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603039
eISBN:
9780191725418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603039.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that from a particularly weak recombination principle and plausible assumptions about the nature of parthood and location, it follows that it is possible that the mereological ... More


Appearances

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The concept of an appearance is bona fide and rule‐governed. It is such that appearances can be shared, which suggests that a visual appearance is a complex universal, compounded out of colour and ... More


Minding the Matter of Necessity: A Paradox Regarding Causation

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume's views on the subject of free will rest on his specific interpretation of the nature of causation and necessity. In this chapter, I provide an interpretation of Hume's “two definitions” of ... More


Logical Constructions (i): Matter

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Russell’s so-called ‘logical constructions’ aim to replace an ordinary concept that is in some way puzzling by a more economical substitute. He offers a construction of material objects from ... More


Mereological Harmony 1

Gabriel Uzquiano

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603039
eISBN:
9780191725418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603039.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter takes a close look at the thought that mereological relations on material objects mirror, and are mirrored by, parallel mereological relations on their exact locations. This hypothesis ... More


Introduction

Michael C. Rea

in World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Introduces several of the concepts and assumptions that will occupy center stage in the book's main argument. In particular, introduces the notion of a research programme, and provides ... More


Thisness

Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235125
eISBN:
9780191598579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235127.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

An individual has thisness if there could be a different individual who had all the same properties (in a very wide sense of ‘property’) – i.e. if the identity of indiscernibles does not apply to it. ... More


Windows: Painting and the Fetish Surface

Johanna Malt

in Obscure Objects of Desire Surrealism, Fetishism, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253425
eISBN:
9780191698132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253425.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter goes on to look at a rather different set of artistic works, namely the paintings of Salvador Dalí from the inter-war period, asking whether they enter into or stand outside the ... More


Substances

Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235125
eISBN:
9780191598579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235127.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A substance is a concrete individual thing that exists all at once. Although the world can be cut up into substances in different ways, any full description of the world will include both material ... More


The World as Will

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This material object, my body, is no different in the constitution of its matter from the rest of the physical universe. And my knowledge of it uniquely from inside has led us to the conclusion that ... More


Things

Matej Blazek

in Rematerialising Children'S Agency: Everyday practices in a post-socialist estate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447322740
eISBN:
9781447322764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322740.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explores the ‘complex presence’ (Mol, 2002) of things, environments, and people with their individual histories, acquaintances and capacities, and its impact on the formation of ... More


An a Priori Argument for Realism

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn presents an indirect, a priori argument for the conjunction of realism about the external world and realism about the mind. The argument is indirect because McGinn's principal targets are the ... More


Sensible Experience and Material Objects

P. F. Strawson

in Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198751182
eISBN:
9780191695032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198751182.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the role of material objects and sensible experience in the formation of judgement. It explains the notion of the concept-user's experience of the world and the experience that ... More


The Individuation of Events

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Davidson notes that none of his key claims in the theory of action (Essay 1, Essay 2, Essay 3, Essay 4, Essay 5), nor his analysis of action sentences (Essay 6) or causal statements (Essay 7), will ... More


“If a Body Meet a Body”: Descartes on Body‐Body Causation

Michael Della Rocca

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What are Descartes's criteria for substance, and how many material objects meet them? A passage in the Synopsis of the Meditations has led some to portray him as a monist about extended substance and ... More


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