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The Evolution of Altruism through Sexual Selection

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

The basic idea underlying the evolution of altruism through sexual selection is that altruistic traits that are a burden to survival can evolve if they increase animals’ reproductive success. It is ... More


Modeling the Cultural and Biological Inheritance of Social and Political Behavior in Twins and Nuclear Families

Lindon J. Eaves, Peter K. Hatemi, Andrew C. Heath, and Nicholas G. Martin

in Man Is by Nature a Political Animal: Evolution, Biology, and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226319094
eISBN:
9780226319117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319117.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides a theoretical and empirical framework for evaluating the roles of biological and cultural inheritance in the transmission of human social and political behavior. It introduces ... More


7 The Aesthetics of Human Beauty

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary psychologists reduce human beauty to female sexual attractiveness in the context of mate selection. Rather than considering other forms of human beauty, this chapter shows how their ... More


Social influences on human assortative mating

Del Thiessen

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Sociobiologists and evolutionary psychologists emphasise that mate choice is based on Darwinian natural selection for individual fitness. This chapter refers to this as the individual imperative. ... More


Measuring Preferences and Choices

Gil G. Rosenthal

in Mate Choice: The Evolution of Sexual Decision Making from Microbes to Humans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691150673
eISBN:
9781400885466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150673.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Studies of mating outcomes range from behavioral observations of social affiliation in the wild, to laboratory experiments where individual choosers and courters are paired in isolation. However, ... More


How It All Adds Up: An Integration

William Ickes

in Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter re-examines the question of whether “opposites attract” or whether “birds of a feather flock together.” Integration of the findings reported in the previous chapters reveals that ... More


Love and Desire in the Cinema

Torben Grodal

in Embodied Visions: Evolution, Emotion, Culture and Film

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371314
eISBN:
9780199870585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371314.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter analyzes the evolutionary causes for the fascination with romantic films and why more men than women watch pornographic films, using film examples throughout. It argues that romantic ... More


Reproduction and Early Life History

Theodore W. Pietsch

in Oceanic Anglerfishes: Extraordinary Diversity in the Deep Sea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255425
eISBN:
9780520942554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255425.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter details the reproduction and early life history of ceratioid anglerfishes. It presents family accounts, providing information for each ceratioid family on taxonomic content, available ... More


Finding the Right Person to Marry

Brian J. Willoughby and Spencer L. James

in The Marriage Paradox: Why Emerging Adults Love Marriage Yet Push it Aside

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190296650
eISBN:
9780190296674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190296650.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores beliefs that emerging adults hold about mate selection, or the process people go through to select romantic partners. An overview is provided of mate-selection theories, and the ... More


The Business of Love and Sex: The History of Computer Matching from the “Happy Family Planning Service” to Tinder

Elaine Hatfield, Richard L. Rapson, and Jeanette Purvis

in What's Next in Love and Sex: Psychological and Cultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190647162
eISBN:
9780190647193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190647162.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Any time a new form of communication appears—from the penny dreadfuls to Morse code and the telegraph, skywriting, the wireless radio, TV, or iPads and computers—men and women find creative ways to ... More


Mental Work and Memory

Wyatt Moss-Wellington

in Narrative Humanism: Kindness and Complexity in Fiction and Film

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474454315
eISBN:
9781474476683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474454315.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter covers fantasy, imagination and play, the way stories can offer autotelic relief from purposeful cognitive work, the way we ogle at the invention of other humans through story, the ... More


Centering Eugenics on the Family

Alexandra Minna Stern

in Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285064
eISBN:
9780520960657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285064.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter details the founding and mission of the American Institute of Family Relations (AIFR). Established in 1930 by sterilization proponent Paul Popenoe, the AIFR had become the country's ... More


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