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Introduction: I: Origins, Prevention, Reconciliation

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine the central principles of or primary influences leading to intense violence between groups, with attention to variations in them in ... More


Instigating Conditions: Starting Points of Mass Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the starting points of mass violence. The starting points, or initial instigators, of intense group violence are usually either difficult life conditions in a society—economic ... More


Learning by Doing in Individuals and Groups: The Evolution of Extreme Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter traces the evolution of extreme violence by individuals and groups. People “learn by doing”, and they change as a result of what they do. Individuals and the whole group change as they ... More


Cultural/Societal Characteristics That Make Hostility and Violence More Likely

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies the cultural and societal characteristics that can increase the likelihood of mass violence. One of these is a history of devaluation of and discrimination against a group. ... More


Introduction: II: Early and Late Prevention, the Costs of Violence, Evil and Goodness

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the early and late prevention of mass violence, the concepts of evil and goodness, and the knowledge base for this book. It also describes the elements of the report by a ... More


The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence

Ervin Staub

in The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791743
eISBN:
9780199919222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes influences leading to genocide (and other mass violence). These influences include economic deterioration, political chaos, great social changes, and conflict, usually between ... More


Internal and External Bystanders: Their Passivity, Complicity, and Role in the Evolution of Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of internal and external bystanders in the evolution of mass violence. In the face of escalating violence, witnesses or bystanders usually remain passive, due to past ... More


Introduction and Late Prevention

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the prevention of group violence. Prevention usually happens in response to already intense violence against a group. But ideally prevention of group violence will start early, ... More


Psychological and Societal/Group Processes That Arise from Instigating Conditions

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the group processes arising from difficult life conditions. Groups and their members tend to respond to difficult life conditions and group conflict by fulfilling basic needs ... More


Perpetration and the Perpetrators

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the societal conditions and life experiences that may turn individuals into perpetrators of violence. Several factors appear to motivate perpetrators, including attitudes ... More


Only the Men Will Do: A Bioarchaeological Exploration of Gender in an Andean Mass Death Assemblage

J. Marla Toyne

in Massacres: Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Approaches

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781683400691
eISBN:
9781683400813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400691.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Chapter 4 applies a gendered approach to studying mass violence among the Chachapoya in Peru. While the results of this analysis of the mass death assemblage at Kuelap demonstrates that both adults ... More


Recommendations and Conclusions

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter summarizes actions to take in the primary cases in this book. It then discusses what is required to create a harmonious world with less, little, perhaps someday no mass violence. It also ... More


Assimilation: The Conversion and Forced Marriage of Christian Children

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter contends that there are two reasons why the concept of assimilation was detached from the study of genocide. First, Armenian Genocide studies have suffered from the general weaknesses of ... More


Understanding the Woundedness/Psychological Transformation of All Parties in Mass Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the harmful psychological consequences of conflict and violence, including changes in the nature of identity and self-concept (both individual and group) of many members of all ... More


Massacres: Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Approaches

Cheryl P. Anderson and Debra L. Martin (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781683400691
eISBN:
9781683400813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400691.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology offer unique perspectives on studies of mass violence and present opportunities to interpret human skeletal remains in a broader cultural context. Massacres ... More


After the Massacre: Commemoration and Consolation in Ha My and My Lai

Heonik Kwon

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520247963
eISBN:
9780520939653
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247963.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Though a generation has passed since the massacre of civilians at My Lai, the legacy of this tragedy continues to reverberate throughout Vietnam and the rest of the world. This engrossing study ... More


Decoding International Law: Semiotics and the Humanities

Susan Tiefenbrun

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195385779
eISBN:
9780199776061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385779.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Violations of international law and human rights laws are the plague of the 20th and 21st centuries. People's inhumanity to people escalates as wars proliferate and respect for human rights and the ... More


Introduction. Corpses in society: about human remains, necro-politics, necro-economy and the legacy of mass violence

Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

in Human Remains in Society: Curation and Exhibition in the Aftermath of Genocide and Mass-Violence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526107381
eISBN:
9781526120694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526107381.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The introduction outlines the book’s scope and addresses the central questions raised by the included chapters: when, how and why are bodies hidden or exhibited, and what is their effect, either ... More


Introduction: the tales destruction tells1

Anstett Élisabeth and Dreyfus Jean-Marc

in Destruction and human remains: Disposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719096020
eISBN:
9781781707876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096020.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The introduction will detail how the different disciplines (history - anthropology - sociology - law) approach the question of dead bodies during the killing processes. Corpses can be systematically ... More


Applications of Coded Osteological Data from the Smithsonian Repatriation Database for the Study of Violence in the Past

Ashley E. Kendell

in Massacres: Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Approaches

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781683400691
eISBN:
9781683400813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400691.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Chapter 5 explores an innovative data mining approach in order to show that archived data can be used to answer important anthropological questions about mass violence. It shows that the use of ... More


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