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Generalization by Induction (Propositions 5 and 6 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I is devoted to Newton’s argument for proposition 5 and his important Rule 4 for reasoning in natural philosophy. Rule 4 is a very informative characterization of theory acceptance for Newton ... More


Merging of organismal and ecological physiology

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All organisms modify their environment to some extent. Daisyworld models illustrate the theoretical possibility that these modifications could lead to planetary regulation for life friendly ... More


Chemical equilibrium and chemical kinetics

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Building on the previous chapter, this chapter examines gas phase chemical equilibrium, and the equilibrium constant. This chapter takes a rigorous, yet very clear, ‘first principles’ approach, ... More


Trait-Based Approach to Fish Ecology

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter proposes a shortlist of fish “master” traits and connects these traits to classic life-history strategy thinking. First, it sets the historical background for the current ... More


Reactions in solution

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Another key chapter, examining reactions in solution. Starting with the definition of an ideal solution, and then introducing Raoult’s law and Henry’s law, this chapter then draws on the results of ... More


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