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Creative Cross-Fertilization and Uneven Americanization of Swedish Industry: Sources of Innovation in Post-War Motor Vehicles and Electrical Manufacturing

Henrik Glimstedt

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

By emphasizing the rigid character of centralized bargaining, many students of Sweden's political economy end up by wrongly characterizing its national industry as ‘Fordist’. By contrast, this ... More


Economy, Society, and Worker Representation in Corporate Governance

Michael J. Piore

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter offers a historical reconstruction of the evolution of governance structures in the modern history of the US; seen through the lenses of Polanyi's thesis, the main problem of ... More


The Fourth Kondratiev Wave: The Great Depression and the Age of Oil, Automobiles, Motorization, and Mass Production

Chris Freeman and Francisco Louçã

in As Time Goes By: From the Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251056
eISBN:
9780191596278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251053.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The key inventions that led to the internal combustion engine, to the automobile, the truck, the tractor, and the tank, were made in Europe, but the innovations that led to the assembly line, to mass ... More


The Roots of Mass Production

Simon Head

in The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179835
eISBN:
9780199850211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179835.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the history of the mass production system in the manufacturing and service industries in the U.S. The mass production model's triumph first came with its application in the ... More


Production Systems

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Explores the links between a firm, region, or nation's production capabilities and productivity. Productivity is explained in terms of fundamental principles of production that underlie the ... More


Interchangeable Parts and Mass Production

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Economic historians have characterized the American system of manufacturing, or more appropriately the New England armory system, as the assembly of complex products produced from individual ... More


The North Atlantic Triangle: Economic Reconstruction and Collapse, 1923–1933

Volker R. Berghahn

in American Big Business in Britain and Germany: A Comparative History of Two "Special Relationships" in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161099
eISBN:
9781400850297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161099.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter deals with the period between the 1923 economic crisis and an even more severe economic breakdown in 1929. This period saw an engagement of the United States in Europe that had not been ... More


Rationalization and the ‘Production Miracle’ in Germany during the Second World War

R. J. Overy

in War and Economy in the Third Reich

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202905
eISBN:
9780191675584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202905.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The rationalisation of industrial production played a significant part in transforming the productive performance of all the major warring states between 1939 and 1945. Wartime economic pressure, ... More


The Post‐War Evolution of Managerial Control in the United States

Mary O'Sullivan

in Contests for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244867
eISBN:
9780191596735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244863.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter has two main sections, which contrast the post‐war development of managerial control in the USA in the mass production industries, and the high‐technology industries––as exemplified by ... More


The Populist Roots of Mass Production

Stefan J. Link

in Forging Global Fordism: Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, and the Contest over the Industrial Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691177540
eISBN:
9780691207988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177540.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter traces mass production to its beginnings in the United States, where it emerged from the distinctive ideology of Midwestern populism. Why did Detroit, of all places, pioneer the industry ... More


A New Civilization

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Pre-WWI technical advances have created economies and societies whose abundance of material possessions, rates of energy consumption, and overall tempo of life were entirely unprecedented. Both the ... More


The Handloom Weavers' Bones

Alice H. Amsden

in The Rise of “The Rest”: Challenges to the West From Late-Industrializing Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139693
eISBN:
9780199832897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139690.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, International

The fierce competition triggered after 1815 by Britain's technological revolution in textiles created havoc, and ultimately four defensive strategies among textile‐producing countries: at the high ... More


Henry Ford: The Blind Business Visionary

KEITH KEITH

in The Arts of Leadership

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244898
eISBN:
9780191697401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244898.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter returns to the business world to look at Henry Ford, whose leadership inaugurated a qualitative leap from craft to mass production and gave rise to the term ‘Fordism’. It discusses how ... More


The Past Alive: Automobiles

Simon Head

in The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179835
eISBN:
9780199850211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179835.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the role of the Japanese automobile industry on the relationship between technology and work in factories and offices in the U.S. It explains that many concepts used to define ... More


War of the Factories

Stefan J. Link

in Forging Global Fordism: Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, and the Contest over the Industrial Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691177540
eISBN:
9780691207988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177540.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter evaluates how both regimes of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany put Fordism to use during World War II. William Werner's ascent to the commanding heights of Nazi Germany's wartime ... More


Individualism in the Era of Mass-Produced Cutlery and Tools

Geoffrey Tweedale

in Steel City: Entrepreneurship, Strategy, and Technology in Sheffield 1743-1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288664
eISBN:
9780191684623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288664.003.0080
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Although the 1920s and the 1930s are often presented as black decades for the cutlery and tool trades of the Sheffield steel industries, increased international competition, trade depressions, ... More


Ford’s Bible of the Modern Age

Stefan J. Link

in Forging Global Fordism: Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, and the Contest over the Industrial Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691177540
eISBN:
9780691207988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177540.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses how European postliberals on both the left and the right grasped Fordism as a compass by which to navigate the economic and ideological confusions of the 1920s. It studies ... More


Nazi Fordismus

Stefan J. Link

in Forging Global Fordism: Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, and the Contest over the Industrial Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691177540
eISBN:
9780691207988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177540.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter investigates Nazi Germany's efforts to acquire American mass production technology in order to create their own version of Fordism in the Thirties. Unlike the Soviet Union, Germany ... More


Challenges to Post‐War Managerial Control in the United States

Mary O'Sullivan

in Contests for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244867
eISBN:
9780191596735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244863.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Beginning in the 1970s, the previously dominant US corporate enterprises faced an intensification of competition in both the mass‐production and high‐technology industries. The nature and gravity of ... More


Introduction: Detroit, Capital of the Twentieth Century

Stefan J. Link

in Forging Global Fordism: Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, and the Contest over the Industrial Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691177540
eISBN:
9780691207988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177540.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of Fordism. Fordism, in its most common usage, was a term that first originated in the 1970s and then boomed in the 1980s, when social scientists sought ... More


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