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The Ascendancy of the Party in Public Office: Party Organizational Change in Twentieth‐Century Democracies

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Concerned with the development of party organizations in twentieth‐century democracies, and deals specifically with the shifting balance of power between what has earlier been termed the three ... More


Beyond the Catch‐All Party: Approaches to the Study of Parties and Party Organization in Contemporary Democracies

Steven B. Wolinetz

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are good reasons for re‐examining existing classifications of parties and seeing if others can be developed. However, reworking categories is a complex process, requiring further research and ... More


Party Organization, Party Democracy, and the Emergence of the Cartel Party (With Richard S. Katz)

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of two chapters on political party organizations and party systems, and discusses party organization, party democracy, and the emergence of the cartel party. It notes that a common ... More


Party Members and Party Organization

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

One aspect of the debate about party decline is the question of whether political parties with large individual memberships (so called mass parties) are becoming a relic of the past. Political ... More


Parties Without Members?: Party Organization in a Changing Electoral Environment

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines how parties have fared as membership organizations over the past half century. The most comprehensive series of party‐reported membership and survey data for the OECD nations finds that ... More


From Social Integration to Electoral Contestation: The Changing Distribution of Power within Political Parties

Susan E. Scarrow, Paul Webb, and David M. Farrell

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assembles new cross‐national evidence on changes in the internal distribution of power within political parties. It hypothesizes that ongoing changes in candidate selection, leadership selection, and ... More


Spain: Building a Parties State in a New Democracy

Ian Holliday

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain has made a number of experiments with democracy, but only since the mid‐1970s has this been successful. At that time, strenuous efforts were made to ensure that political parties would come ... More


Partisan Change and the Democratic Process

Russell J. Dalton and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This summarizes the findings of this book. Partisanship in the electorate is clearly declining in many respects, but there has been little impact on parties in government to date. In the meantime, ... More


From Mass Party to Cadre Party The Organization of the KPD

Patrick Major

in The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206934
eISBN:
9780191677397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206934.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses the evolution of the organizational structure of the Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (KPD) in West Germany from a mass ... More


Towards the Final Legitimation of the Party

Piero Ignazi

in Party and Democracy: The Uneven Road to Party Legitimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198735854
eISBN:
9780191799815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198735854.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 investigates the process of party formation in France, Germany, Great Britain, and Italy, and demonstrates the important role of cultural and societal premises for the development of ... More


Shaping Intra-Party Democracy: On the Legal Regulation of Internal Party Organizations

Ingrid van Biezen and Daniela Romée Piccio

in The Challenges of Intra-Party Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661879
eISBN:
9780191748349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661879.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Like many other aspects of the behaviour and activities of political parties, the internal organizational procedures and structures of parties have become increasingly subject to external regulation. ... More


The Rise and Decline of Parties

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

When they rose to prominence in the régimes censitaires of the nineteenth century, most political parties were based primarily in parliament and had little external organization. With the advent of ... More


The Problem

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Most conventional conceptions of what democracy is and of how it should be organized imply particular characteristics and functions for parties and party systems, and particular kinds of ... More


The Cartel Party

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

In terms of an analogy to economic markets, the political market for parties has nearly always been an oligopoly. In recent decades, that oligopoly has transformed into a cartel, in which the parties ... More


The Red Sister-in-Law Remakes: Redefining the “Fish-and-Water” Relationship for the Era of Reform and Opening

Qian Gong

in The Making and Remaking of China's "Red Classics": Politics, Aesthetics, and Mass Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9789888390892
eISBN:
9789888455003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390892.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

Ode to Yimeng (Yingmeng Song), a major ballet production created in May 1974, was based on the short story “Red Sister-in-Law” (Hongsao). It is one of the “red classics” that deals with a ... More


Conclusion: The Study of Party Organization

Paul D. Webb, Thomas Poguntke, and Susan E. Scarrow

in Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198758631
eISBN:
9780191818554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758631.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter briefly recaps the findings of this volume, then addresses more general questions concerning the types of organizational patterns that researchers should expect to find, and the most ... More


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