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Spain: Building a Parties State in a New Democracy

Ian Holliday

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain has made a number of experiments with democracy, but only since the mid‐1970s has this been successful. At that time, strenuous efforts were made to ensure that political parties would come ... More


The Relevance of Mass Party Organizations

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyses the party-level sources of party-voter agreement by focusing on the relevance of mass organizations, which have historically been the functional linchpin of the party ... More


The Social Base of Parties and Ideological Congruence

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between the characteristics of party constituencies and congruence. There are two reasons to do this. First, party theorists have long argued that parties on ... More


Islam and nation-building

Carool Kersten

in A History of Islam in Indonesia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748681839
eISBN:
9781474434973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748681839.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Indonesia is home to the largest Muslim mass organizations in the world, which not only predate, but whose tens of millions of adherents also put more well-known movements such as the Egyptian Muslim ... More


Conclusion

Robert Rohrschneider and Stephen Stephen

in The Strain of Representation: How Parties Represent Diverse Voters in Western and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652785
eISBN:
9780191744907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652785.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book concludes in two parts. First, the chapter addresses the ‘puzzle of equal congruence’. It suggests the similarity occurs because different mechanisms of representation operate across ... More


The Roles of Other Organizations after the Revolution and the Effect of the Cultural Revolution on the Party and Civil Society

Karla W. Simon

in Civil Society in China: The Legal Framework from Ancient Times to the "New Reform Era"

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199765898
eISBN:
9780199332540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765898.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter considers the roles of different types of organizations that emerged after 1949. Some of them were revived from earlier forms in the Nationalist era, while others had their origins in ... More


In the Heart of the Trouble: Race, Sex, and the ILD

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the activities of the Communist-led International Labor Defense (ILD) in Alabama. In particular, it details the ILD's role in a case involving nine black men, who were pulled ... More


Fatherland or Death!: Setting the Revolution's Foundations, 1959–1962

Luis Martínez-Fernández

in Revolutionary Cuba: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813049953
eISBN:
9780813050416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049953.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Chapter 2 looks at the decisive first four years of revolution, tracing and analyzing the manifold challenges it faced domestically and in the international arena. It traces the processes through ... More


Feminist Contentions in Socialist State Formation: A Case Study of the Shanghai Women’s Federation

Wang Zheng

in Finding Women in the State: A Socialist Feminist Revolution in the People's Republic of China, 1949-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520292284
eISBN:
9780520965867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292284.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Focusing on the Shanghai Women’s Federation’s organizing and mobilizing efforts at the grassroots since the CCP took over Shanghai in 1949, this chapter traces the ACWF’s institutional development ... More


‘Socialism creates a better opportunity’: environmental justice in Cuba

Karen Bell

in Achieving environmental justice: A cross-national analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305941
eISBN:
9781447302933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305941.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

In 2006, Cuba earned international recognition as the only country in the world to have achieved sustainable development. This was based on the country’s relatively high indicators for social ... More


Islam in Indonesia Today: Discourses and Interlocutors

Carool Kersten

in Islam in Indonesia: The Contest for Society, Ideas and Values

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190247775
eISBN:
9780190638528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247775.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter argues that proponents of progressive Islamic discourses straddle the dichotomy or binary between traditionalist and modernist interpretations of the Islam. Their ability to work in the ... More


‘Pat-riot-ism’: Sectarian Violence and Public Disorder

in Irish, Catholic and Scouse: The History of the Liverpool-Irish, 1800-1940

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311079
eISBN:
9781846313363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313363.009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter evaluates ‘Pat-riot-ism’, which bothered the local authorities. Efforts were expended on cultural projects of national regeneration. Sectarian violence became an institution in ... More


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