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Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Henry Laycock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book seeks to resolve the so-called ‘problem of mass nouns’ — a problem which cannot be resolved on the basis of a conventional system of logic. It is not, for instance, possible to explicate ... More


Some Stuff: On the Mass–Count Distinction

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter turns to the motivation for one more functional open value within the nominal domain: Classifier Phrase (CLmax), headed by the open value DIV (div. meaning ‘division’). It is argued that ... More


Major Subclasses

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Despite being polar opposites conceptually, the two most fundamental grammatical classes—noun and verb—show extensive parallelism. One similarity is that both divide into two major subclasses: count ... More


Quality nouns and other mass nouns

Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden

in Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198744580
eISBN:
9780191805837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter considers the relation between qualities and masses, showing that the order-theoretic difference here posited between them—qualities are ordered by a preorder called size and a ... More


Adjectival Nominalization

David Conan Wolfsdorf

in On Goodness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190688509
eISBN:
9780190688530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190688509.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 6 focuses on the semantics and metaphysical implications of the semantics of the adjectival nominalization “goodness.” Adjectival nominalizations of the form “F-ness” are almost always mass ... More


Plural marking on mass nouns: Evidence from Greek

Maria Kouneli

in Gender and Noun Classification

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198828105
eISBN:
9780191866777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828105.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Mass nouns are generally incompatible with plural morphology in number-marking languages. Greek mass nouns, though, can freely pluralize. Chapter 11 shows that the meaning of plural mass nouns in ... More


Reference to Universals and Plural Reference to Particulars

Friederike Moltmann

in Abstract Objects and the Semantics of Natural Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199608744
eISBN:
9780191747700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608744.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with (apparent) reference to universals. A common view is that terms like wisdom and the property of being wise both refer to abstract objects. There is a range of linguistic ... More


Grading and hedging by gewiss

Stefan Hinterwimmer and Carla Umbach

in Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199665297
eISBN:
9780191779732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665297.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter argues for a unified account of three different kinds of DPs headed by the German specificity marker ein(e) gewiss(e): DPs with count nouns, DPs with proper names, and DPs with abstract ... More


Some Preliminary Comparative Remarks on French and Italian Definite Articles

Richard S. Kayne

in Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062787
eISBN:
9780262273152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines parametric variation within the nominal domain and shows that crosslinguistic variation across a variety of nominal constructions can be linked to a single parameter: the ... More


The lexical semantic variation hypothesis

Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden

in Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198744580
eISBN:
9780191805837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter lays out the main hypothesis about variation in the form of property concept sentences explored in the book—the Lexical Semantic Variation Hypothesis—and introduces the semantics of ... More


Number and Classifier

Yasuki Ueda

in Japanese Syntax in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199945207
eISBN:
9780199389025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945207.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

It has been observed that languages are split into two groups: those with classifiers and those with number morphology. This led researchers such as Akira Watanabe and Hiroki Narita to the hypothesis ... More


Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198744580
eISBN:
9780191805837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Systematic variation in form between semantic equivalents across languages is a key explanandum of linguistic theory. Two contrasting views of the role of lexical semantics in the analysis of such ... More


Furniture, vegetables, weapons: Functional collective superordinates in the English lexicon

Cliff Goddard

in The Semantics of Nouns

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198736721
eISBN:
9780191800382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198736721.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter deals with the semantic structure of functional collective superordinates, concentrating on three formally distinguishable classes. These can be termed ‘singular only’ (mass), e.g. ... More


Introduction

Bryan R. Weaver and Kevin Scharp

in Semantics for Reasons

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198832621
eISBN:
9780191871184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832621.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The Introduction provides some background on the huge role that reasons play in the literature on metaethics and epistemology over the past five decades. It also introduces the reader to why an ... More


Conclusion

Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden

in Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198744580
eISBN:
9780191805837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This concluding chapter highlighting outstanding issues related to its main topics, among these the notion of translational equivalence; the uniformity/transparency debate in the explanation of ... More


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