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Mechanisms of Conscription

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors: Republican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655748
eISBN:
9780199949953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the methods the two sides used to conscript men in the territories they controlled and examines the process from call-up to placement in a combatant unit. The militia phase of ... More


Introduction: Regime Change During the Third Wave: From Dictatorship to Democracy And Back

Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman

in Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book examines regime change during the so-called Third Wave by focusing on transitions to and from democratic rule, taking into account factors such as the nature of authoritarian and democratic ... More


Distributive Conflict Transitions: Institutions and Collective Action

Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman

in Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the role of institutions and collective action in distributive conflict transitions by focusing on causal process observation of the distributive conflict and elite-led ... More


Transition Paths and the Quality of Democracy

Terence Teo

in Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines whether the nature of the transition—distributive conflict or elite-led—has any effect on the quality of democracy. More specifically, it asks whether transition paths reflect ... More


Groundswell Meets Groundwork: Building on the Mobilizations to Empower Immigrant Communities

Ted Wang and Robert C. Winn

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

In the spring of 2006, millions of immigrants and their allies participated in hundreds of marches across the United States. Broad coalitions that had convened to support comprehensive immigration ... More


Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen

Christopher Capozzola

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335491
eISBN:
9780199868971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335491.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In April 1917, the United States embarked on World War I, with little history of conscription, an army smaller than Romania's, and a political culture that saw little role for the federal government ... More


A Day Without an Immigrant:: Social Movements and the Media Ecology

Sasha Costanza-Chock

in Out of the Shadows, Into the Streets!: Transmedia Organizing and the Immigrant Rights Movement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028202
eISBN:
9780262322805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028202.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines the 2006 protests against the Sensenbrenner bill (H.R. 4437). This protest wave culminated in the historic ‘Day Without an Immigrant,’ a nationwide immigrant strike and march on ... More


The Two Roots of Mass Education

Stephen Kosack

in The Education of Nations: How the Political Organization of the Poor, Not Democracy, Led Governments to Invest in Mass Education

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199841653
eISBN:
9780199949540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841653.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues that social scientists have not developed an understanding of when or why governments decide to invest in mass education. The three most common political-economic ... More


The Protests of 2006: What Were They, How Do We Understand Them, Where Do We Go?

Irene Bloemraad, Kim Voss, and Taeku Lee

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Between mid-February and early May 2006, an estimated 3.7 to 5 million people took to the streets in over 160 cities across the United States to rally for immigrant rights. Marches and demonstrations ... More


. Race and reaction: Civil War political mobilization

PHILIP J. ETHINGTON

in The Public City: The Political Construction of Urban Life in San Francisco, 1850-1900

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230019
eISBN:
9780520927469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230019.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the transposition of the rules of political mobilization in San Francisco, California during the Civil War. It traces the ways in which the rights revolution of the Civil War ... More


From Prayer to Protest: The Immigrant Rights Movement and the Catholic Church

Luisa Heredia

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Undocumented immigration has been at the heart of contemporary legislative debates on immigration policy in the United States. In 2006, immigrants of all legal statuses were at the center of the mass ... More


It’s a Family Affair: Intergenerational Mobilization in the Spring 2006 Protests

Irene Bloemraad and Christine Trost

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

From March 10 to May 1, 2006, between 3.5 and 5 million people across the United States participated in immigrant rights rallies. Many of the faces in the crowd were those of children and ... More


Regarding Family: New Actors in the Chicago Protests

Amalia Pallares and Nilda Flores-González

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

In spring 2006, immigrants and their supporters staged the largest mass mobilizations in Chicago’s history. This chapter examines the participation of new actors who united their voices with more ... More


The Education of Nations: How the Political Organization of the Poor, Not Democracy, Led Governments to Invest in Mass Education

Stephen Kosack

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199841653
eISBN:
9780199949540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841653.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Quality mass education is one of sustainable development’s most important ingredients, particularly in the information age. This book provides a framework for understanding and predicting when a ... More


Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

From the 1980s through the first decade of the twenty-first century, the spread of democracy across the developing and postcommunist worlds transformed the global political landscape. What drove ... More


Migrant Civic Engagement

Jonathan Fox and Xóchitl Bada

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The spring 2006 wave of immigrant rights mass mobilizations represents a watershed in the history of civic engagement in the United States. Practitioners involved in the policy debate, scholars who ... More


Self-Reliant Science:: The Impact of the Cold War on Science in Socialist China

Sigrid Schmalzer

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the emergence of a set of mutually reinforcing priorities in Cold War-era Chinese science: application, native techniques, mass mobilization, and most importantly, self-reliance. ... More


Creating Constituencies for State Building and Democratization

Elton Skendaj

in Creating Kosovo: International Oversight and the Making of Ethical Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452949
eISBN:
9780801470189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452949.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter argues that mass mobilization and public participation have contributed to the democratic breakthrough in Kosovo and its subsequent democratic development. Unlike state ... More


Modeling Democratic Transitions: Distributive Conflict and Elite Processes

Terence Teo

in Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines why some democratic transitions were driven by mass mobilization, while others appeared to be predominantly elite processes, with a greater role for international influences as ... More


Introduction: Politicizing the Soldier Image in Modern Chinese History

Yan Xu

in The Soldier Image and State-Building in Modern China, 1924-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176741
eISBN:
9780813176772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176741.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The introduction first provides a historical background for the book during the period from the 1924 establishment of the Whampoa Military Academy to the 1945 end of the Second Sino-Japanese War. Xu ... More


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