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Mass Killing

Geoffrey B. Robinson

in The Killing Season: A History of the Indonesian Massacres, 1965-66

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196497
eISBN:
9781400888863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196497.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter reconstructs the details of the campaign of violence against the PKI through a careful excavation of a variety of accounts, including the testimonies and memoirs of both witnesses and ... More


Introduction

Geoffrey B. Robinson

in The Killing Season: A History of the Indonesian Massacres, 1965-66

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196497
eISBN:
9781400888863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196497.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter provides some insights into the violence of 1965–66 against members of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and builds on the rich body of existing work by Indonesian ... More


Introduction

Alex J. Bellamy

in Massacres and Morality: Mass Atrocities in an Age of Civilian Immunity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199288427
eISBN:
9780191745430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288427.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The intentional killing of civilians, whether in peacetime or war, is morally prohibited. Most of the world's major ethical traditions and legal codes forbid the deliberate killing of people who are ... More


The Killing Season: A History of the Indonesian Massacres, 1965-66

Geoffrey B. Robinson

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196497
eISBN:
9781400888863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196497.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book explores one of the largest and swiftest, yet least examined, instances of mass killing and incarceration in the twentieth century—the shocking antileftist purge that gripped Indonesia in ... More


Violence, Legacies, Silence

Geoffrey B. Robinson

in The Killing Season: A History of the Indonesian Massacres, 1965-66

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196497
eISBN:
9781400888863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196497.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter draws together the main threads of the story and argument, and suggests some of their broader implications. It does so by returning to the three central questions posed at the outset: ... More


Pretext

Geoffrey B. Robinson

in The Killing Season: A History of the Indonesian Massacres, 1965-66

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196497
eISBN:
9781400888863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196497.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers whether the army and those who supported its campaign to vilify, imprison, torture, and kill PKI members and other leftists did so on the back of a lie. After weighing the ... More


Horrifying Youth

Thomas Barker

in Indonesian Cinema after the New Order: Going Mainstream

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9789888528073
eISBN:
9789882204751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888528073.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Horror film is one of the most popular genres in the new mainstream Indonesian cinema. Dismissed by most critics as cheap and commercialised, this chapter draws on scholarship that links horror ... More


The Psychology of Bystanders, Perpetrators, and Heroic Helpers

Ervin Staub

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What leads groups of people or governments to perpetrate genocide or mass killing? What are the characteristics and psychological processes of individuals and societies that contribute to such group ... More


Datasets and Trends of Genocides, Mass Killings, and Other Civilian Atrocities

Charles H. Anderton, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer, Charles H. Anderton, and Jurgen Brauer

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter surveys fifteen large-sample datasets on genocides, mass killings, and lower-level intentional violence against civilians spanning the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Data trends ... More


Development and the Risk of Mass Atrocities: An Assessment of the Empirical Literature

Anke Hoeffler

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter surveys large-n studies on the correlates of mass atrocities with an emphasis on economic explanations. Since the overwhelming majority of mass atrocities (genocides, politicides, and ... More


A New Global Phenomenon?

Ronald Niezen

in The Origins of Indigenism: Human Rights and the Politics of Identity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520235540
eISBN:
9780520936690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235540.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter presents the case that indigenism is a significantly distinct global phenomenon, which should not to be confused with ethnonationalism or a civil rights form of struggle for equality. It ... More


The Microeconomic Causes and Consequences of Genocides and Mass Atrocities

Patricia Justino

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter proposes a conceptual framework to understand the economic causes and effects of genocides and mass atrocities at the level of individuals, households, and communities (the microlevel). ... More


Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Leonard S. Newman and Ralph Erber (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

When and why do groups target each other for extermination? How do seemingly normal people become participants in genocide? Why do some individuals come to the rescue of members of targeted groups, ... More


Media Persuasion, Ethnic Hatred, and Mass Violence: A Brief Overview of Recent Research Advances

Maria Petrova and David Yanagizawa-Drott

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The study of modern-day mass killing is arguably incomplete without an account of whether and how mass persuasion plays a role. This chapter outlines the fundamental empirical challenges when ... More


On the Logistics of Violence: Evidence from Stalin’s Great Terror, Nazi-Occupied Belarus, and Modern African Civil Wars

Yuri M. Zhukov

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter explores how logistical costs shape the quantity and quality of violence against civilians. I distinguish between two types of supply systems: a reliance on local resources obtained from ... More


Who Stays and Who Leaves During Mass Atrocities?

Ana María Ibáñez and Andrés Moya

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The chapter reviews the literature on large-scale violence and population displacement with three specific objectives in mind. First, it discusses how strategies adopted by armed actors and victims ... More


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