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A mere technical exercise? Challenges and technological solutions to the identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context

Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The chapter will examine how forensic scientists, including anthropologists, have been exploring the potential of new methods and processes in the resolution of mass grave contexts. The introduction ... More


Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Human remains and identification presents a pioneering investigation into the practices and methodologies used in the search for and exhumation of dead bodies resulting from mass violence. Previously ... More


Introduction: why exhume? why identify?1

Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The introduction outlines the book’s interrogation of the treatment of corpses and human remains following mass violence and genocide, focusing specifically on their possible discovery and ... More


Final chapter: portraying the exhumation and reburial of Polish Jewish Holocaust victims in the pages of yizkor books

Gabriel N. Finder

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

In the immediate aftermath of World War II and the Holocaust, Poland was quite literally a vast Jewish cemetery. In fields, forests, by the side of roads, and in Jewish cemeteries throughout the ... More


Mass Graves of the LBK: Patterns and Peculiarities

Christian Meyer, Christian Lohr, Olaf Kürbis, Veit Dresely, Wolfgang Haak, Christina J. Adler, Detlef Gronenborn, and Kurt W. Alt

in Early Farmers: The View from Archaeology and Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265758
eISBN:
9780191771965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265758.003.0016
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Truly deviant grave features exist with the known Linearbandkeramik (LBK) mass graves from Germany, which share the absence of grave goods, erratic commingling of bodies, a location within a ... More


Forensic Perspectives on Massacres in Prehistoric and Historic Central California

Marin A. Pilloud and Al W. Schwitalla

in Massacres: Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Approaches

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781683400691
eISBN:
9781683400813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400691.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

Chapter 3 examines mass graves from multiple archaeological sites in central California in order to study larger patterns of massacres. These prehistoric cases of violence are then compared with ... More


State secrets and concealed bodies: exhumations of soviet-era victims in contemporary Russia1

Viacheslav Bitiutckii

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This paper discusses the search for, exhumation and identification of the remains of victims of mass political repression during the Stalinist Great Terror (1937-1938) in the USSR, concentrating on ... More


Rethinking Massacres: A Bioarchaeological and Forensic Investigation of Prehistoric Multiple Burials in the Tennessee River Valley

William E. de Vore, Keith P. Jacobi, and David H. Dye

in Massacres: Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Approaches

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781683400691
eISBN:
9781683400813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400691.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

This research analyzes mass graves from the Middle Tennessee River Valley and highlights problems with how massacres are defined and identified in bioarchaeology. Definitions of mass graves and the ... More


Remembrance: The Mass Graves of the Terror

Ronen Steinberg (ed.)

in The Afterlives of the Terror: Facing the Legacies of Mass Violence in Postrevolutionary France

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739248
eISBN:
9781501739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739248.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the commemoration of victims of the Terror. It focuses on the transformation of mass graves into expiatory monuments. This process began in the immediate aftermath of the Terror ... More


Nothing Must Remain: The (In)visibility of Atrocity Crimes and the Perpetrators’ Strategies using the Corpses of their Victims

Caroline Fournet

in Perpetrators of International Crimes: Theories, Methods, and Evidence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829997
eISBN:
9780191868375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829997.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

An intrinsic and material consequence of mass violence is the corresponding mass production of human corpses. What the perpetrators subsequently do with these corpses varies greatly from one instance ... More


State violence and death politics in post-revolutionary Iran1

Makaremi Chowra

in Destruction and human remains: Disposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719096020
eISBN:
9781781707876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096020.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In post-revolutionary Iran, the most important factor in the construction of the state apparatus has been a war waged against twin enemies: the war of "sacred defence" against Iraq (1980-1988), and ... More


Sacred Graves and Human Rights

Adam Rosenblatt

in Human Rights at the Crossroads

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199376414
eISBN:
9780190259853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199376414.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the so-called “politics of sacred graves” that the increasinglyinfluential international teams of forensic scientists encounter during exhumations after mass atrocity. It seeks ... More


Valence of the Dead: Expedience, Aesthetics, Opportunity, and Dignity

Jeffrey K. Hass

in Wartime Suffering and Survival: The Human Condition under Siege in the Blockade of Leningrad, 1941-1944

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197514276
eISBN:
9780197514306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197514276.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Culture

Death was a Blockade constant, the dead a new anchor of valence. Perceptions and practices of the meaning of the dead, and of proper disposal, depended on social distance between the dead and an ... More


A Mass Grave outside the Walls: The Commingled Assemblage from Ibida

Andrei Soficaru, Claudia Radu, and Cristina I. Tica

in Bioarchaeology of Frontiers and Borderlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781683400844
eISBN:
9781683401209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400844.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the Roman frontier province of Scythia Minor during the fourth–sixth centuries CE, in an attempt to get a glimpse of how life on the frontier might have worked. In the fourth ... More


Battlefields, burials and the English Civil Wars

Ian Atherton

in Battle-scarred: Mortality, medical care and military welfare in the British Civil Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526124807
eISBN:
9781526138675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526124807.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Twentieth-century practices of battlefield preservation construct war graves as sites of memory and continuing commemoration. Such ideas, though they have led archaeologists in a largely fruitless ... More


Lands of Unkultur: mass violence, corpses, and the Nazi imagination of the East

McConnell Michael

in Destruction and human remains: Disposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719096020
eISBN:
9781781707876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096020.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This paper uses the treatment of dead bodies in occupied Eastern Europe to argue that the public hangings and mass shootings of civilians committed by German troops reinforced their conceptions of ... More


The Neolithic massacre at Talheim: a pivotal find in conflict archaeology

Joachim Wahl and Iris Trautmann

in Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199573066
eISBN:
9780191804434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter revisits the paradigm-shifting Early Neolithic mass grave at Talheim, southwest Germany, dating from ca. 5000 cal BC. The discussion focuses on the sequence of events which led to the ... More


Theory and Politics

Rodney Harrison and John Schofield

in After Modernity: Archaeological Approaches to the Contemporary Past

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548071
eISBN:
9780191917752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548071.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Contemporary and Public Archaeology

If we are to undertake an archaeology of the contemporary past, we need Wrst to be able to characterize it—to understand both those quotidian aspects of contemporary life as well as what makes this ... More


Waste: The Trash Fiction of Alejandro Morales, Beatrice Pita, and Rosaura Sánchez

Marissa K. López

in Racial Immanence: Chicanx Bodies beyond Representation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479807727
eISBN:
9781479877676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479807727.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Chapter 4 opens with a discussion of the mass graves of unidentified immigrants discovered in South Texas in 2014. How, confronted with these decayed, dismembered border bodies, can literature and ... More


Ancestors, Conflict, and Criminality in Ancient China and Mongolia

Christine Lee

in The Odd, the Unusual, and the Strange: Bioarchaeological Explorations of Atypical Burials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781683401032
eISBN:
9781683401216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401032.003.0019
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Five archaeological sites were sampled across China and Mongolia to document non-traditional burials in the region. The earliest levels of the Jinlianshan site of the Dian culture (206 BC–220 AD) in ... More


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