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Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most of their history human beings have lived in comparatively small and close‐knit societies, with a primitive technology that allowed them to affect only their most immediate environment. Their ... More


Weapons of Mass Destruction

Robert Wuthnow

in Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on how the 9/11 attacks merged with and animated the discussion of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). By the first anniversary of 9/11, public officials and commentators were ... More


From Success to Failure? Iraq and the Organization of George W. Bush's Decision Making

John P. Burke

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines decision making in the Bush presidency by analyzing its formal organizational processes, including the structure of the advisory process, the access of advisers to the ... More


Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Henry Shue and David Rodin (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The dramatic declaration by US President George W. Bush that, in light of the attacks on 9/11, the United States would henceforth be engaging in ‘preemption’ against such enemies as terrorists armed ... More


Liberal Democracy

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the question whether affluent liberal democracies can cope with the challenge to their survival that weapons of mass destruction, harmful climate change, and environmental ... More


Preventive War and Human Rights 1

David Luban

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter responds to some objections to an earlier argument that proposed a theory of preventive war. This theory sought to assimilate preventive war to self-defence, but only under restricted ... More


The Chemical and Biological Weapons Non-proliferation Regimes

Daniel H. Joyner

in International Law and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199204908
eISBN:
9780191709470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204908.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes international legal regimes regulating the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons. It begins with a brief description of chemical and biological weapons. It then ... More


Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea

Natalie Klein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199566532
eISBN:
9780191725197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566532.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book examines the rights and duties of states across a broad spectrum of maritime security threats. It provides comprehensive coverage of the different dimensions of maritime security in order ... More


Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Patrick Stewart

in Weak Links: Fragile States, Global Threats, and International Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751501
eISBN:
9780199895366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751501.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the link between weak states and weapons of mass destruction (WMD) proliferation, examining the threat of WMD proliferation, outlining various avenues by which both state and ... More


Introduction

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

It is easier for us to harm each other than to benefit each other, e.g. easier to kill than to save life. The extraordinary progress of scientific technology has increased our powers of action so ... More


The Iraq Crisis and the Future of the Western Alliance

Marc Trachtenberg

in The Cold War and After: History, Theory, and the Logic of International Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152028
eISBN:
9781400842490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152028.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the various issues raised in the run-up to the Iraq War. It asks: How much of a problem would the development of a mass destruction capability by a regime like that of Iraq in ... More


Sovereignty and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Jennifer M. Ramos

in Changing Norms through Actions: The Evolution of Sovereignty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199924844
eISBN:
9780199332915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924844.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter Five explores the policy domain of weapons of mass destruction. Conceptually distinct, though related to terrorism, weapons of mass destruction are another controversial matter for ... More


10. Gulf Wars

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter compares and contrast two Gulf Wars, 1990–1 and 2003. It concludes that the First Gulf War, on the whole, met the just‐war criteria. It assesses the different reasons for the Second Gulf ... More


The Kaiser's Army: Technological, Tactical, and Operational Dilemmas in Germany During the Machine Age 1870-1918

Eric Dorn Brose

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195143355
eISBN:
9780199872015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143355.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This volume covers a fascinating period in the history of the German army, a time in which machine guns, airplanes, and weapons of mass destruction were first developed and used. The author traces ... More


Liberty and Armageddon

Gifford Lectures

in The Lesser Evil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748618729
eISBN:
9780748671892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618729.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the acquisition by terrorist groups of weapons of mass destruction. If this were to occur, the state's ultimate powers of violence would pass into private hands, either those ... More


Non-proliferation Law and the United Nations System: The U.N. Political Bodies

Daniel H. Joyner

in International Law and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199204908
eISBN:
9780191709470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204908.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the role of the United Nations political bodies in creating, facilitating, maintaining, and enforcing international law on the subject of the proliferation of weapons of mass ... More


Jus ad Bellum in the Age of WMD Proliferation

Daniel H. Joyner

in International Law and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199204908
eISBN:
9780191709470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204908.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the normative question of what should be the character of the rules and institutions of international law covering international uses of force, in the age of proliferation of ... More


What We Know Now

W. G. Runciman

in Hutton and Butler: Lifting the Lid on the Workings of Power

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263297
eISBN:
9780191734519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263297.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter discusses the information provided by the Hutton Report and the Butler Report concerning the bases of the British government's decision to join the U.S. in overturning Saddam Hussein for ... More


Introduction: Weak States, Global Threats, and International Security

Patrick Stewart

in Weak Links: Fragile States, Global Threats, and International Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751501
eISBN:
9780199895366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751501.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the emerging consensus that weak and failing states pose the biggest threats to the US and international security. It then sets out the purpose ... More


The Challenges of Counterproliferation: The Proliferation Security Initiative

Daniel H. Joyner

in International Law and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199204908
eISBN:
9780191709470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204908.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), an ongoing informal diplomatic program involving some fifty states at various levels of cooperation in logistic, law enforcement, ... More


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