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New Realities and Counterintuitive Worlds:: Accomplishments and Concerns

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical advances based on unprecedented levels of energy use brought a new phenomenon of mass consumption as well as many obvious gains in the typical quality of life. However, they have not ... More


The Valley of the Sun

Andrew Needham

in Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139067
eISBN:
9781400852406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the Valley of the Sun. “The Valley of the Sun” was not only an idealized place. It was also a political project, the result of two of the most powerful forces in the postwar ... More


The North Atlantic Triangle: Economic Reconstruction and Collapse, 1923–1933

Volker R. Berghahn

in American Big Business in Britain and Germany: A Comparative History of Two "Special Relationships" in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161099
eISBN:
9781400850297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161099.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter deals with the period between the 1923 economic crisis and an even more severe economic breakdown in 1929. This period saw an engagement of the United States in Europe that had not been ... More


Domestic Audience, Nationalism, and Weapons of Mass Consumption

Xiaoyu Pu

in Rebranding China: Contested Status Signaling in the Changing Global Order

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781503606838
eISBN:
9781503607866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503606838.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter opens with a conceptual analysis of how China signals a higher status through conspicuous consumption in international relations. It then turns to the importance of domestic audience and ... More


Early Commercial Era

Ryan André Brasseaux

in Cajun Breakdown: The Emergence of an American Made Music

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195343069
eISBN:
9780199866977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343069.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines the dawn of Cajun recording. The Cajun community’s relationship to recording technology, the evolving nature of America’s recording industry, and Cajun music’s relationship to ... More


Hard Payments: Consumer Credit and Thrift

Lendol Calder

in Thrift and Thriving in America: Capitalism and Moral Order from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769063
eISBN:
9780199896851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769063.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter deals with the transformation of credit across the late 19th and early 20th centuries. First, it considers the notion that credit is an essentially modern invention by detailing the ... More


The Politics of Mass Consumption: Balancing Public and Private Consumption in Postwar West Germany and the United States

Jan L. Logemann

in Trams or Tailfins?: Public and Private Prosperity in Postwar West Germany and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226491493
eISBN:
9780226491523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226491523.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the distinct paths taken by consumer policy in West Germany and the United States. The Marshall Plan, while certainly instrumental for the speedy recovery of West Germany's ... More


What the People Want: Consumer Aspirations and the Social Meaning of Consumption

Jan L. Logemann

in Trams or Tailfins?: Public and Private Prosperity in Postwar West Germany and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226491493
eISBN:
9780226491523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226491523.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sketches out two social models of consumption. The American model, representing a wide spectrum of society, emphasized spending on household durables, automobiles, and suburban homes. It ... More


Price Is the Object!

Solly Angel

in The Tale of the Scale: An Odyssey of Invention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158687
eISBN:
9780199849826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158687.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Solly Angel went into the first of two days of technical meetings with the Philips engineers with Rijk Nienhuis by his side. He distributed his report and presented his results. The scale was placed ... More


Better Living Through Consumption

Eiko Maruko Siniawer

in Waste: Consuming Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501725845
eISBN:
9781501725852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501725845.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the mid-1950s, as the economic and material hardships of the immediate postwar years began to ease and people started to imagine what a better life might be, different attitudes toward waste and ... More


Trams or Tailfins?: Public and Private Prosperity in Postwar West Germany and the United States

Jan L. Logemann

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226491493
eISBN:
9780226491523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226491523.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the years that followed World War II, both the United States and the newly formed West German republic had an opportunity to remake their economies. Since then, much has been made of the supposed ... More


Wars Against Waste

Eiko Maruko Siniawer

in Waste: Consuming Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501725845
eISBN:
9781501725852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501725845.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

The early 1970s were a sharp pivot point in Japan’s postwar history, as the Garbage War of 1971 and the Oil Shock of 1973 thrust waste and wastefulness into a place of unprecedented visibility. ... More


Public and Private Consumption in Affluent Societies: Divergent Approaches to Consumer Policy during the 1960s

Jan L. Logemann

in Trams or Tailfins?: Public and Private Prosperity in Postwar West Germany and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226491493
eISBN:
9780226491523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226491523.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how private mass consumption and the balance between private and public spending became important issues of public debate in the United States and in West Germany. The context ... More


Going Shopping

Joshua O. Reno

in Waste Away: Working and Living with a North American Landfill

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520288935
eISBN:
9780520963771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288935.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter considers the mass consumption of new commodities as a choice not to scavenge from mass waste. In contemporary North America, commodities are swaddled in disposable materials that secure ... More


Postwar Commodity Parables and the Cracking of Late Colonialism

in A City Consumed: Urban Commerce, the Cairo Fire, and the Politics of Decolonization in Egypt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781268
eISBN:
9780804782661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781268.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the ways in which a pair of shoes (gawz gazma) and nylon stockings came by the late 1940s to represent new kinds of conflict and new forms of community emerging from the rise of ... More


Sold American: Consumption and Citizenship, 1890-1945

Charles F. McGovern

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830338
eISBN:
9781469606040
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876640_mcgovern
Subject:
History, Cultural History

At the turn of the twentieth century, an emerging consumer culture in the United States promoted constant spending to meet material needs and develop social identity and self-cultivation. This book ... More


From Qualities to Value: Demand Shaping and Market Control in Mass Consumption Markets

Sophie Dubuisson-Quellier

in Constructing Quality: The Classification of Goods in Markets

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677573
eISBN:
9780191757037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677573.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Where does convergence on value come from? How do certain products’ qualities acquire economic value? Drawing on some results coming from economic sociology that emphasize the role of marketing ... More


‘Les Vénus des comptoirs’: Feminism and Shopping in the 1920s

in Consumer Chronicles: Cultures of Consumption in Modern French Literature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846314872
eISBN:
9781846317156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317156.011
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

During the early 1920s, France experienced monetary difficulties and financial crisis, yet saw its economy grow dramatically. Don Slater declares that the 1920s marked the rise of consumer culture ... More


Redefining Oppression: The 1960s, from Affluence to Youth Protest

Alessandro Brogi

in Confronting America: The Cold War between the United States and the Communists in France and Italy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834732
eISBN:
9781469602950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877746_brogi.12
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses Europe's economic miracles, which were not only about growth, prosperity, and full employment. With the arrival of mass consumption, the diffusion of visual media, and the ... More


Do Liberal Egalitarians Really Believe in Equality Given Their Commitment to Equality of Opportunity?

Jiwei Ci

in Do All Persons Have Equal Moral Worth?: On 'Basic Equality' and Equal Respect and Concern

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198719502
eISBN:
9780191788604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719502.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that according to the modern liberal notion of equality it is only as suitably neutralized individuals that people are equal, and that this qualitative equality leaves a lot of ... More


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